Now showing items 19-38 of 327

  • The atmospheric response to three decades of observed arctic sea ice loss 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian; Deser, Clara; Tomas, Robert (American Meteorological Society, 2013)
    Arctic sea ice is declining at an increasing rate with potentially important repercussions. To understand better the atmospheric changes that may have occurred in response to Arctic sea ice loss, this study presents results ...
  • Attractors of a randomly forced electronic oscillator 

    Ashwin, Peter (Elsevier, 1999)
    This paper examines an electronic oscillator forced by a pseudo-random noise signal. We give evidence of the existence of one or more random attractors for the system depending on noise amplitude and system parameters. ...
  • The Bayesian Decision Tree Technique with a Sweeping Strategy 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Everson, Richard M.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Hernandez, Adolfo (2004)
    The uncertainty of classification outcomes is of crucial importance for many safety critical applications including, for example, medical diagnostics. In such applications the uncertainty of classification can be reliably ...
  • Bayesian inductively learned modules for safety critical systems 

    Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Everson, Richard M.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Partridge, Derek; Schetinin, Vitaly (Interface Foundation of North America, Inc., 2003)
    This work examines the use of Bayesian inductively learned software modules for safety critical systems. Central to the safety critical application is the desire to generate confidence measures associated with predictions. ...
  • A Bayesian Methodology for Estimating Uncertainty of Decisions in Safety-Critical Systems 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Everson, Richard M.; Hernandez, Adolfo (IOS Press, 2006)
  • A bias-corrected decomposition of the Brier score 

    Ferro, Christopher A.T.; Fricker, T.E. (Royal Meteorological Society, 2012)
    The Brier score is a widely used measure of performance for probabilistic forecasts of event occurrences and is often decomposed additively into three terms that quantify the reliability and resolution of the forecasts and ...
  • Biclustering models for structured microarray data 

    Turner, Heather L.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Hemingway, Cheryl A. (IEEE, 2005)
    Microarrays have become a standard tool for investigating gene function and more complex microarray experiments are increasingly being conducted. For example, an experiment may involve samples from several groups or may ...
  • Bidirectional transport and pulsing states in a multi-lane ASEP model 

    Lin, Congping; Steinberg, Gero; Ashwin, Peter (IOP Publishing, 2011)
    In this paper, we introduce an ASEP-like transport model for bidirectional motion of particles on a multi-lane lattice. The model is motivated by {\em in vivo} experiments on organelle motility along a microtubule (MT), ...
  • Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Niño Southern Oscillation. 

    Krauskopf, Bernd; Sieber, J. (Royal Society, 2014)
    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops ...
  • Bifurcation to heteroclinic cycles and sensitivity in three and four coupled phase oscillators 

    Ashwin, Peter; Burylko, Oleksandr; Maistrenko, Yuri (Elsevier, 2008)
    We study the bifurcation and dynamical behaviour of the system of N globally coupled identical phase oscillators introduced by Hansel, Mato and Meunier, in the cases N=3 and N=4. This model has been found to exhibit robust ...
  • Bistability in feedback circuits as a byproduct of evolution of evolvability 

    Kuwahara, Hiroyuki; Soyer, Orkun S. (2012)
    Noisy bistable dynamics in gene regulation can underlie stochastic switching and is demonstrated to be beneficial under fluctuating environments. It is not known, however, if fluctuating selection alone can result in ...
  • Blowout bifurcation in a system of coupled chaotic lasers 

    Ashwin, Peter; Terry, John R.; Thornburg, K. Scott; Roy, Rajarshi (American Physical Society, 1998)
    We show that loss of synchronization of two identical coupled chaotic class B lasers can occur via a blowout bifurcation. This occurs when a transverse Lyapunov exponent governing the stability of a synchronized subspace ...
  • Bounded real and positive real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems 

    Guiver, Chris; Opmeer, Mark R. (American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013)
    Bounded real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems is considered. This provides reduced order finite-dimensional systems that retain bounded realness. We obtain an error bound analogous to the finite-dimensional ...
  • Bounds on the dynamics of sink populations with noisy immigration 

    Eager, Eric Alan; Guiver, Chris; Hodgson, David J.; Rebarber, Richard; Stott, Iain M.; Townley, Stuart (Elsevier, 2014)
    Sink populations are doomed to decline to extinction in the absence of immigration. The dynamics of sink populations are not easily modelled using the standard framework of per capita rates of immigration, because numbers ...
  • Broad range of 2050 warming from an observationally constrained large climate model ensemble 

    Rowlands, Daniel J.; Frame, David J.; Ackerley, Duncan; Aina, Tolu; Booth, Ben B.B.; Christensen, Carl; Collins, Matthew; Faull, Nicholas; Forest, Chris E.; Grandey, Benjamin S.; Gryspeerdt, Edward; Highwood, Eleanor J.; Ingram, William J.; Knight, Sylvia; Lopez, Ana; Massey, Neil; McNamara, Frances; Meinshausen, Nicolai; Piani, Claudio; Rosier, Suzanne M.; Sanderson, Benjamin M.; Smith, Leonard A.; Stone, Daithi A.; hurston, Milo; Yamazaki, Kuniko; Yamazak, Y. Hiro; Allen, Myles R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012)
    Incomplete understanding of three aspects of the climate system—equilibrium climate sensitivity, rate of ocean heat uptake and historical aerosol forcing—and the physical processes underlying them lead to uncertainties in ...
  • Buckling of scroll waves 

    Dierckx, H.; Verschelde, H.; Selsil, O.; Biktashev, V. N. (American Physical Society, 2012)
    A scroll wave in a sufficiently thin layer of an excitable medium with negative filament tension can be stable nevertheless due to filament rigidity. Above a certain critical thickness of the medium, such scroll wave will ...
  • Calcium-Induced Calcium Release during Action Potential Firing in Developing Inner Hair Cells 

    Iosub, Radu; Avitabile, Daniele; Grant, Lisa; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Kennedy, Helen J. (Biophysical Society / Elsevier, 2015)
    In the mature auditory system, inner hair cells (IHCs) convert sound-induced vibrations into electrical signals that are relayed to the central nervous system via auditory afferents. Before the cochlea can respond to normal ...
  • The carbon cycle response to ENSO: a coupled climate–carbon cycle model study 

    Jones, Chris D.; Collins, Matthew; Cox, Peter M.; Spall, Steven A. (American Meteorological Society, 2001)
    There is significant interannual variability in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) even when the effect of anthropogenic sources has been accounted for. This variability is well correlated with the El ...
  • A case study of the radiative forcing of persistent contrails evolving into contrail-induced cirrus 

    Haywood, James M.; Allan, Richard P.; Bornemann, Jorge; Forster, Piers M.; Francis, Peter N.; Milton, Sean; Radel, Gaby; Rap, Alexandru; Shine, Keith P.; Thorpe, Robert (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2009)
    [1] The radiative forcing due to a distinct pattern of persistent contrails that form into contrail-induced cirrus near and over the UK is investigated in detail for a single case study during March 2009. The development ...
  • Caution needed when linking weather extremes to amplified planetary waves 

    Screen, James A.; Simmonds, Ian (National Academy of Sciences, 2013)