Now showing items 72-91 of 864

  • A bird's eye view of discard reforms: bird-borne cameras reveal seabird/fishery interactions. 

    Votier, SC; Bicknell, A; Cox, SL; Scales, KL; Patrick, SC (Public Library of Science, 2013-03-06)
    Commercial capture fisheries produce huge quantities of offal, as well as undersized and unwanted catch in the form of discards. Declines in global catches and legislation to ban discarding will significantly reduce discards, ...
  • Birds Reveal their Personality when Singing 

    Garamszegi, László Zsolt; Eens, Marcel; Török, János; Tregenza, Tom (Public Library of Science, 2008-07-09)
    Background Individual differences in social behaviour may have consequences for mate choice and sexual signalling, because partners should develop preferences for personalities that maximize reproductive output. Here ...
  • Bisphenol A and the risk of cardiometabolic disorders: a systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence. 

    Rancière, F; Lyons, JG; Loh, VH; Botton, J; Galloway, T; Wang, T; Shaw, JE; Magliano, DJ (BioMed Central, 2015-05-31)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to be associated with several chronic metabolic diseases. The aim of the present study was to review the epidemiological literature on the relation between BPA exposure and the risk of ...
  • Bisphenol A causes reproductive toxicity, decreases dnmt1 transcription, and reduces global DNA methylation in breeding zebrafish (Danio rerio). 

    Laing, LV; Viana, J; Dempster, EL; Trznadel, M; Trunkfield, LA; Webster, TM; van Aerle, R; Paull, GC; Wilson, RJ; Mill, J; Santos, EM (Taylor & Francis, 2016-04-27)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a commercially important high production chemical widely used in epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, and is ubiquitous in the environment. Previous studies demonstrated that BPA activates estrogenic ...
  • Bisphenol A exposure is associated with in vivo estrogenic gene expression in adults 

    Melzer, D; Harries, LW; Cipelli, Riccardo; Henley, William E.; Money, C; McCormack, P; Young, A; Guralnik, Jack; Ferrucci, L; Bandinelli, S; Corsi, AM; Galloway, Tamara S. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2011-12)
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic estrogen commonly used in polycarbonate plastic and resin-lined food and beverage containers. Exposure of animal and cell models to doses of BPA below the recommended tolerable daily intake ...
  • Blood thicker than water: kinship, disease prevalence and group size drive divergent patterns of infection risk in a social mammal 

    Benton, CH; Delahay, RJ; Robertson, A; McDonald, RA; Wilson, AJ; Burke, TA; Hodgson, D (Royal Society, 2016-07-27)
    The importance of social- and kin-structuring of populations for the transmission of wildlife disease is widely assumed but poorly described. Social structure can help dilute risks of transmission for group members, and ...
  • BMC Ecology image competition: the winning images. 

    Harold, S; Wong, Y; Baguette, M; Bonsall, MB; Clobert, J; Royle, NJ; Settele, J (BioMed Central, 2013-03-22)
    BMC Ecology announces the winning entries in its inaugural Ecology Image Competition, open to anyone affiliated with a research institute. The competition, which received more than 200 entries from international researchers ...
  • Boat noise disrupts orientation behaviour in a coral reef fish. 

    Holles, S; Simpson, SD; Radford, AN; Berten, L; Lecchini, D (Inter Research, 2013-06-27)
    Coral reef fish larvae use sound to find suitable habitat during their vital settlement stage. Yet boat noise, which can cause stress and avoidance behaviour, and may cause masking via reduction of perceptual space, is ...
  • A Boolean model of the Pseudomonas syringae hrp regulon predicts a tightly regulated system. 

