Now showing items 15-34 of 351

  • Asymptotic and numerical solutions of the initial value problem in rotating planetary fluid cores 

    Liao, X.; Zhang, Keke (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2010)
    An initial state of fluid motion in planetary cores or atmospheres, excited, for example, by the giant impact of an asteroid or an earthquake and then damped by viscous dissipation, decays towards the state of rigid-body ...
  • Asymptotic properties of mathematical models of excitability. 

    Biktasheva, I. V.; Simitev, R. D.; Suckley, R.; Biktashev, V. N. (Royal Society, 2006)
    We analyse small parameters in selected models of biological excitability, including Hodgkin-Huxley (Hodgkin & Huxley 1952 J. Physiol.117, 500-544) model of nerve axon, Noble (Noble 1962 J. Physiol.160, 317-352) model of ...
  • Asymptotic theory of resonant flow in a spheroidal cavity driven by latitudinal libration 

    Zhang, Keke; Chan, K.H.; Liao, X. (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
  • Asymptotics of conduction velocity restitution in models of electrical excitation in the heart. 

    Simitev, R. D.; Biktashev, V. N. (Springer Verlag, 2011)
    We extend a non-Tikhonov asymptotic embedding, proposed earlier, for calculation of conduction velocity restitution curves in ionic models of cardiac excitability. Conduction velocity restitution is the simplest non-trivial ...
  • Atmospheric impacts of Arctic sea-ice loss, 1979-2009: separating forced change from atmospheric internal variability 

    Screen, James A.; Deser, Clara; Simmonds, Ian; Tomas, Robert (Springer-Verlag, 2013)
    The ongoing loss of Arctic sea-ice cover has implications for the wider climate system. The detection and importance of the atmospheric impacts of sea-ice loss depends, in part, on the relative magnitudes of the sea-ice ...
  • The atmospheric response to three decades of observed arctic sea ice loss 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian; Deser, Clara; Tomas, Robert (American Meteorological Society, 2013)
    Arctic sea ice is declining at an increasing rate with potentially important repercussions. To understand better the atmospheric changes that may have occurred in response to Arctic sea ice loss, this study presents results ...
  • Attractors of a randomly forced electronic oscillator 

    Ashwin, Peter (Elsevier, 1999)
    This paper examines an electronic oscillator forced by a pseudo-random noise signal. We give evidence of the existence of one or more random attractors for the system depending on noise amplitude and system parameters. ...
  • The Bayesian Decision Tree Technique with a Sweeping Strategy 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Everson, Richard M.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Hernandez, Adolfo (2004)
    The uncertainty of classification outcomes is of crucial importance for many safety critical applications including, for example, medical diagnostics. In such applications the uncertainty of classification can be reliably ...
  • Bayesian inductively learned modules for safety critical systems 

    Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Everson, Richard M.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Partridge, Derek; Schetinin, Vitaly (Interface Foundation of North America, Inc., 2003)
    This work examines the use of Bayesian inductively learned software modules for safety critical systems. Central to the safety critical application is the desire to generate confidence measures associated with predictions. ...
  • A Bayesian Methodology for Estimating Uncertainty of Decisions in Safety-Critical Systems 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Everson, Richard M.; Hernandez, Adolfo (IOS Press, 2006)
  • A bias-corrected decomposition of the Brier score 

    Ferro, Christopher A.T.; Fricker, T.E. (Royal Meteorological Society, 2012)
    The Brier score is a widely used measure of performance for probabilistic forecasts of event occurrences and is often decomposed additively into three terms that quantify the reliability and resolution of the forecasts and ...
  • Biclustering models for structured microarray data 

    Turner, Heather L.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Hemingway, Cheryl A. (IEEE, 2005)
    Microarrays have become a standard tool for investigating gene function and more complex microarray experiments are increasingly being conducted. For example, an experiment may involve samples from several groups or may ...
  • Bidirectional transport and pulsing states in a multi-lane ASEP model 

    Lin, Congping; Steinberg, Gero; Ashwin, Peter (IOP Publishing, 2011)
    In this paper, we introduce an ASEP-like transport model for bidirectional motion of particles on a multi-lane lattice. The model is motivated by {\em in vivo} experiments on organelle motility along a microtubule (MT), ...
  • Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Niño Southern Oscillation. 

    Krauskopf, Bernd; Sieber, J. (Royal Society, 2014)
    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops ...
  • Bifurcation to heteroclinic cycles and sensitivity in three and four coupled phase oscillators 

    Ashwin, Peter; Burylko, Oleksandr; Maistrenko, Yuri (Elsevier, 2008)
    We study the bifurcation and dynamical behaviour of the system of N globally coupled identical phase oscillators introduced by Hansel, Mato and Meunier, in the cases N=3 and N=4. This model has been found to exhibit robust ...
  • Bistability in feedback circuits as a byproduct of evolution of evolvability 

    Kuwahara, Hiroyuki; Soyer, Orkun S. (2012)
    Noisy bistable dynamics in gene regulation can underlie stochastic switching and is demonstrated to be beneficial under fluctuating environments. It is not known, however, if fluctuating selection alone can result in ...
  • Blowout bifurcation in a system of coupled chaotic lasers 

    Ashwin, Peter; Terry, John R.; Thornburg, K. Scott; Roy, Rajarshi (American Physical Society, 1998)
    We show that loss of synchronization of two identical coupled chaotic class B lasers can occur via a blowout bifurcation. This occurs when a transverse Lyapunov exponent governing the stability of a synchronized subspace ...
  • Bounded real and positive real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems 

    Guiver, Chris; Opmeer, Mark R. (American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013)
    Bounded real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems is considered. This provides reduced order finite-dimensional systems that retain bounded realness. We obtain an error bound analogous to the finite-dimensional ...
  • Bounds on the dynamics of sink populations with noisy immigration 

    Eager, Eric Alan; Guiver, Chris; Hodgson, David J.; Rebarber, Richard; Stott, Iain; Townley, Stuart (Elsevier, 2014)
    Sink populations are doomed to decline to extinction in the absence of immigration. The dynamics of sink populations are not easily modelled using the standard framework of per capita rates of immigration, because numbers ...
  • Broad range of 2050 warming from an observationally constrained large climate model ensemble 

    Rowlands, Daniel J.; Frame, David J.; Ackerley, Duncan; Aina, Tolu; Booth, Ben B.B.; Christensen, Carl; Collins, Matthew; Faull, Nicholas; Forest, Chris E.; Grandey, Benjamin S.; Gryspeerdt, Edward; Highwood, Eleanor J.; Ingram, William J.; Knight, Sylvia; Lopez, Ana; Massey, Neil; McNamara, Frances; Meinshausen, Nicolai; Piani, Claudio; Rosier, Suzanne M.; Sanderson, Benjamin M.; Smith, Leonard A.; Stone, Daithi A.; hurston, Milo; Yamazaki, Kuniko; Yamazak, Y. Hiro; Allen, Myles R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012)
    Incomplete understanding of three aspects of the climate system—equilibrium climate sensitivity, rate of ocean heat uptake and historical aerosol forcing—and the physical processes underlying them lead to uncertainties in ...