Now showing items 522-541 of 16347

  • Annually resolved North Atlantic marine climate over the last millennium 

    Reynolds, DJ; Scourse, JD; Halloran, PR; Nederbragt, AJ; Wanamaker, AD; Butler, PG; Richardson, CA; Heinemeier, J; Eiríksson, J; Knudsen, KL; Hall, IR (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12-06)
    Owing to the lack of absolutely dated oceanographic information before the modern instrumental period, there is currently significant debate as to the role played by North Atlantic Ocean dynamics in previous climate ...
  • Anomalous electromagnetic coupling via entanglement at the nanoscale 

    Slepyan, G; Boag, A; Mordachev, V; Sinkevich, E; Maksimenko, S; Kuzhir, P; Miano, G; Maffucci, A; Portnoi, ME (IOP Publishing for Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, 2017-02-02)
    Understanding unwanted mutual interactions between devices at the nanoscale is crucial for the study of the electromagnetic compatibility in nanoelectronic and nanophotonic systems. Anomalous electromagnetic coupling ...
  • An anomalous extinction law in the Cep OB3b young cluster: Evidence for dust processing during gas dispersal 

    Allen, TS; Prchlik, JJ; Megeath, ST; Gutermuth, RA; Pipher, JL; Naylor, T; Jeffries, RD (American Astronomical Society, 2014-04-24)
    © 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We determine the extinction law through Cep OB3b, a young cluster of 3000 stars undergoing gas dispersal. The extinction is measured toward 76 background K ...
  • Anonymous letter relating to white shadow images 

    Unknown author (2009-11-10)
  • Another explanation for apparent epistasis 

    Wood, AR; Tuke, MA; Nalls, MA; Hernandez, DG; Bandinelli, S; Singleton, AB; Melzer, D; Ferrucci, L; Frayling, TM; Weedon, MN (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-10-02)
    Epistasis occurs when the effect of a genetic variant on a trait is dependent on genotypes of other variants elsewhere in the genome. Hemani et al. recently reported the detection and replication of many instances of ...
  • Ant Colony Optimisation for Exploring Logical Gene-Gene Associations in Genome Wide Association Studies. 

    Sapin, E; Keedwell, E; Frayling, TM (Copicentro Editorial, 2013)
    In this paper a search for the logical variants of gene-gene interactions in genome-wide association study (GWAS) data using ant colony optimisation is proposed. The method based on stochastic algorithms is tested on a ...
  • An Ant Colony Optimization and Tabu List Approach to the Detection of Gene-Gene Interactions in Genome-Wide Association Studies [Research Frontier] 

    Sapin, E; Keedwell, E; Frayling, T (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-11-01)
    © 2015 IEEE. In this paper, a novel ant colony optimization and tabu list approach for the discovery of gene-gene interactions in genome-wide association study data is proposed. The method is tested on a number of diseases ...
  • Antarctic ice sheet fertilises the Southern Ocean 

    Death, R.; Wadham, J.L.; Monteiro, F.; Le Brocq, A.M.; Tranter, M.; Ridgwell, A.; Dutkiewicz, S.; Raiswell, R. (European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications, 2014-05-19)
    Southern Ocean (SO) marine primary productivity (PP) is strongly influenced by the availability of iron in surface waters, which is thought to exert a significant control upon atmospheric CO2 concentrations on glacial/interglacial ...
  • Antecedent conditions control carbon loss and downstream water quality from shallow, damaged peatlands. 

    Grand-Clement, Emilie; Luscombe, David J.; Anderson, K; Gatis, Naomi; Benaud, P; Brazier, Richard E. (Elsevier, 2014-09-15)
    Losses of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from drained peatlands are of concern, due to the effects this has on the delivery of ecosystem services, and especially on the long-term store of carbon and the provision of drinking ...
  • Antecedent conditions control carbon loss and downstream water quality from shallow, damaged peatlands. 

    Grand-Clement, Emilie; Luscombe, David J.; Anderson, K; Gatis, Naomi; Benaud, P; Brazier, Richard E. (Elsevier, 2014-09-15)
    Losses of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from drained peatlands are of concern, due to the effects this has on the delivery of ecosystem services, and especially on the long-term store of carbon and the provision of drinking ...
  • Anthropogenic noise compromises antipredator behaviour in European eels. 

