Now showing items 15-34 of 893

  • Age-dependent patterns of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. 

    Brooks-Pollock, Ellen; Conlan, Andrew J. K.; Mitchell, Andrew P.; Blackwell, R; McKinley, Trevelyan J.; Wood, James L. N. (BioMed Central, 2013-10-16)
    Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is an important livestock disease, seriously impacting cattle industries in both industrialised and pre-industrialised countries. Like TB in other mammals, infection is life long and, if undiagnosed, ...
  • Almost sure convergence of maxima for chaotic dynamical systems 

    Holland, Mark P.; Nicol, Matthew; Török, János (Cornell University Library, 2016-03-21)
    Suppose (f,X,ν) is a measure preserving dynamical system and ϕ:X→R is an observable with some degree of regularity. We investigate the maximum process M n :=max{X 1 ,…,X n } , where X i =ϕ∘f i is a time series of observations ...
  • Altered intrinsic excitability of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in aged PDAPP mice 

    Tamagnini, F; Novelia, J; Kerrigan, TL; Brown, JT; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Randall, AD (Frontiers, 2015-10-14)
    Amyloidopathy involves the accumulation of insoluble amyloid b (Ab) species in the brain’s parenchyma and is a key histopathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Work on transgenic mice that overexpress Ab ...
  • Altered intrinsic pyramidal neuron properties and pathway-specific synaptic dysfunction underlie aberrant hippocampal network function in a mouse model of Tauopathy. 

    Booth, Clair A.; Witton, J; Nowacki, J; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Jones, MW; Randall, AD; Brown, JT (Society for Neuroscience -, 2016-01-13)
    The formation and deposition of tau protein aggregates is proposed to contribute to cognitive impairments in dementia by disrupting neuronal function in brain regions, including the hippocampus. We used a battery of in ...
  • Alternative stable scroll waves and conversion of autowave turbulence 

    Foulkes, A. J.; Barkley, D.; Biktashev, V. N.; Biktasheva, I. V. (American Institute of Physics, 2010)
    Rotating spiral and scroll waves (vortices) are investigated in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model of excitable media. The focus is on a parameter region in which there exists bistability between alternative stable vortices with ...
  • Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface temperature. 

    Harris, PP; Huntingford, C; Cox, PM (Royal Society, 2008-05-27)
    The Hadley Centre coupled climate-carbon cycle model (HadCM3LC) predicts loss of the Amazon rainforest in response to future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the atmospheric component of HadCM3LC is ...
  • Amplified mid-latitude planetary waves favour particular regional weather extremes 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
    There has been an ostensibly large number of extreme weather events in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes during the past decade [1]. An open question that is critically important for scientists and policy makers is ...
  • Analysis of anchor-size effects on pinned scroll waves and measurement of filament rigidity. 

    Nakouzi, E; Jiménez, ZA; Biktashev, V. N.; Steinbock, O (American Physical Society, 2014-04-02)
    Inert, spherical heterogeneities can pin three-dimensional scroll waves in the excitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. Three pinning sites cause initially circular rotation backbones to approach equilateral triangles. The ...
  • Analysis of Automotive Cyber-Attacks on Highways using Partial Differential Equation Models 

    Ghanavati, M; Chakravarthy, A; Menon, PP (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017-10-09)
    This paper considers scenarios wherein a group of malicious vehicles on a highway perform a cooperative attack with the motive of creating undesirable wave effects among other vehicles on the highway. The two species ...
  • An analytic comparison of regularization methods for Gaussian processes 

    Mohammadi, H; Le Riche, R; Durrande, N; Touboul, E; Bay, X (Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2016-06-08)
    Gaussian Processes (GPs) are often used to predict the output of a parameterized deterministic experiment. They have many applications in the field of Computer Experiments, in particular to perform sensitivity analysis, ...
  • An analytical approach to initiation of propagating fronts 

