Now showing items 65-84 of 786

  • Birds Reveal their Personality when Singing 

    Garamszegi, László Zsolt; Eens, Marcel; Török, János; Tregenza, Tom (Public Library of Science, 2008-07-09)
    Background Individual differences in social behaviour may have consequences for mate choice and sexual signalling, because partners should develop preferences for personalities that maximize reproductive output. Here ...
  • Bisphenol A and the risk of cardiometabolic disorders: a systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence. 

    Rancière, F; Lyons, JG; Loh, VH; Botton, J; Galloway, T; Wang, T; Shaw, JE; Magliano, DJ (BioMed Central, 2015-05-31)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to be associated with several chronic metabolic diseases. The aim of the present study was to review the epidemiological literature on the relation between BPA exposure and the risk of ...
  • Bisphenol A causes reproductive toxicity, decreases dnmt1 transcription, and reduces global DNA methylation in breeding zebrafish (Danio rerio). 

    Laing, LV; Viana, J; Dempster, EL; Trznadel, M; Trunkfield, LA; Webster, TM; van Aerle, R; Paull, GC; Wilson, RJ; Mill, J; Santos, EM (Taylor & Francis, 2016-04-27)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a commercially important high production chemical widely used in epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, and is ubiquitous in the environment. Previous studies demonstrated that BPA activates estrogenic ...
  • Bisphenol A exposure is associated with in vivo estrogenic gene expression in adults 

    Melzer, D; Harries, LW; Cipelli, Riccardo; Henley, William E.; Money, C; McCormack, P; Young, A; Guralnik, Jack; Ferrucci, L; Bandinelli, S; Corsi, AM; Galloway, Tamara S. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2011-12)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic estrogen commonly used in polycarbonate plastic and resin-lined food and beverage containers. Exposure of animal and cell models to doses of BPA below the recommended tolerable daily intake ...
  • Boat noise disrupts orientation behaviour in a coral reef fish. 

    Holles, S; Simpson, SD; Radford, AN; Berten, L; Lecchini, D (Inter Research, 2013-06-27)
    Coral reef fish larvae use sound to find suitable habitat during their vital settlement stage. Yet boat noise, which can cause stress and avoidance behaviour, and may cause masking via reduction of perceptual space, is ...
  • A Boolean model of the Pseudomonas syringae hrp regulon predicts a tightly regulated system. 

    MacLean, D; Studholme, DJ (Public Library of Science, 2010-02-15)
    The Type III secretion system (TTSS) is a protein secretion machinery used by certain gram-negative bacterial pathogens of plants and animals to deliver effector molecules to the host and is at the core of the ability to ...
  • Bottom-up effects of a no-take zone on endangered penguin demographics 

    Sherley, Richard Brian; Winker, Henning; Altwegg, Res; van der Lingen, Carl; Votier, SC; Crawford, Robert (Royal Society, 2015-07-08)
    Marine no-take zones can have positive impacts for target species and are increasingly important management tools. However, whether they indirectly benefit higher order predators remains unclear. The endangered African ...
  • A broad distribution of the alternative oxidase in microsporidian parasites 

    Williams, BAP; Elliot, C; Burri, L; Kido, Y; Kita, K; Moore, AL; Keeling, PJ (Public Library of Science, 2010)
    Microsporidia are a group of obligate intracellular parasitic eukaryotes that were considered to be amitochondriate until the recent discovery of highly reduced mitochondrial organelles called mitosomes. Analysis of the ...
  • A Burkholderia pseudomallei macrophage infectivity potentiator-like protein has rapamycin-inhibitable peptidylprolyl isomerase activity and pleiotropic effects on virulence 

    Norville, IH; Harmer, Nicholas; Harding, SV; Fischer, Gunter; Keith, KE; Brown, Katherine A.; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Titball, Richard W. (American Society for Microbiology, 2011-11)
    Macrophage infectivity potentiators (Mips) are a group of virulence factors encoded by pathogenic bacteria such as Legionella, Chlamydia, and Neisseria species. Mips are part of the FK506-binding protein (FKBP) family, ...
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei sequencing identifies genomic clades with distinct recombination, accessory, and epigenetic profiles 

