Now showing items 57-76 of 1645

  • Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies 

    Mills, JA; Teplitsky, C; Arroyo, B; Charmantier, A; Becker, PH; Birkhead, TR; Bize, P; Blumstein, DT; Bonenfant, C; Boutin, S; Bushuev, A; Cam, E; Cockburn, A; Côté, SD; Coulson, JC; Daunt, F; Dingemanse, NJ; Doligez, B; Drummond, H; Espie, RH; Festa-Bianchet, M; Frentiu, F; Fitzpatrick, JW; Furness, RW; Garant, D; Gauthier, G; Grant, PR; Griesser, M; Gustafsson, L; Hansson, B; Harris, MP; Jiguet, F; Kjellander, P; Korpimäki, E; Krebs, CJ; Lens, L; Linnell, JD; Low, M; McAdam, A; Margalida, A; Merilä, J; Møller, AP; Nakagawa, S; Nilsson, JÅ; Nisbet, IC; van Noordwijk, AJ; Oro, D; Pärt, T; Pelletier, F; Potti, J; Pujol, B; Réale, D; Rockwell, RF; Ropert-Coudert, Y; Roulin, A; Sedinger, JS; Swenson, JE; Thébaud, C; Visser, ME; Wanless, S; Westneat, DF; Wilson, Alastair J.; Zedrosser, A (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2015-10)
    The recent trend for journals to require open access to primary data included in publications has been embraced by many biologists, but has caused apprehension amongst researchers engaged in long-term ecological and ...
  • Are parasites ''prudent'' in space? 

    Lion, S; Boots, M (Wiley / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 2010-08-18)
    There has been a renewed controversy on the processes that determine evolution in spatially structured populations. Recent theoretical and empirical studies have suggested that parasites should be expected to be more ...
  • Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness 

    Davies, Thomas W.; Bennie, Jonathan; Inger, Richard; Gaston, Kevin J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013)
    Artificial light is globally one of the most widely distributed forms of anthropogenic pollution. However, while both the nature and ecological effects of direct artificial lighting are increasingly well documented, those ...
  • Artificial light at night alters grassland vegetation species composition and phenology (journal article) 

    Bennie, J; Davies, TW; Cruse, D; Bell, F; Gaston, KJ (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-28)
    Human settlements and transport networks are growing rapidly worldwide. Since the early 20th century their expansion has been accompanied by increasing illumination of the environment at night, a trend that is likely to ...
  • Artificial night-time light alters trophic interactions of intertidal invertebrates 

    Underwood, CN; Davies, TW; Queirós, AM (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-04-27)
    Summary 1. Despite being globally widespread in coastal regions, the impacts of light pollution on intertidal ecosystems has received little attention. Intertidal species exhibit many night-time dependent ecological ...
  • Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics 

    Sanders, D; Kehoe, R; Tiley, K; Bennie, J; Cruse, D; Davies, TW; Frank van Veen, FJ; Gaston, KJ (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-10-16)
    Artificial light at night (ALAN) is recognized as a widespread and increasingly important anthropogenic environmental pressure on wild species and their interactions. Understanding of how these impacts translate into changes ...
  • Artificial selection reveals the energetic expense of producing larger eggs 

    Pick, JL; Hutter, P; Ebneter, C; Ziegler, A-K; Giordano, M; Tschirren, B (BioMed Central / Deutsche Zoologische Gesellschaft, 2016-08-23)
    BACKGROUND: The amount of resources provided by the mother before birth has important and long-lasting effects on offspring fitness. Despite this, there is a large amount of variation in maternal investment seen in natural ...
  • Artificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extent 

    Kyba, CCM; Kuester, T; Sanchez de Miguel, A; Baugh, K; Jechow, A; Holker, F; Bennie, J; Elvidge, CD; Gaston, KJ; Guanter, L; Gaston, KJ (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017-11-22)
    A central aim of the “lighting revolution” (the transition to solid-state lighting technology) is decreased energy consumption. This could be undermined by a rebound effect of increased use in response to lowered cost of ...
  • Ascorbate deficiency influences the leaf cell wall glycoproteome in Arabidopsis thaliana 

    Sultana, N; Florance, Hannah; Johns, A; Smirnoff, Nicholas (Wiley, 2014-01-06)
    The cell wall forms the first line of interaction between the plant and the external environment. Based on the observation that ascorbate-deficient vtc mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana have increased cell wall peroxidase ...
  • Ascorbate-Deficient vtc2 Mutants in Arabidopsis Do Not Exhibit Decreased Growth 

