Now showing items 46-65 of 1375

  • The application of statistical network models in disease research 

    Silk, MJ; Croft, DP; Delahay, RJ; Hodgson, DJ; Weber, N; Boots, M; McDonald, RA (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-18)
    Host social structure is fundamental to how infections spread and persist, and so the statistical modelling of static and dynamic social networks provides an invaluable tool to parameterise realistic epidemiological models. ...
  • Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts 

    Littlechild, JA (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015-08-19)
    Archaeal enzymes are playing an important role in industrial biotechnology. Many representatives of organisms living in “extreme” conditions, the so-called Extremophiles, belong to the archaeal kingdom of life. This paper ...
  • Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies 

    Mills, JA; Teplitsky, C; Arroyo, B; Charmantier, A; Becker, PH; Birkhead, TR; Bize, P; Blumstein, DT; Bonenfant, C; Boutin, S; Bushuev, A; Cam, E; Cockburn, A; Côté, SD; Coulson, JC; Daunt, F; Dingemanse, NJ; Doligez, B; Drummond, H; Espie, RH; Festa-Bianchet, M; Frentiu, F; Fitzpatrick, JW; Furness, RW; Garant, D; Gauthier, G; Grant, PR; Griesser, M; Gustafsson, L; Hansson, B; Harris, MP; Jiguet, F; Kjellander, P; Korpimäki, E; Krebs, CJ; Lens, L; Linnell, JD; Low, M; McAdam, A; Margalida, A; Merilä, J; Møller, AP; Nakagawa, S; Nilsson, JÅ; Nisbet, IC; van Noordwijk, AJ; Oro, D; Pärt, T; Pelletier, F; Potti, J; Pujol, B; Réale, D; Rockwell, RF; Ropert-Coudert, Y; Roulin, A; Sedinger, JS; Swenson, JE; Thébaud, C; Visser, ME; Wanless, S; Westneat, DF; Wilson, Alastair J.; Zedrosser, A (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2015-10)
    The recent trend for journals to require open access to primary data included in publications has been embraced by many biologists, but has caused apprehension amongst researchers engaged in long-term ecological and ...
  • Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness 

    Davies, Thomas W.; Bennie, Jonathan; Inger, Richard; Gaston, Kevin J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013)
    Artificial light is globally one of the most widely distributed forms of anthropogenic pollution. However, while both the nature and ecological effects of direct artificial lighting are increasingly well documented, those ...
  • Artificial night-time light alters trophic interactions of intertidal invertebrates 

    Underwood, CN; Davies, TW; Queirós, AM (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-27)
    Summary 1. Despite being globally widespread in coastal regions, the impacts of light pollution on intertidal ecosystems has received little attention. Intertidal species exhibit many night-time dependent ecological ...
  • Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics 

    Sanders, D; Kehoe, R; Tiley, K; Bennie, J; Cruse, D; Davies, TW; Frank van Veen, FJ; Gaston, KJ (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-10-16)
    Artificial light at night (ALAN) is recognized as a widespread and increasingly important anthropogenic environmental pressure on wild species and their interactions. Understanding of how these impacts translate into changes ...
  • Artificial selection reveals the energetic expense of producing larger eggs 

    Pick, JL; Hutter, P; Ebneter, C; Ziegler, A-K; Giordano, M; Tschirren, B (BioMed Central / Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft, 2016-08-23)
    BACKGROUND: The amount of resources provided by the mother before birth has important and long-lasting effects on offspring fitness. Despite this, there is a large amount of variation in maternal investment seen in natural ...
  • Artificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extent 

    Kyba, CCM; Kuester, T; Sanchez de Miguel, A; Baugh, K; Jechow, A; Holker, F; Bennie, J; Elvidge, CD; Gaston, KJ; Guanter, L; Gaston, KJ (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017-11-22)
    A central aim of the “lighting revolution” (the transition to solid-state lighting technology) is decreased energy consumption. This could be undermined by a rebound effect of increased use in response to lowered cost of ...
  • Ascorbate deficiency influences the leaf cell wall glycoproteome in Arabidopsis thaliana 

    Sultana, N; Florance, Hannah; Johns, A; Smirnoff, Nicholas (Wiley, 2014-01-06)
    The cell wall forms the first line of interaction between the plant and the external environment. Based on the observation that ascorbate-deficient vtc mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana have increased cell wall peroxidase ...
  • Ascorbate-Deficient vtc2 Mutants in Arabidopsis Do Not Exhibit Decreased Growth 

