Now showing items 35-54 of 1346

  • Animating the Carbon Cycle 

    Schmitz, OJ; Raymond, PA; Estes, JA; Kurz, WA; Holtgrieve, GW; Ritchie, ME; Schindler, DE; Spivak, AC; Wilson, RW; Bradford, MA; Christensen, V; Deegan, L; Smetacek, V; Vanni, MJ; Wilmers, CC (Springer Verlag, 2013-09-19)
    Understanding the biogeochemical processes regulating carbon cycling is central to mitigating atmospheric CO2 emissions. The role of living organisms has been accounted for, but the focus has traditionally been on contributions ...
  • Anisotropic diffusion of spherical particles in closely confining microchannels 

    Dettmer, SL; Pagliara, S; Misiunas, K; Keyser, UF (American Physical Society, 2014-06)
    We present here the measurement of the diffusivity of spherical particles closely confined by narrow microchannels. Our experiments yield a two-dimensional map of the position-dependent diffusion coefficients parallel and ...
  • Annual Variation in Sterol Levels in Leaves of Taraxacum officinale Weber 1 

    Westerman, Lynne; Roddick, James G. (1981-10)
    Sterol levels in dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber) leaves were monitored over a period of 19 months. Sitosterol was the most abundant free sterol, followed by stigmasterol, then campesterol. Cholesterol could not be ...
  • Anthropogenic noise compromises antipredator behaviour in European eels. 

    Simpson, SD; Purser, J; Radford, AN (Wiley, 2014-08-06)
    Increases in noise-generating human activities since the Industrial Revolution have changed the acoustic landscape of many terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Anthropogenic noise is now recognized as a major pollutant of ...
  • Anthropogenic noise increases fish mortality by predation 

    Simpson, SD; Radford, AN; Nedelec, SL; Ferrari, MCO; Chivers, DP; McCormick, MI; Meekan, MG (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-02-05)
    Noise-generating human activities affect hearing, communication and movement in terrestrial and aquatic animals, but direct evidence for impacts on survival is rare. We examined effects of motorboat noise on post-settlement ...
  • Anthropogenic noise playback impairs embryonic development and increases mortality in a marine invertebrate. 

    Nedelec, SL; Radford, AN; Simpson, SD; Nedelec, B; Lecchini, D; Mills, SC (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07-31)
    Human activities can create noise pollution and there is increasing international concern about how this may impact wildlife. There is evidence that anthropogenic noise may have detrimental effects on behaviour and physiology ...
  • Antibiotic Cycling and Antibiotic Mixing: which one best mitigates antibiotic resistance? 

    Beardmore, RE; Pena-Miller, R; Gori, F; Iredell, J (Oxford University Press, 2017-01-17)
    Can we exploit our burgeoning understanding of molecular evolution to slow the progress of drug resistance? One role of an infection clinician is exactly that: to foresee trajectories to resistance during antibiotic treatment ...
  • Antibiotic cycling versus mixing: the difficulty of using mathematical models to definitively quantify their relative merits. 

    Pena-Miller, R; Beardmore, Robert (American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2010-10)
    We ask the question Which antibiotic deployment protocols select best against drug-resistant microbes: mixing or periodic cycling? and demonstrate that the statistical distribution of the performances of both sets of ...
  • Antioxidant supplementation during early development reduces parasite load but does not affect sexual ornament expression in adult ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus 

    Orledge, JM; Blount, Jonathan D.; Hoodless, AN; Royle, NJ (Wiley/ British Ecological Society, 2012-03-12)
    1. The ‘parasite-mediated sexual selection’ (PMSS) hypothesis predicts that exaggerated male ornamentation could provide a signal to females of a males ability to resist parasites. Empirical tests of the PMSS have been ...
  • AP39, a novel mitochondria-targeted hydrogen sulfide donor, stimulates cellular bioenergetics, exerts cytoprotective effects and protects against the loss of mitochondrial DNA integrity in oxidatively stressed endothelial cells in vitro. 