    Lim, B; Smirnoff, N; Cobbett, CS; Goltz, JF (Frontiers Media, 2016-07-13)
    In higher plants the L-galactose pathway represents the major route for ascorbate biosynthesis. The first committed step of this pathway is catalyzed by the enzyme GDP-L-galactose phosphorylase and is encoded by two paralogs ...
  • Ascorbic acid metabolism and functions: a comparison of plants and mammals 

    Smirnoff, N (Elsevier, 2018)
    Ascorbic acid is synthesised by eukaryotes, the known exceptions being primates and some other animal groups which have lost functional gulonolactone oxidase. Prokaryotes do not synthesise ascorbate and do not need an ...
  • Ascorbic Acid Metabolism in Pea Seedlings. A Comparison of d-Glucosone, l-Sorbosone, and l-Galactono-1,4-Lactone as Ascorbate Precursors1 

    Pallanca, Jane E.; Smirnoff, Nicholas (American Society of Plant Physiologists, 1999-06)
  • Assessing connectivity between MPAs: Selecting taxa and translating genetic data to inform policy 

    Jenkins, TL; Stevens, JR (Elsevier, 2018-08-01)
    Connectivity is frequently cited as a vital component of Marine Protected Area (MPA) networks and was formally identified as one of five key principles for marine network design in European waters. Yet, without the ability ...
  • Assessing effects of increased noise levels on fish behaviour 

    Voellmy, IK; Purser, J; Simpson, SD; Radford, AN (EIMR/Tethys/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), 2014)
    Man-made noise can affect physiology and behaviour of animals of all taxa, including fish. However, there is not much known about effects of increased noise levels on anti-predator and foraging behaviour, which are both ...
  • Assessing the accuracy of quantitative molecular microbial profiling 

    O'Sullivan, DM; Laver, T; Temisak, S; Redshaw, N; Harris, KA; Foy, CA; Studholme, DJ; Huggett, JF (MDPI, 2014-11-21)
    The application of high-throughput sequencing in profiling microbial communities is providing an unprecedented ability to investigate microbiomes. Such studies typically apply one of two methods: amplicon sequencing using ...
  • Assessing the performance of the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION 

    Laver, T; Harrison, J; O'Neill, PA; Moore, K; Farbos, A; Paszkiewicz, K; Studholme, David J. (Elsevier, 2015-03-01)
    The Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) MinION is a new sequencing technology that potentially offers read lengths of tens of kilobases (kb) limited only by the length of DNA molecules presented to it. The device has a low ...
  • Assessing the small-scale shark fishery of Madagascar through community-based monitoring and knowledge 

    Humber, F; Andriamahaino, ET; Beriziny, T; Botosoamananto, R; Godley, BJ; Gough, C; Pedron, S; Ramahery, V; Broderick, AC (Elsevier, 2016-08-30)
    Over 90% of those employed in commercial capture fisheries work in the small-scale fisheries (SSF) sector and an estimated 97% of small scale fishers are found in least developed countries. However, the capacity for ...
  • Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity 

    Moreno, R; Stowasser, G; McGill, RA; Bearhop, S; Phillips, RA (Wiley, 2016-01)
    Understanding interspecific interactions, and the influences of anthropogenic disturbance and environmental change on communities, are key challenges in ecology. Despite the pressing need to understand these fundamental ...
  • Assessing variation in the potential susceptibility of fish to pharmaceuticals, considering evolutionary differences in their physiology and ecology 

    Brown, A. Ross; Gunnarsson, Lina; Kristiansson, Eric; Tyler, Charles R. (Royal Society, 2014-10-13)
    Fish represent the planet's most diverse group of vertebrates and they can be exposed to a wide range of pharmaceuticals. For practical reasons, extrapolation of pharmaceutical effects from 'model' species to other fish ...
  • Assessment of molecular detection of anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria in different environmental samples using PCR primers based on 16S rRNA and functional genes 

    Han, P; Klümper, U; Wong, A; Li, M; Lin, J-G; Quan, Z; Denecke, M; Gu, J-D (Springer Verlag, 2017-09-20)
    Eleven published PCR primer sets for detecting genes encoding 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA), hydrazine oxidoreductase (HZO), cytochrome cd1-containing nitrite reductase (NirS), and hydrazine synthase subunit A (HzsA) of anaerobic ...