Now showing items 317-336 of 765

  • Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health 

    Watts, N; Adger, WN; Agnolucci, P; Blackstock, J; Byass, P; Cai, W; Chaytor, S; Colbourn, T; Collins, M; Cooper, A; Cox, PM; Depledge, J; Drummond, P; Ekins, P; Galaz, V; Grace, D; Graham, H; Grubb, M; Haines, A; Hamilton, I; Hunter, A; Jiang, X; Li, M; Kelman, I; Liang, L; Lott, M; Lowe, R; Luo, Y; Mace, G; Maslin, M; Nilsson, M; Oreszczyn, T; Pye, S; Quinn, T; Svensdotter, M; Venevsky, S; Warner, K; Xu, B; Yang, J; Yin, Y; Yu, C; Zhang, Q; Gong, P; Montgomery, H; Costello, A (Elsevier, 2015-06-24)
    The 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change has been formed to map out the impacts of climate change, and the necessary policy responses, in order to ensure the highest attainable standards of health for ...
  • The health benefits of urban nature: how much do we need? 

    Shanahan, DF; Fuller, RA; Bush, R; Lin, BB; Gaston, Kevin J. (Oxford University Press (OUP):, 2015-04-08)
    Over 30 years of research has shown that urban nature is a promising tool for enhancing the physical, psychological and social wellbeing of the world’s growing urban population. However, little is known about the type and ...
  • Height-diameter allometry of tropical forest trees 

    Feldpausch, T.R.; Banin, L; Phillips, OL; Baker, Tim; Lewis, Simon L.; Quesada, CA; Affum-Baffoe, K; Arets, Eric; Berry, NJ; Bird, Michael I.; Brondizio, Eduardo; de Camargo, Plínio Barbosa; Chave, J; Djagbletey, G; Domingues, T.F.; Drescher, M; Fearnside, PM; França, MB; Fyllas, N.M.; Lopez-Gonzalez, G; Hladik, A; Higuchi, N; Hunter, MO; Iida, Y; Salim, KA; Kassim, AR; Keller, M; Kemp, J; King, DA; Lovett, JC; Marimon, BS; Marimon-Junior, BH; Lenza, E; Marshall, AR; Metcalfe, Daniel; Mitchard, ETA; Moran, EF; Nelson, BW; Nilus, R; Nogueira, EM; Palace, M; Patiño, S; Peh, KS-H; Raventos, MT; Reitsma, JM; Saiz, G.; Schrodt, F.; Sonké, B; Taedoumg, HE; Tan, S; White, L; Wöll, H; Lloyd, J (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2011)
    Tropical tree height-diameter (H:D) relationships may vary by forest type and region making large-scale estimates of above-ground biomass subject to bias if they ignore these differences in stem allometry. We have therefore ...
  • ‘Helping People Make Better Choices’: exploring the behaviour change agenda for environmental sustainability 

    Barr, Stewart; Gilg, Andrew; Shaw, Gareth (Elsevier, 2011)
    This paper examines the emergence of market-orientated approaches to public participation in environmental issues through an exploration of recent empirical research into ‘sustainable lifestyles’ as a practical tool for ...
  • Heritage Futures 

    Harrison, R; Bartolini, N; DeSilvey, C; Holtorf, C; Lyons, A; Macdonald, S; May, S; Morgan, J; Penrose, S (Ubiquity Press, 2016-12-12)
    Introduction Heritage Futures is a four-year collaborative international research programme (2015–2019) funded by a UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) ‘Care for the Future’ Theme Large Grant, and supported ...
  • Heritage pasts and heritage presents: temporality, meaning and the scope of heritage studies 

    Harvey, David (Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), 2001)
    With the apparent focus of work carried out by the heritage 'community' very much directed towards heritage practices in the present, the potential historical scope for the discipline as a whole, becomes ever-more temporally ...
  • High chance that current atmospheric greenhouse concentrations commit to warmings greater than 1.5 °C over land 