    Idris, I.; Biktashev, V. N. (American Physical Society, 2008)
    We consider the problem of initiation of a propagating wave in a one-dimensional excitable fibre. In the Zeldovich-Frank-Kamenetsky equation, a.k.a. Nagumo equation, the key role is played by the "critical nucleus'' solution ...
  • An Analytical Model for On-chip Interconnects in Multimedia Embedded Systems 

    Wu, Yulei; Min, Geyong; Zhu, Dakai; Yang, Laurence T. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013)
    The traffic pattern has significant impact on the performance of network-on-chip. Many recent studies have shown that multimedia applications can be supported in on-chip interconnects. Driven by the motivation of evaluating ...
  • Analytically Solvable Asymptotic Model of Atrial Excitability 

    Simitev, R. D.; Biktashev, V. N. (2009-05-25)
    We report a three-variable simplified model of excitation fronts in human atrial tissue. The model is derived by novel asymptotic techniques \new{from the biophysically realistic model of Courtemanche et al (1998) in ...
  • Anisotropic properties of riddled basins 

    Ashwin, Peter; Breakspear, Michael (Elsevier, 2001)
    We consider some general properties of chaotic attractors with riddled basins of attraction (basins with positive measure but open dense complements) in dynamical systems with symmetries. We investigate how a basin of ...
  • Anisotropic small-scale constraints on energy in rotating stratified turbulence 

    Kurien, Susan; Wingate, Beth; Taylor, Mark (European Physical Society, 2008-10)
    Rapidly rotating, stably stratified three-dimensional inviscid flows conserve both energy and potential enstrophy. We show that in such flows, the forward cascade of potential enstrophy imposes anisotropic constraints on ...
  • Anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon fluxes from land to ocean 

    Regnier, P; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Mackenzie, FT; Gruber, N; Janssens, IA; Laruelle, GG; Lauerwald, R; Luyssaert, S; Andersson, AJ; Arndt, S; Arnosti, C; Borges, AV; Dale, AW; Gallego-Sala, Angela V.; Goddéris, Y; Goossens, N; Hartmann, J; Heinze, C; Ilyina, T; Joos, F; Larowe, DE; Leifeld, J; Meysman, FJR; Munhoven, G; Raymond, PA; Spahni, R; Suntharalingam, P; Thullner, M (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-06-09)
    A substantial amount of the atmospheric carbon taken up on land through photosynthesis and chemical weathering is transported laterally along the aquatic continuum from upland terrestrial ecosystems to the ocean. So far, ...
  • Anti-phase Signature of Flare Generated Transverse Loop Oscillation 

    White, R.S.; Verwichte, E.; Foullon, Claire (American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing, 2013)
    Transverse loop oscillations observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument on the Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft are studied after an impulsive solar flare eruption on 2012 May 8. We have found that a ...
  • Anti-windup for a class of partially linearisable non-linear systems with application to wave energy converter control 

    Lekka, A; Turner, MC; Menon, PP (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2016-08-24)
    This paper studies the anti-windup (AW) problem for a certain class of non-linear systems, in which the plant is globally quadratically stable and also partially linearisable by a suitably chosen non-linear feedback control ...
  • The antigenic evolution of influenza: drift or thrift? 

    Wikramaratna, Paul S.; Sandeman, Michi; Recker, Mario; Gupta, Sunetra (The Royal Society, 2013-03-19)
    It is commonly assumed that antibody responses against the influenza virus are polarized in the following manner: strong antibody responses are directed at highly variable antigenic epitopes, which consequently undergo ...
  • The antigenic switching network of Plasmodium falciparum and its implications for the immuno-epidemiology of malaria 

    Noble, Robert; Christodoulou, Zóe; Kyes, Sue; Pinches, Robert; Newbold, Chris I.; Recker, Mario (eLife Sciences Publications, 2013)
    Antigenic variation in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum involves sequential and mutually exclusive expression of members of the var multi-gene family and appears to follow a non-random pattern. In this ...