Now showing items 81-100 of 477

  • Determining atmospheric conditions at the terminator of the hot Jupiter HD 209458b 

    Sing, David K.; Vidal-Madjar, A.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Desert, J.-M.; Ballester, G.; Ehrenreich, D. (IOP Publishing for American Astronomical Society, 2008)
    We present a theoretical model fit to the HST STIS optical transit transmission spectrum of HD 209458b. In our fit, we use the sodium absorption line profile along with the Rayleigh scattering by H2 to help determine the ...
  • Determining the terahertz optical properties of subwavelength films using semiconductor surface plasmons 

    Isaac, Thomas Henry; Barnes, William L.; Hendry, Euan (American Institute of Physics, 2008)
    By employing a combination of time-domain measurements and numerical calculations, we demonstrate that the semiconductor InSb supports a strongly confined surface plasmon (SP) in the terahertz frequency range. We show that ...
  • Developing optical efficiency through optimized coating structure: biomimetic inspiration from white beetles 

    Hallam, B. T.; Hiorns, Anthony G.; Vukusic, Peter (Optical Society of America, 2009)
    The recent discovery of brilliant whiteness in ultrathin beetle scales indicated the availability of significant whiteness, brightness, and opacity from limited sample thickness. This is achieved in the beetle through ...
  • Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators 

    Hooper, Ian R.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics, 2004)
    Differential ellipsometric interrogation of surface plasmon (SP) resonances is a technique that gives ultrahigh sensitivity to refractive index changes, and it may provide the basis for chemical and biological sensors. In ...
  • Diffractive coupling in gold nanoparticle arrays and the effect of disorder 

    Auguié, Baptiste; Barnes, William L. (Optical Society of America, 2009)
    Two-dimensional arrays of gold nanoparticles with a periodicity commensurate with the wavelength of resonant excitation of localized plasmons have been shown to exhibit a strong long-range interaction between particles. ...
  • Dirac-like plasmons in honeycomb lattices of metallic nanoparticles 

    Weick, Guillaume; Woollacott, Claire; Barnes, William L.; Hess, Ortwin; Mariani, Eros (American Physical Society, 2013)
    We consider a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice of metallic nanoparticles, each supporting a localized surface plasmon, and study the quantum properties of the collective plasmons resulting from the near-field dipolar ...
  • Direct excitation of propagating spin waves by focused ultrashort optical pulses. 

    Au, Y.; Dvornik, Mykola; Davison, T.; Ahmad, E.; Keatley, Paul Steven; Vansteenkiste, A.; Van Waeyenberge, B.; Kruglyak, V.V. (American Physical Society, 2013)
    An all-optical experiment long utilized to image phonons excited by ultrashort optical pulses has been applied to a magnetic sample. In addition to circular ripples due to surface acoustic waves, we observe an X-shaped ...
  • Direct mapping of surface plasmon dispersion using imaging scatterometry 

    Hibbins, Alastair P.; Constant, Thomas J.; Lethbridge, Alfred J.; Sambles, J. Roy; Stone, Edmund K.; Vukusic, Peter (American Institute of Physics, 2013)
    The iso-frequency contours of diffracted surface plasmons on metallic bigratings have been directly recorded using imaging scatterometry. Metallic rectangular bigratings, formed of two “crossed” surface relief gratings, ...
  • Direct Observation of Electron-to-Hole Energy Transfer in CdSe Quantum Dots 

    Hendry, Euan; Koeberg, Mattijs; Wang, F.; Zhang, H.; de Mello Donegá, C.; Vanmaekelbergh, D.; Bonn, Mischa (American Physical Society, 2006)
    We independently determine the subpicosecond cooling rates for holes and electrons in CdSe quantum dots. Time-resolved luminescence and terahertz spectroscopy reveal that the rate of hole cooling, following photoexcitation ...
  • Direct Optical Quantification of Backflow in a 90° Twisted Nematic Cell 

    Smith, N. J.; Tillin, M. D.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Physical Society, 2002)
    Optical guided mode observations of the transient director profile (optical tensor distribution) during the relaxation of a 90° twisted nematic cell directly reveals backflow. In the first 6 ms of the relaxation process, ...
  • Discovery of a bright eclipsing cataclysmic variable 