    Nandi, T; Holden, Matthew; Didelot, X; Mehershahi, K; Boddey, J; Beacham, I; Peak, I; Harting, J; Baybayan, P; Guo, Y; Wang, S; How, LC; Sim, B; Essex-Lopresti, AE; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Nelson, M; Smither, S; Ong, C; Aw, LT; Hoon, CH; Michell, S; Studholme, David J.; Titball, Richard W.; Chen, SL; Parkhill, J; Tan, P (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2014-09-18)
    Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of the infectious disease melioidosis. To investigate population diversity, recombination, and horizontal gene transfer in closely related Bp isolates, we performed ...
  • Burying beetle data for Box 1 of Royle et al_Science 

    Royle, NJ; Russell, Andrew; Wilson, Alastair J. (University of Exeter, 2014-07-18)
    Data collected on burying beetles presented in Box 1 of the paper "The evolution of flexible parenting".
  • Burying beetles. 

    Royle, NJ; Hopwood, PE; Head, ML (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2013-10-21)
    What are they? Burying beetles are members of the coleopteran family Silphidae (the carrion beetles) of the genus Nicrophorus. There are approximately 75 species in this Northern hemisphere genus. As for most other silphids, ...
  • Butterfly gene flow goes berserk 

    Ffrench-Constant, RH (BioMed Central, 2016)
    A new study shows that genomic introgression between two Heliconius butterfly species is not solely confined to color pattern loci.
  • Butterfly genome reveals promiscuous exchange of mimicry adaptations among species. 

    Heliconius Genome Consortium (Nature Publishing group, 2012-07-05)
    The evolutionary importance of hybridization and introgression has long been debated. Hybrids are usually rare and unfit, but even infrequent hybridization can aid adaptation by transferring beneficial traits between ...
  • Camouflage predicts survival in ground-nesting birds 

    Troscianko, J; Wilson-Aggarwal, J; Stevens, M; Spottiswoode, CN (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01-29)
    Evading detection by predators is crucial for survival. Camouflage is therefore a widespread adaptation, but despite substantial research effort our understanding of different camouflage strategies has relied predominantly ...
  • Can paternal leakage maintain sexually antagonistic polymorphism in the cytoplasm? 

    Kuijper, B; Lane, N; Pomiankowski, A (Wiley, 2015-02)
    A growing number of studies in multicellular organisms highlight low or moderate frequencies of paternal transmission of cytoplasmic organelles, including both mitochondria and chloroplasts. It is well established ...
  • Can patterns of chromosome inversions in Drosophila pseudoobscura predict polyandry across a geographical cline? 

    Herrera, P; Taylor, Michelle Louise; Skeats, A; Price, TA; Wedell, Nina (Wiley Open Access, 2014-07-10)
    Female multiple mating, known as polyandry, is ubiquitous and occurs in a wide variety of taxa. Polyandry varies greatly from species in which females mate with one or two males in their lifetime to species in which females ...
  • Cardioprotection by H2S donors: nitric oxide-dependent and -independent mechanisms 

    Wood, ME; Chatzianastasiou, A; Bibli, S-I; Andreadou, I; Efentakis, P; Kaludercic, N; Whiteman, M; Di Lisa, F; Daiber, A; Manolopoulos, VG; Szabo, C; Papapetropoulos, A (American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET), 2016)
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  • Carer removal and brood size manipulation: not equivalent to quantify carer impacts on provisioning 

    Liebl, AL; Browning, LE; Russell, AF (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016)
    Experiments designed to quantify the effects of increasing numbers of carers on levels of offspring care are rare in cooperative breeding systems, where offspring are reared by individuals additional to the breeding pair. ...
  • Caribbean-wide decline in carbonate production threatens coral reef growth 

    Perry, Chris T.; Murphy, Gary N.; Kench, Paul S.; Smithers, Scott G.; Edinger, Evan N.; Steneck, Robert S.; Mumby, Peter J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-01-29)
    Global-scale deteriorations in coral reef health have caused major shifts in species composition. One projected consequence is a lowering of reef carbonate production rates, potentially impairing reef growth, compromising ...