    Szczesny, B; Módis, K; Yanagi, K; Coletta, C; Le Trionnaire, S; Perry, A; Wood, ME; Whiteman, M; Szabo, C (Elsevier, 2014-04-19)
    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of the recently synthesized mitochondrially-targeted H2S donor, AP39 [(10-oxo-10-(4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2-dithiol-5yl)phenoxy)decyl) triphenylphosphonium bromide], ...
  • Application of nitrogen and carbon stable isotopes (δ(15)N and δ(13)C) to quantify food chain length and trophic structure 

    Perkins, MJ; McDonald, RA; van Veen, FJ; Kelly, SD; Rees, G; Bearhop, S (Public Library of Science, 2014)
    Increasingly, stable isotope ratios of nitrogen (δ(15)N) and carbon (δ(13)C) are used to quantify trophic structure, though relatively few studies have tested accuracy of isotopic structural measures. For laboratory-raised ...
  • The application of statistical network models in disease research 

    Silk, MJ; Croft, DP; Delahay, RJ; Hodgson, DJ; Weber, N; Boots, M; McDonald, RA (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-18)
    Host social structure is fundamental to how infections spread and persist, and so the statistical modelling of static and dynamic social networks provides an invaluable tool to parameterise realistic epidemiological models. ...
  • Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts 

    Littlechild, JA (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015-08-19)
    Archaeal enzymes are playing an important role in industrial biotechnology. Many representatives of organisms living in “extreme” conditions, the so-called Extremophiles, belong to the archaeal kingdom of life. This paper ...
  • Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies 

    Mills, JA; Teplitsky, C; Arroyo, B; Charmantier, A; Becker, PH; Birkhead, TR; Bize, P; Blumstein, DT; Bonenfant, C; Boutin, S; Bushuev, A; Cam, E; Cockburn, A; Côté, SD; Coulson, JC; Daunt, F; Dingemanse, NJ; Doligez, B; Drummond, H; Espie, RH; Festa-Bianchet, M; Frentiu, F; Fitzpatrick, JW; Furness, RW; Garant, D; Gauthier, G; Grant, PR; Griesser, M; Gustafsson, L; Hansson, B; Harris, MP; Jiguet, F; Kjellander, P; Korpimäki, E; Krebs, CJ; Lens, L; Linnell, JD; Low, M; McAdam, A; Margalida, A; Merilä, J; Møller, AP; Nakagawa, S; Nilsson, JÅ; Nisbet, IC; van Noordwijk, AJ; Oro, D; Pärt, T; Pelletier, F; Potti, J; Pujol, B; Réale, D; Rockwell, RF; Ropert-Coudert, Y; Roulin, A; Sedinger, JS; Swenson, JE; Thébaud, C; Visser, ME; Wanless, S; Westneat, DF; Wilson, Alastair J.; Zedrosser, A (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2015-10)
    The recent trend for journals to require open access to primary data included in publications has been embraced by many biologists, but has caused apprehension amongst researchers engaged in long-term ecological and ...
  • Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness 

    Davies, Thomas W.; Bennie, Jonathan; Inger, Richard; Gaston, Kevin J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013)
    Artificial light is globally one of the most widely distributed forms of anthropogenic pollution. However, while both the nature and ecological effects of direct artificial lighting are increasingly well documented, those ...
  • Artificial night-time light alters trophic interactions of intertidal invertebrates 

    Underwood, CN; Davies, TW; Queirós, AM (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-27)
    Summary 1. Despite being globally widespread in coastal regions, the impacts of light pollution on intertidal ecosystems has received little attention. Intertidal species exhibit many night-time dependent ecological ...
  • Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics 

    Sanders, D; Kehoe, R; Tiley, K; Bennie, J; Cruse, D; Davies, TW; Frank van Veen, FJ; Gaston, KJ (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-10-16)
    Artificial light at night (ALAN) is recognized as a widespread and increasingly important anthropogenic environmental pressure on wild species and their interactions. Understanding of how these impacts translate into changes ...
  • Artificial selection reveals the energetic expense of producing larger eggs 

    Pick, JL; Hutter, P; Ebneter, C; Ziegler, A-K; Giordano, M; Tschirren, B (BioMed Central / Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft, 2016-08-23)
    BACKGROUND: The amount of resources provided by the mother before birth has important and long-lasting effects on offspring fitness. Despite this, there is a large amount of variation in maternal investment seen in natural ...
  • Artificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extent 

    Kyba, CCM; Kuester, T; Sanchez de Miguel, A; Baugh, K; Jechow, A; Holker, F; Bennie, J; Elvidge, CD; Gaston, KJ; Guanter, L; Gaston, KJ (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017)
  • Ascorbate deficiency influences the leaf cell wall glycoproteome in Arabidopsis thaliana 

    Sultana, N; Florance, Hannah; Johns, A; Smirnoff, Nicholas (Wiley, 2014-01-06)
    The cell wall forms the first line of interaction between the plant and the external environment. Based on the observation that ascorbate-deficient vtc mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana have increased cell wall peroxidase ...