Now showing items 195-214 of 923

  • Early Detection of Progressive Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Severity Index. 

    Skalli, W; Vergari, C; Ebermeyer, E; Courtois, I; Drevelle, X; Kohler, R; Abelin-Genevois, K; Dubousset, J (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016-10-24)
    STUDY DESIGN: Early detection of progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was assessed based on 3D quantification of the deformity. OBJECTIVE: Based on 3D quantitative description of scoliosis curves, the aim is ...
  • The early history of stellar spin: The theory of accretion onto young stellar objects 

    Pudritz, RE; Matt, S (EDP Sciences, 2014-01-08)
    The interaction of the magnetospheres of forming stars with their surrounding protostellar disks results in magnetospheric accretion flow onto the star. How is the associated angular momentum of accreting material channelled? ...
  • Early Results from VLT-SPHERE: Long-Slit Spectroscopy of 2MASS 0122-2439B, a Young Companion Near the Deuterium Burning Limit 

    Hinkley, Sasha; Bowler, Brendan P.; Vigan, Arthur; Aller, Kimberley M.; Liu, M.C.; Mawet, Dimitri; Matthews, Elisabeth; Wahhaj, Zahed; Kraus, Stefan; Baraffe, I.; Chabrier, G. (American Astronomical Society, 2015-05-19)
    We present 0.95–1.80 µm spectroscopy of the ∼12–27 MJup companion orbiting the faint (R∼13.6), young (∼120Myr) M-dwarf 2MASS J01225093–2439505 (“2M0122–2439B”) at 1.′′5 separation (50 AU). Our coronagraphic long-slit ...
  • The Earth as an extrasolar transiting planet: Earth's atmospheric composition and thickness revealed by Lunar eclipse observations 

    Vidal-Madjar, A.; Arnold, L.; Ehrenreich, D.; Ferlet, R.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Bouchy, F.; Segransan, D.; Boisse, I.; Hebrard, G.; Moutou, C.; Desert, J.-M.; Sing, David K.; Cabanac, R.; Nitschelm, C.; Bonfils, X.; Delfosse, X.; Desort, M.; Diaz, R.F.; Eggenberger, A.; Forveille, T.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Lovis, C.; Pepe, F.; Perrier, C.; Pont, F.; Santos, N.C.; Udry, S. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2010)
    Context. An important goal within the quest for detecting an Earth-like extrasolar planet, will be to identify atmospheric gaseous bio-signatures. Aims. Observations of the light transmitted through the Earth’s atmosphere, ...
  • The EChO science case 