    Simpson, SD; Purser, J; Radford, AN (Wiley, 2014-08-06)
    Increases in noise-generating human activities since the Industrial Revolution have changed the acoustic landscape of many terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Anthropogenic noise is now recognized as a major pollutant of ...
  • Anthropogenic noise increases fish mortality by predation 

    Simpson, SD; Radford, AN; Nedelec, SL; Ferrari, MCO; Chivers, DP; McCormick, MI; Meekan, MG (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-02-05)
    Noise-generating human activities affect hearing, communication and movement in terrestrial and aquatic animals, but direct evidence for impacts on survival is rare. We examined effects of motorboat noise on post-settlement ...
  • Anthropogenic noise playback impairs embryonic development and increases mortality in a marine invertebrate. 

    Nedelec, SL; Radford, AN; Simpson, SD; Nedelec, B; Lecchini, D; Mills, SC (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07-31)
    Human activities can create noise pollution and there is increasing international concern about how this may impact wildlife. There is evidence that anthropogenic noise may have detrimental effects on behaviour and physiology ...
  • Anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon fluxes from land to ocean 

    Regnier, P; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Mackenzie, FT; Gruber, N; Janssens, IA; Laruelle, GG; Lauerwald, R; Luyssaert, S; Andersson, AJ; Arndt, S; Arnosti, C; Borges, AV; Dale, AW; Gallego-Sala, Angela V.; Goddéris, Y; Goossens, N; Hartmann, J; Heinze, C; Ilyina, T; Joos, F; Larowe, DE; Leifeld, J; Meysman, FJR; Munhoven, G; Raymond, PA; Spahni, R; Suntharalingam, P; Thullner, M (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-06-09)
    A substantial amount of the atmospheric carbon taken up on land through photosynthesis and chemical weathering is transported laterally along the aquatic continuum from upland terrestrial ecosystems to the ocean. So far, ...
  • Anti-Ageing and Women's Bodies: Spaces, Practices, and Knowledges of Cosmetic Intervention 

    Morton, Katherine Jane Parker (University of ExeterGeography, 2014-06-25)
    This thesis examines women’s responses to ageing through cosmetic intervention, as part of broader practices of health and wellbeing. The thesis identifies a lack of geographical attention to the embodied and emotional ...
  • The anti-fibrotic effect of inhibition of TGFβ-ALK5 signalling in experimental pulmonary fibrosis in mice is attenuated in the presence of concurrent γ-herpesvirus infection. 

    Smoktunowicz, N; Alexander, RE; Franklin, L; Williams, AE; Holman, B; Mercer, PF; Jarai, G; Scotton, CJ; Chambers, RC (Company of Biologists, 2015-09-01)
    TGFβ-ALK5 pro-fibrotic signalling and herpesvirus infections have been implicated in the pathogenesis and exacerbation of pulmonary fibrosis. In this study we addressed the role of TGFβ-ALK5 signalling during the progression ...
  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Metformin Irrespective of Diabetes Status 

    Cameron, AR; Morrison, V; Levin, D; Mohan, M; Forteath, C; Beall, C; McNeilly, AD; Balfour, DJ; Savinko, T; Wong, AK; Viollet, B; Sakamoto, K; Fagerholm, SC; Foretz, M; Lang, CC; Rena, G (American Heart Association, 2016-07-14)
    RATIONALE: The diabetes drug metformin is under investigation in cardiovascular disease but the molecular mechanisms underlying possible benefits are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Here we have studied anti-inflammatory ...
  • Anti-phase Signature of Flare Generated Transverse Loop Oscillation 

    White, R.S.; Verwichte, E.; Foullon, Claire (American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing, 2013)
    Transverse loop oscillations observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument on the Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft are studied after an impulsive solar flare eruption on 2012 May 8. We have found that a ...
  • Anti-phase synchronization and symmetry-breaking bifurcation of impulsively coupled oscillators 

    Jiang, H; Liu, Y; Zhang, L; Yu, J (Elsevier, 2016-03-05)
    This paper studies the synchronization in two mechanical oscillators coupled by impacts which can be considered as a class of state-dependent impulsively coupled oscillators. The two identical oscillators are harmonically ...
  • Anti-politics in action? Exposing measurement dilemmas in the study of unconventional political participation 

    Saunders, Clare (Sage, 2014-09-01)
    There are good reasons to test more refined measures of protest to better understand protesters’ disaffection with and disconnection from politics. This article assesses whether disaffection and disconnection predict each ...