    Lim, B; Smirnoff, N; Cobbett, CS; Goltz, JF (Frontiers Media, 2016-07-13)
    In higher plants the L-galactose pathway represents the major route for ascorbate biosynthesis. The first committed step of this pathway is catalyzed by the enzyme GDP-L-galactose phosphorylase and is encoded by two paralogs ...
  • Ascorbic Acid Metabolism in Pea Seedlings. A Comparison of d-Glucosone, l-Sorbosone, and l-Galactono-1,4-Lactone as Ascorbate Precursors1 

    Pallanca, Jane E.; Smirnoff, Nicholas (American Society of Plant Physiologists, 1999-06)
  • Assessing effects of increased noise levels on fish behaviour 

    Voellmy, IK; Purser, J; Simpson, SD; Radford, AN (EIMR/Tethys/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), 2014)
    Man-made noise can affect physiology and behaviour of animals of all taxa, including fish. However, there is not much known about effects of increased noise levels on anti-predator and foraging behaviour, which are both ...
  • Assessing the accuracy of quantitative molecular microbial profiling 

    O'Sullivan, DM; Laver, T; Temisak, S; Redshaw, N; Harris, KA; Foy, CA; Studholme, DJ; Huggett, JF (MDPI, 2014-11-21)
    The application of high-throughput sequencing in profiling microbial communities is providing an unprecedented ability to investigate microbiomes. Such studies typically apply one of two methods: amplicon sequencing using ...
  • Assessing the performance of the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION 

    Laver, T; Harrison, J; O'Neill, PA; Moore, K; Farbos, A; Paszkiewicz, K; Studholme, David J. (Elsevier, 2015-03-01)
    The Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) MinION is a new sequencing technology that potentially offers read lengths of tens of kilobases (kb) limited only by the length of DNA molecules presented to it. The device has a low ...
  • Assessing the small-scale shark fishery of Madagascar through community-based monitoring and knowledge 

    Humber, F; Andriamahaino, ET; Beriziny, T; Botosoamananto, R; Godley, BJ; Gough, C; Pedron, S; Ramahery, V; Broderick, AC (Elsevier, 2016-08-30)
    Over 90% of those employed in commercial capture fisheries work in the small-scale fisheries (SSF) sector and an estimated 97% of small scale fishers are found in least developed countries. However, the capacity for ...
  • Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity 

    Moreno, R; Stowasser, G; McGill, RA; Bearhop, S; Phillips, RA (Wiley, 2016-01)
    Understanding interspecific interactions, and the influences of anthropogenic disturbance and environmental change on communities, are key challenges in ecology. Despite the pressing need to understand these fundamental ...
  • Assessing variation in the potential susceptibility of fish to pharmaceuticals, considering evolutionary differences in their physiology and ecology 

    Brown, A. Ross; Gunnarsson, Lina; Kristiansson, Eric; Tyler, Charles R. (Royal Society, 2014-10-13)
    Fish represent the planet's most diverse group of vertebrates and they can be exposed to a wide range of pharmaceuticals. For practical reasons, extrapolation of pharmaceutical effects from 'model' species to other fish ...
  • Association between serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and thyroid disease in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. 

    Melzer, D; Rice, N; Depledge, MH; Henley, William E.; Galloway, Tamara S. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2010-05)
    Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, also known as C8) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are stable compounds with many industrial and consumer uses. Their persistence in the environment plus toxicity in animal models has ...
  • Association of urinary bisphenol a concentration with heart disease: evidence from NHANES 2003/06. 

    Melzer, D; Rice, NE; Lewis, C; Henley, William E.; Galloway, Tamara S. (Public Library of Science, 2010)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high production volume chemical widely used in food and drinks packaging. Associations have previously been reported between urinary BPA concentrations and heart disease, diabetes and liver enzymes ...
  • Asymmetric constraints on limits to species ranges influence consumer-resource richness over an environmental gradient 

    Gutierrez, D; Vila, R; Wilson, RJ (Wiley: 12 months, 2016-09-21)
    ABSTRACT Aim There is little consensus about the relative roles of biotic versus abiotic factors in setting limits to species distributions or in generating geographical patterns of species richness. However, despite the ...