Now showing items 34-53 of 866

  • Angular momentum evolution of young low-mass stars and brown dwarfs: observations and theory 

    Bouvier, Jerome; Matt, Sean P.; Mohanty, Subhanjoy; Scholz, Aleks; Stassun, Keivan G.; Zanni, Claudio (University of Arizona Press, 2014)
    This chapter aims at providing the most complete review of both the emerging concepts and the latest observational results regarding the angular momentum evolution of young low-mass stars and brown dwarfs. In the time since ...
  • Anharmonic effects in the thermoelectric properties of PbTe 

    Al-Otaibi, J; Srivastava, G.P. (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-07-28)
    In this work, we investigate the crystal anharmonic effects in the thermoelectric properties of n-type PbTe. The lattice thermal transport coefficient is computed by employing an isotropic continuum model for the dispersion ...
  • Anisotropy, damping and coherence of magnetization dynamics in a 10 µm square Ni81Fe19 element 

    Barman, A.; Kruglyak, V.V.; Hicken, R.J.; Kundrotaite, A.; Rahman, M. (American Institute of Physics, 2003)
    We have studied magnetization precession in a square Ni81Fe19 element, of 10 μm width, by time-resolved scanning Kerr effect microscopy. From the frequency of precession, we deduce a fourfold in-plane anisotropy of about ...
  • An anomalous extinction law in the Cep OB3b young cluster: Evidence for dust processing during gas dispersal 

    Allen, TS; Prchlik, JJ; Megeath, ST; Gutermuth, RA; Pipher, JL; Naylor, T; Jeffries, RD (American Astronomical Society, 2014-04-24)
    © 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We determine the extinction law through Cep OB3b, a young cluster of 3000 stars undergoing gas dispersal. The extinction is measured toward 76 background K ...
  • Anyon exciton revisited 

    Parfitt, D.G.W.; Portnoi, M.E. (2003)
    We review the main results of the anyon exciton model in light of recent criticism by Wojs and Quinn. We show that the appearance of fractionally charged anyon ions at the bottom of their numerically calculated excitation ...
  • Anyon exciton revisited: Exact solutions for a few-particle system 

    Parfitt, D.G.W.; Portnoi, M.E. (American Physical Society, 2003)
    The anyon exciton model is generalized to the case of a neutral exciton consisting of a valence hole and an arbitrary number N of fractionally charged quasielectrons (anyons). A complete set of exciton basis functions is ...
  • Anyon excitons 

    Rashba, E.I.; Portnoi, M.E. (American Physical Society, 1993)
    We propose a model of an anyon exciton consisting of a hole and several anyons, and apply it to the spectroscopy of an incompressible quantum liquid. Fractionalization of the electron charge makes properties of such entities ...
  • The appropriate spatial resolution of future weather files for building simulation 

    Eames, M; Kershaw, T; Coley, D (Taylor & Francis, 2011-08-31)
    Building thermal modelling packages require weather data to predict representative internal conditions. Typically, around the world, reference weather years of various forms are used which are created from observations at ...
  • Are pre-main-sequence stars older than we thought? 

    Naylor, Tim (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2009)
    We fit the colour–magnitude diagrams of stars between the zero-age main-sequence and terminal-age main sequence in young clusters and associations. The ages we derive are a factor of 1.5–2 longer than the commonly used ...
  • Are turbulent spheres suitable initial conditions for star-forming clouds? 

    Rey-Raposo, Ramon; Dobbs, Clare; Duarte-Cabral, A. (Oxford University Press for Royal Astronomical Society, 2014)
    To date, most numerical simulations of molecular clouds, and star formation within them, assume a uniform density sphere or box with an imposed turbulent velocity field. In this work, we select molecular clouds from galactic ...
  • Assessing molecular line diagnostics of triggered star formation using synthetic observations 

    Haworth, TJ; Harries, TJ; Acreman, DM; Rundle, DA (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2013-04-04)
    We investigate observational signatures of triggered star formation in bright rimmed clouds (BRCs) by using molecular line transfer calculations based on radiation-hydrodynamic radiatively driven implosion models. We find ...
  • Assessing the risk of climate change for buildings: A comparison between multi-year and probabilistic reference year simulations 