    Sing, David K.; Green, E.M.; Howell, S.B.; Holberg, J.B.; Lopez-Morales, M.; Shaw, J.S.; Schmidt, G.D. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2007)
    Aims.We report on the discovery of J0644+3344 , a bright, deeply-eclipsing cataclysmic variable (CV) binary. Methods.Optical photometric and spectroscopic observations were obtained to determine the nature and characteristics ...
  • Discovery of Seven Companions to Intermediate Mass Stars with Extreme Mass Ratios in the Scorpius-Centaurus Association 

    Hinkley, Sasha; Kraus, Adam L.; Ireland, Michael J.; Cheetham, Anthony; Carpenter, John M.; Tuthill, Peter; Lacour, Sylvestre; Evans, T.M.; Haubois, Xavier (American Astronomical Society / IoP Publishing, 2015-06-04)
    We report the detection of seven low-mass companions to intermediate-mass stars (SpT B/A/F; M ∼ 1.5–4.5Me) in the Scorpius–Centaurus (Sco–Cen) Association using nonredundant aperture masking interferometry. Ournewly detected ...
  • Dispersion of collective magnonic modes in stacks of nanoscale magnetic elements 

    Dvornik, Mykola; Kruglyak, V.V. (American Physical Society, 2011)
    We report a numerical study of the dispersion of collective magnonic modes in magnonic crystals formed by stacks of magnetostatically coupled magnetic nanoelements. The calculations reveal that the sign of the magnonic ...
  • Dispersion of surface plasmon polaritons on short-pitch metal gratings 

    Hooper, Ian R.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Physical Society, 2002)
    The dispersion of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) has been calculated for short-pitch metal gratings for various depths. For gratings with depths greater than their pitch very flat SPP bands are formed in the zero-order ...
  • Divergence of Casimir stress in inhomogeneous media 

    Simpson, William M.R.; Horsley, S.A.R.; Leonhardt, Ulf (American Physical Society, 2013)
    We examine the local behavior of the regularized stress tensor commonly used in calculations of the Casimir force for a dielectric medium inhomogeneous in one direction. It is shown that the usual expression for the stress ...
  • Domain-wall pinning, nonadiabatic spin-transfer torque, and spin-current polarization in permalloy wires doped with vanadium 

    Lepadatu, S.; Claydon, J.S.; Kinane, C.J.; Charlton, T.R.; Langridge, Sean; Potenza, A.; Dhesi, Sarnjeet S.; Keatley, Paul Steven; Hicken, R.J.; Hickey, B.J.; Marrows, C.H. (American Physical Society, 2010)
    Using pulsed-current measurements we investigate the domain-wall depinning via spin-transfer torque from pinning potentials in V-doped Ni80Fe20 wires. The domain-wall depinning boundary, showing the variation of threshold ...
  • Double-period zero-order metal gratings as effective selective absorbers 

    Tan, W.-C.; Sambles, J. Roy; Preist, T. W. (American Physical Society, 2000)
    The electromagnetic response of a zero-order metal grating having a primary deep short-period component and a shallow long-period component is modeled. It is found that such a metal grating has an unusual surface-plasmon-polariton ...
  • Dynamic configurational anisotropy in nanomagnets 

    Kruglyak, V.V.; Keatley, Paul Steven; Hicken, R.J.; Childress, J.R.; Katine, J.A. (American Physical Society, 2007)
    The angular dependence of ultrafast magnetization dynamics in nanomagnets of square shape was studied by magneto-optical pump-probe measurements. In agreement with micromagnetic simulations, both the number of precessional ...
  • Dynamic control of visible radiation by a liquid crystal filled Fabry-Pérot etalon 

    Jewell, Sharon A.; Cornford, Stephen Leslie; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics, 2007)
    A liquid crystal filled Fabry-Pérot etalon has been constructed to control the resonant transmission of electromagnetic radiation over the visible range of the spectrum. This has been achieved through the use of a 1.5 µm ...
  • Dynamical process of switch-off in a supertwisted nematic cell 

    Yang, Fuzi; Dong, Youmei; Ruan, Lizhen; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics, 2004)
    The switch-off dynamics of a 180° supertwisted nematic (STN) are explored in detail by using a convergent beam system and the fully leaky guided-mode technique. From the dynamical guided-mode data and using the Ericksen–Leslie ...