    MacLean, D; Studholme, DJ (Public Library of Science, 2010-02-15)
    The Type III secretion system (TTSS) is a protein secretion machinery used by certain gram-negative bacterial pathogens of plants and animals to deliver effector molecules to the host and is at the core of the ability to ...
  • Bottom-up effects of a no-take zone on endangered penguin demographics 

    Sherley, Richard Brian; Winker, Henning; Altwegg, Res; van der Lingen, Carl; Votier, SC; Crawford, Robert (Royal Society, 2015-07-08)
    Marine no-take zones can have positive impacts for target species and are increasingly important management tools. However, whether they indirectly benefit higher order predators remains unclear. The endangered African ...
  • A broad distribution of the alternative oxidase in microsporidian parasites 

    Williams, BAP; Elliot, C; Burri, L; Kido, Y; Kita, K; Moore, AL; Keeling, PJ (Public Library of Science, 2010)
    Microsporidia are a group of obligate intracellular parasitic eukaryotes that were considered to be amitochondriate until the recent discovery of highly reduced mitochondrial organelles called mitosomes. Analysis of the ...
  • Brood parasitism is linked to egg pattern diversity within and among species of Australian passerines. 

    Medina, I; Troscianko, J; Stevens, M; Langmore, NE (University of Chicago press, 2016-02-03)
    Bird eggs show striking diversity in color and pattern. One explanation for this is that interactions between avian brood parasites and their hosts drive egg phenotype evolution. Brood parasites lay their eggs in the nests ...
  • A Burkholderia pseudomallei macrophage infectivity potentiator-like protein has rapamycin-inhibitable peptidylprolyl isomerase activity and pleiotropic effects on virulence 

    Norville, IH; Harmer, Nicholas; Harding, SV; Fischer, Gunter; Keith, KE; Brown, Katherine A.; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Titball, Richard W. (American Society for Microbiology, 2011-11)
    Macrophage infectivity potentiators (Mips) are a group of virulence factors encoded by pathogenic bacteria such as Legionella, Chlamydia, and Neisseria species. Mips are part of the FK506-binding protein (FKBP) family, ...
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei sequencing identifies genomic clades with distinct recombination, accessory, and epigenetic profiles 

    Nandi, T; Holden, Matthew; Didelot, X; Mehershahi, K; Boddey, J; Beacham, I; Peak, I; Harting, J; Baybayan, P; Guo, Y; Wang, S; How, LC; Sim, B; Essex-Lopresti, AE; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Nelson, M; Smither, S; Ong, C; Aw, LT; Hoon, CH; Michell, S; Studholme, David J.; Titball, Richard W.; Chen, SL; Parkhill, J; Tan, P (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2014-09-18)
    Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of the infectious disease melioidosis. To investigate population diversity, recombination, and horizontal gene transfer in closely related Bp isolates, we performed ...
  • Burying beetle data for Box 1 of Royle et al_Science 

    Royle, NJ; Russell, Andrew; Wilson, Alastair J. (University of Exeter, 2014-07-18)
    Data collected on burying beetles presented in Box 1 of the paper "The evolution of flexible parenting".
  • Burying beetles. 

    Royle, NJ; Hopwood, PE; Head, ML (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2013-10-21)
    What are they? Burying beetles are members of the coleopteran family Silphidae (the carrion beetles) of the genus Nicrophorus. There are approximately 75 species in this Northern hemisphere genus. As for most other silphids, ...
  • Butterfly gene flow goes berserk 

    Ffrench-Constant, RH (BioMed Central, 2016)
    A new study shows that genomic introgression between two Heliconius butterfly species is not solely confined to color pattern loci.
  • Butterfly genome reveals promiscuous exchange of mimicry adaptations among species. 

    Heliconius Genome Consortium (Nature Publishing group, 2012-07-05)
    The evolutionary importance of hybridization and introgression has long been debated. Hybrids are usually rare and unfit, but even infrequent hybridization can aid adaptation by transferring beneficial traits between ...
  • Camera technology for monitoring marine biodiversity and human impact 

    Bicknell, AWJ; Godley, BJ; Sheehan, EV; Votier, SC; Witt, MJ (Ecological Society of America, 2016-10-01)
    Human activities have fundamentally altered the marine environment, creating a need for effective management in one of Earth's most challenging habitats. Remote camera imagery has emerged as an essential tool for monitoring ...
  • Camouflage predicts survival in ground-nesting birds 

    Troscianko, J; Wilson-Aggarwal, J; Stevens, M; Spottiswoode, CN (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01-29)
    Evading detection by predators is crucial for survival. Camouflage is therefore a widespread adaptation, but despite substantial research effort our understanding of different camouflage strategies has relied predominantly ...