Browsing Mathematics by Title
Now showing items 4160 of 668

The atmospheric role in the Arctic water cycle: A review on processes, past and future changes, and their impacts
(American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2015)Atmospheric humidity, clouds, precipitation, and evapotranspiration are essential components of the Arctic climate system. During recent decades, specific humidity and precipitation have generally increased in the Arctic, ... 
Atomically homogeneous dispersed ZnO/Ndoped nanoporous carbon composites with enhanced CO2 uptake capacities and high efficient organic pollutants removal from water
(Elsevier, 20151011)Advanced functional composite of ZnO nanoparticles embedded in Ndoped nanoporous carbons has been synthesized by a simple onestep carbonization of zeolitic imidazolate framework8 under a water stream atmosphere. A variety ... 
Attractors of a randomly forced electronic oscillator
(Elsevier, 1999)This paper examines an electronic oscillator forced by a pseudorandom noise signal. We give evidence of the existence of one or more random attractors for the system depending on noise amplitude and system parameters. ... 
Bacterial secretion and the role of diffusive and subdiffusive first passage processes
(Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2012)By funneling protein effectors through needle complexes located on the cellular membrane, bacteria are able to infect host cells during type III secretion events. The spatiotemporal mechanisms through which these events ... 
The Bayesian Decision Tree Technique with a Sweeping Strategy
(2004)The uncertainty of classification outcomes is of crucial importance for many safety critical applications including, for example, medical diagnostics. In such applications the uncertainty of classification can be reliably ... 
A Bayesian framework for verification and recalibration of ensemble forecasts: How uncertain is NAO predictability?
(arXiv.org, 20150408)Predictability estimates of ensemble prediction systems are uncertain due to limited numbers of past forecasts and observations. To account for such uncertainty, this paper proposes a Bayesian inferential framework that ... 
Bayesian history matching of complex infectious disease models using emulation: a tutorial and a case study on HIV in Uganda
(Public Library of Science, 201501)Advances in scientific computing have allowed the development of complex models that are being routinely applied to problems in disease epidemiology, public health and decision making. The utility of these models depends ... 
Bayesian inductively learned modules for safety critical systems
(Interface Foundation of North America, Inc., 2003)This work examines the use of Bayesian inductively learned software modules for safety critical systems. Central to the safety critical application is the desire to generate confidence measures associated with predictions. ... 
Bayesian model choice in cumulative link ordinal regression models
(International Society for Bayesian Analysis (ISBA), 20150128)The use of the proportional odds (PO) model for ordinal regression is ubiquitous in the literature. If the assumption of parallel lines does not hold for the data, then an alternative is to specify a nonproportional odds ... 
A biascorrected decomposition of the Brier score
(Royal Meteorological Society, 2012)The Brier score is a widely used measure of performance for probabilistic forecasts of event occurrences and is often decomposed additively into three terms that quantify the reliability and resolution of the forecasts and ... 
Biclustering models for structured microarray data
(IEEE, 2005)Microarrays have become a standard tool for investigating gene function and more complex microarray experiments are increasingly being conducted. For example, an experiment may involve samples from several groups or may ... 
Bidirectional transport and pulsing states in a multilane ASEP model
(IOP Publishing, 2011)In this paper, we introduce an ASEPlike transport model for bidirectional motion of particles on a multilane lattice. The model is motivated by {\em in vivo} experiments on organelle motility along a microtubule (MT), ... 
Bifurcation Analysis of a TwoCompartment Hippocampal Pyramidal Cell Model
(Springer Verlag, 2016)The PinskyRinzel model is a nonsmooth 2compartmental CA3 pyramidal cell model that has been used widely within the field of neuroscience. Here we propose a modified (smooth) system that captures the qualitative behaviour ... 
Bifurcation analysis of delayinduced resonances of the ElNiño Southern Oscillation.
(Royal Society, 2014)Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops ... 
Bifurcation to heteroclinic cycles and sensitivity in three and four coupled phase oscillators
(Elsevier, 2008)We study the bifurcation and dynamical behaviour of the system of N globally coupled identical phase oscillators introduced by Hansel, Mato and Meunier, in the cases N=3 and N=4. This model has been found to exhibit robust ... 
Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: A model sensitivity study
(European Geosciences Union, 20150310)© Author(s) 2015. The HadGEM2 earth system climate model was used to assess the impact of biomass burning on surface ozone concentrations over the Amazon forest and its impact on vegetation, under presentday climate ... 
Bistability in feedback circuits as a byproduct of evolution of evolvability
(2012)Noisy bistable dynamics in gene regulation can underlie stochastic switching and is demonstrated to be beneficial under fluctuating environments. It is not known, however, if fluctuating selection alone can result in ... 
Blowout bifurcation in a system of coupled chaotic lasers
(American Physical Society, 1998)We show that loss of synchronization of two identical coupled chaotic class B lasers can occur via a blowout bifurcation. This occurs when a transverse Lyapunov exponent governing the stability of a synchronized subspace ... 
Bounded real and positive real balanced truncation for infinitedimensional systems
(American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013)Bounded real balanced truncation for infinitedimensional systems is considered. This provides reduced order finitedimensional systems that retain bounded realness. We obtain an error bound analogous to the finitedimensional ...