    Huntingford, C; Mercado, LM (Springer Nature, 2016-07-27)
    The recent Paris UNFCCC climate meeting discussed the possibility of limiting global warming to 2 °C since pre-industrial times, or possibly even 1.5 °C, which would require major future emissions reductions. However, even ...
  • High potential for weathering and climate effects of non-vascular vegetation in the Late Ordovician 

    Porada, P; Lenton, TM; Pohl, A; Weber, B; Mander, L; Donnadieu, Y; Beer, C; Pöschl, U; Kleidon, A (Springer Nature, 2016-07-07)
    It has been hypothesized that predecessors of today's bryophytes significantly increased global chemical weathering in the Late Ordovician, thus reducing atmospheric CO2 concentration and contributing to climate cooling ...
  • High-resolution sub-ice-shelf seafloor records of 20th-century ungrounding and retreat of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica 

    Davies, D; Bingham, RG; Graham, AGC; Spagnolo, M; Dutrieux, P; Vaughan, DG; Jenkins, A; Nitsche, FO (American Geophysical Union, 2017-08-11)
    Pine Island Glacier Ice-Shelf (PIGIS) has been thinning rapidly over recent decades, resulting in a progressive drawdown of the inland ice and an upstream migration of the grounding line. The resultant ice loss from Pine ...
  • Higher yields and lower methane emissions with new rice cultivars 

    Jiang, Y; van Groenigen, KJ; Huang, S; Hungate, BA; van Kessel, C; Hu, S; Zhang, J; Wu, L; Yan, X; Wang, L; Chen, J; Hang, X; Zhang, Y; Horwath, WR; Ye, R; Linquist, BA; Song, Z; Zheng, C; Deng, A; Zhang, W (Wiley, 2017-05-02)
    Breeding high-yielding rice cultivars through increasing biomass is a key strategy to meet rising global food demands. Yet, increasing rice growth can stimulate methane (CH4 ) emissions, exacerbating global climate change, ...
  • Highly contrasting effects of different climate forcing agents on terrestrial ecosystem services 

    Huntingford, C; Cox, Peter M.; Mercado, LM; Sitch, S; Bellouin, N; Boucher, O; Gedney, Nicola (Royal Society, 2011-05-28)
    Many atmospheric constituents besides carbon dioxide (CO(2)) contribute to global warming, and it is common to compare their influence on climate in terms of radiative forcing, which measures their impact on the planetary ...
  • Historical influences on the current provision of multiple ecosystem services 

    Dallimer, Martin; Davies, Zoe G.; Diaz-Porras, DF; Irvine, KN; Maltby, L; Warren, PH; Armsworth, PR; Gaston, Kevin J. (Elsevier, 2015-03)
    Ecosystem service provision varies temporally in response to natural and human-induced factors, yet research in this field is dominated by analyses that ignore the time-lags and feedbacks that occur within socio-ecological ...
  • Historical institutionalism and the politics of sustainable energy transitions: A research agenda 

    Lockwood, M; Kuzemko, C; Mitchell, C; Hoggett, R (SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2016-07-22)
    Improving the understanding of the politics of sustainable energy transitions has become a major focus for research. This paper builds on recent interest in institutionalist approaches to consider in some depth the agenda ...
  • The history of heritage 

    Harvey, David (Ashgate Publishing, 2008)
  • Holocene fire history: can evidence of peat burning be found in the palaeo-archive? 