    Kershaw, Tristan; Eames, Matthew E.; Coley, David (Elsevier, 2011)
    Given a changing climate, there is a need to provide data for future years so that practicing engineers can investigate the impact of climate change on particular designs and examine any risk the client might be exposed ...
  • Asymmetric dot dimers – optical properties and interactions 

    Meinzer, Nina; Humphrey, Alastair D.; Barnes, William L. (2015-01-06)
    We present a study of the rich optical behaviour of the dark (grey) modes exhibited by asymmetric dot dimers and how this behaviour is modified upon interaction between dimers.
  • Asymmetry of spin wave dispersions in a hexagonal magnonic crystal 

    Montoncello, F; Tacchi, S; Giovannini, L; Madami, M; Gubbiotti, G; Carlotti, G; Sirotkin, E; Ahmad, E; Ogrin, FY; Kruglyak, VV (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-05-24)
    We report a study of the dispersion of spin waves in a hexagonal array of interacting ferromagnetic nanodisks for two orthogonal orientations of the in-plane applied magnetic field, i.e., either parallel or perpendicular ...
  • The atmospheric circulation of a nine-hot Jupiter sample: probing circulation and chemistry over a wide phase space 

    Kataria, T; Sing, David K.; Lewis, N; Visscher, C; Showman, A.P.; Fortney, J.J.; Marley, M (American Astronomical Society, 2016)
    We present results from an atmospheric circulation study of nine hot Jupiters that comprise a large transmission spectral survey using the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes. These observations exhibit a range of spectral ...
  • Atmospheric escape from HD 189733b observed in H i Lyman-α: Detailed analysis of HST/STIS September 2011 observations 

    Bourrier, V.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Dupuy, H.; Ehrenreich, D.; Vidal-Madjar, A.; Hebrard, G.; Ballester, G.; Desert, J.-M.; Ferlet, R.; Sing, David K.; Wheatley, P.J. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2013)
    Observations of transits of the hot giant exoplanet HD 189733b in the unresolved H i Lyman-α line show signs of hydrogen escaping the upper atmosphere of the planet. New resolved Lyman-α observations obtained with the STIS ...
  • Axial speed of sound for the monitoring of injured equine tendons: a preliminary study. 

    Vergari, C; Pourcelot, P; Ravary-Plumioën, B; Dupays, AG; Jacquet, S; Audigié, F; Denoix, JM; Laugier, P; Mitton, D; Crevier-Denoix, N (Elsevier, 2011-10-22)
    Equine superficial digital flexor tendons (SDFT) are often injured, and they represent an excellent model for human sport tendinopathies. While lesions can be precisely diagnosed by clinical evaluation and ultrasonography, ...
  • Axial speed of sound is related to tendon's nonlinear elasticity. 

    Vergari, C; Ravary-Plumioën, B; Evrard, D; Laugier, P; Mitton, D; Pourcelot, P; Crevier-Denoix, N (Elsevier, 2011-11-10)
    Axial speed of sound (SOS) measurements have been successfully applied to noninvasively evaluate tendon load, while preliminary studies showed that this technique also has a potential clinical interest in the follow up of ...
  • Babinet’s principle and the band structure of surface waves on patterned metal arrays 

    Edmunds, James D.; Taylor, Melita C.; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy; Youngs, I.J. (American Institute of Physics, 2010)
    The microwave response of an array of square metal patches and its complementary structure, an array of square holes, has been experimentally studied. The resonant phenomena, which yield either enhanced transmission or ...
  • Backflow in the relaxation of a hybrid aligned nematic cell 

    Jewell, Sharon A.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics, 2003)
    The optical convergent-beam technique has been used to measure the changing director profile in a 4.6 µm ZLI-2293 filled hybrid aligned nematic cell when a 7 Vrms ac voltage was removed. The relaxation process has been ...