    New, SL; Belcher, C; Hudspith, VA; Gallego-Sala, AV (International Peatland Society (IPS) and the International Mire Conservation Group (IMCG)., 2016-12-06)
    Smouldering wildfires in peatlands have the potential to release substantial amounts of the carbon currently sequestered in these ecosystems. However, past studies of Holocene fire history in peatlands have given little ...
  • Holocene land-sea climatic links on the equatorial Pacific coast (Bay of Guayaquil, Ecuador) 

    Urrego, D.H.; Seilles, Brice; Sanchez Goni, M.F.; Ledru, Marie Pierre; Martinez, Philippe; Hanquiez, V.; Schneider, Ralph (SAGE Publications, 2015-10-27)
    We analyzed the pollen content of a marine core located near the bay of Guayaquil in Ecuador to document the link between sea surface temperatures (SST) and changes in rainfall regimes on the adjacent continent during the ...
  • Human activity was a major driver of the mid-Holocene vegetation change in southern Cumbria: Implications for the elm decline in the British Isles 

    Grosvenor, MJ; Jones, RT; Turney, CSM; Charman, DJ; Hogg, AG; Coward, D; Willson, R (Wiley for Quaternary Research Association, 2017-09-06)
    The dramatic decline in elm (Ulmus) across a large swathe of north-west Europe in the mid-Holocene has been ascribed to a number of possible factors, including climate change, human activity and/or pathogens. A major ...
  • Human Security 

    Adger, WN; Pulhin, JM; Barnett, J; Dabelko, GD; Hovelsrud, GK; Levy, M; Oswald Spring, U; Vogel, CH (Cambridge University Press, 2014-12)
  • Hyperdominance in Amazonian forest carbon cycling 

    Fauset, S; Johnson, Michelle O.; Gloor, M; Baker, Tim; Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel; Brienen, Roel J.W.; Feldpausch, T.R.; Lopez-Gonzalez, G; Malhi, Y; ter Steege, H; Pitman, Nigel C.A.; Baraloto, C; Engel, J; Petronelli, Pascal; Andrade, A; Camargo, JL; Laurance, Susan G.W.; Laurance, William F.; Chave, J; Allie, Elodie; Vargas, Percy Nunez; Terborgh, J; Ruokolainen, Kalle; Silveira, M; Aymard C., Gerardo A.; Arroyo, L; Bonal, D; Ramirez-Angulo, H; Araujo-Murakami, A; Neill, D; Hérault, B; Dourdain, Aurelie; Torres-Lezama, A; Marimon, BS; Salomão, RP; Comiskey, JA; Réjou-Méchain, Maxime; Toledo, M; Licona, Juan Carlos; Alarcón, Alfredo; Prieto, A; Rudas, A; van der Meer, Peter J.; Killeen, TJ; Marimon-Junior, BH; Poorter, L; Boot, RG; Stergios, Basil; Torre, Emilio Vilanova; Costa, Flavia R.C.; Levis, C; Schietti, J; Souza, Priscilla; Groot, N; Arets, Eric; Moscoso, Victor Chama; Castro, Wendeson; Coronado, Euridice N. Honorio; Peña-Claros, M; Stahl, Clement; Barroso, J; Talbot, J; Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães; van der Heijden, Geertje; Thomas, R; Vos, VA; Almeida, Everton C.; Davila, Esteban Alvarez; Aragao, Luiz; Erwin, TL; Morandi, Paolo S.; de Oliveira, Edmar Almeida; Valadao, Marco B.X.; Zagt, RJ; van der Hout, P; Loayza, Patricia Alvarez; Pipoly, John J.; Wang, O; Alexiades, M; Cerón, CE; Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Isau; Di Fiore, A; Peacock, J; Camacho, Nadir C. Pallqui; Umetsu, RK; de Camargo, Plínio Barbosa; Burnham, Robyn J.; Herrera, Rafael; Quesada, CA; Stropp, J; Vieira, SA; Steininger, Marc K.; Rodríguez, Carlos Reynel; Restrepo, Z; Muelbert, Adriane Esquivel; Lewis, Simon L.; Pickavance, Georgia C.; Phillips, OL (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07-15)
    While Amazonian forests are extraordinarily diverse, the abundance of trees is skewed strongly towards relatively few 'hyperdominant' species. In addition to their diversity, Amazonian trees are a key component of the ...