    Tinetti, G; Drossart, P; Eccleston, P; Hartogh, P; Isaak, K; Linder, M; Lovis, C; Micela, G; Ollivier, M; Puig, L; Ribas, I; Snellen, I; Allard, BSF; Barstow, J; Cho, J; Coustenis, A; Cockell, C; Correia, A; Decin, L; Kok, RD; Deroo, P; Encrenaz, T; Forget, F; Glasse, A; Griffith, C; Guillot, T; Koskinen, T; Lammer, H; Leconte, J; Maxted, P; Mueller-Wodarg, I; Nelson, R; North, C; Pallé, E; Pagano, I; Piccioni, G; Pinfield, D; Selsis, F; Sozzetti, A; Stixrude, L; Tennyson, J; Turrini, D; Beaulieu, MZ-OJ-P; Grodent, D; Guedel, M; Luz, D; Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU; Ray, T; Rickman, H; Selig, A; Banaszkiewicz, MSM; Barlow, M; Bowles, N; Branduardi-Raymont, G; Foresto, VCD; Gerard, J-C; Gizon, L; Hornstrup, A; Jarchow, C; Kerschbaum, F; Kovacs, G; Lagage, P-O; Lim, T; Lopez-Morales, M; Malaguti, G; Pace, E; Pascale, E; Vandenbussche, B; Wright, G; Adriani, GRZA; Azzollini, R; Balado, A; Bryson, I; Burston, R; Colomé, J; Foresto, VCD; Crook, M; Giorgio, AD; Griffin, M; Hoogeveen, R; Ottensamer, R; Irshad, R; Middleton, K; Morgante, G; Pinsard, F; Rataj, M; Reess, J-M; Savini, G; Schrader, J-R; Stamper, R; Abe, BWL; Abreu, M; Achilleos, N; Ade, P; Adybekian, V; Affer, L; Agnor, C; Agundez, M; Alard, C; Alcala, J; Prieto, CA; Floriano, FJA; Altieri, F; Iglesias, CAA; Amado, P; Andersen, A; Aylward, A; Baffa, C; Bakos, G; Ballerini, P; Banaszkiewicz, M; Barber, RJ; Barrado, D; Barton, EJ; Batista, V; Bellucci, G; Avilés, JAB; Berry, D; Bézard, B; Biondi, D; Błęcka, M; Boisse, I; Bonfond, B; Bordé, P; Börner, P; Bouy, H; Brown, L; Buchhave, L; Budaj, J; Bulgarelli, A; Burleigh, M; Cabral, A; Capria, MT; Cassan, A; Cavarroc, C; Cecchi-Pestellini, C; Cerulli, R; Chadney, J; Chamberlain, S; Charnoz, S; Jessen, NC; Ciaravella, A; Claret, A; Claudi, R; Coates, A; Cole, R; Collura, A; Cordier, D; Covino, E; Danielski, C; Damasso, M; Deeg, HJ; Delgado-Mena, E; Vecchio, CD; Demangeon, O; Sio, AD; Wit, JD; Dobrijévic, M; Doel, P; Dominic, C; Dorfi, E; Eales, S; Eiroa, C; Contreras, ME; Esposito, M; Eymet, V; Fabrizio, N; Fernández, M; Castella, BF; Figueira, P; Filacchione, G; Fletcher, L; Focardi, M; Fossey, S; Fouqué, P; Frith, J; Galand, M; Gambicorti, L; Gaulme, P; López, RJG; Garcia-Piquer, A; Gear, W; Gerard, J-C; Gesa, L; Giani, E; Gianotti, F; Gillon, M; Giro, E; Giuranna, M; Gomez, H; Gomez-Leal, I; Hernandez, JG; Merino, BG; Graczyk, R; Grassi, D; Guardia, J; Guio, P; Gustin, J; Hargrave, P; Haigh, J; Hébrard, E; Heiter, U; Heredero, RL; Herrero, E; Hersant, F; Heyrovsky, D; Hollis, M; Hubert, B; Hueso, R; Israelian, G; Iro, N; Irwin, P; Jacquemoud, S; Jones, G; Jones, H; Justtanont, K; Kehoe, T; Kerschbaum, F; Kerins, E; Kervella, P; Kipping, D; Koskinen, T; Krupp, N; Lahav, O; Laken, B; Lanza, N; Lellouch, E; Leto, G; Goldaracena, JL; Lithgow-Bertelloni, C; Liu, SJ; Cicero, UL; Lodieu, N; Lognonné, P; Lopez-Puertas, M; Lopez-Valverde, MA; Rasmussen, IL; Luntzer, A; Machado, P; MacTavish, C; Maggio, A; Maillard, J-P; Magnes, W; Maldonado, J; Mall, U; Marquette, J-B; Mauskopf, P; Massi, F; Maurin, A-S; Medvedev, A; Michaut, C; Miles-Paez, P; Montalto, M; Rodríguez, PM; Monteiro, M; Montes, D; Morais, H; Morales, JC; Morales-Calderón, M; Morello, G; Martín, AM; Moses, J; Bedon, AM; Alcaino, FM; Oliva, E; Orton, G; Palla, F; Pancrazzi, M; Pantin, E; Parmentier, V; Parviainen, H; Ramírez, KYP; Peralta, J; Perez-Hoyos, S; Petrov, R; Pezzuto, S; Pietrzak, R; Pilat-Lohinger, E; Piskunov, N; Prinja, R; Prisinzano, L; Polichtchouk, I; Poretti, E; Radioti, A; Ramos, AA; Rank-Lüftinger, T; Read, P; Readorn, K; López, RR; Rebordão, J; Rengel, M; Rezac, L; Rocchetto, M; Rodler, F; Béjar, VJS; Lavega, AS; Sanromá, E; Santos, N; Forcada, JS; Scandariato, G; Schmider, F-X; Scholz, A; Scuderi, S; Sethenadh, J; Shore, S; Showman, A; Sicardy, B; Sitek, P; Smith, A; Soret, L; Sousa, S; Stiepen, A; Stolarski, M; Strazzulla, G; Tabernero, HM; Tanga, P; Tecsa, M; Temple, J; Terenzi, L; Tessenyi, M; Testi, L; Thompson, S; Thrastarson, H; Tingley, BW; Trifoglio, M; Torres, JM; Tozzi, A; Turrini, D; Varley, R; Vakili, F; Val-Borro, MD; Valdivieso, ML; Venot, O; Villaver, E; Vinatier, S; Viti, S; Waldmann, I; Waltham, D; Ward-Thompson, D; Waters, R; Watkins, C; Watson, D; Wawer, P; Wawrzaszk, A; White, G; Widemann, T; Winek, W; Wiśniowski, T; Yelle, R; Yung, Y; Yurchenko, SN (Springer Verlag, 2015-11-29)
    The discovery of almost 2000 exoplanets has revealed an unexpectedly diverse planet population. Observations to date have shown that our Solar System is certainly not representative of the general population of planets in ...
  • The effect of episodic accretion on the phase transition of CO and CO2 in low-mass star formation 

    Vorobyov, Eduard I.; Baraffe, I.; Harries, Tim J.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2013)
    We study the evaporation and condensation of CO and CO_2 during the embedded stages of low-mass star formation by using numerical simulations. We focus on the effect of luminosity bursts, similar in magnitude to FUors and ...
  • Effect of episodic accretion on the structure and the lithium depletion of low-mass stars and planet-hosting stars 

    Baraffe, I.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences, 2010)
    Following up our recent analysis devoted to the impact of non steady accretion on the location of young low-mass stars or brown dwarfs in the Herzsprung-Russell diagram, we perform a detailed analysis devoted to the effect ...
  • Effect of hydroperoxides on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties 

    Hale, John P.; Winlove, C. Peter; Petrov, Peter G. (Biophysical Society, 2011)
    We investigate the effect of oxidative stress on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties in vitro using detailed analysis of the membrane thermal fluctuation spectrum. Two different oxidants, the cytosol-soluble ...
  • The effect of magnetic field on mean flow generation by rotating two-dimensional convection 

    Currie, LK (American Astronomical Society, 2016-11-11)
    Motivated by the significant interaction of convection, rotation, and magnetic field in many astrophysical objects, we investigate the interplay between large-scale flows driven by rotating convection and an imposed ...
  • The effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation 

    Price, Daniel J.; Bate, Matthew R. (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2008)
    We examine the effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation by performing simulations following the self-gravitating collapse of a turbulent molecular cloud to form stars in ideal magnetohydrodynamics. The collapse ...
  • The Effect of Magnetic Topology on Thermally-Driven Wind: Towards a General Formulation of the Braking Law 

    Reville, Victor; Brun, Allan Sacha; Matt, Sean P.; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui F. (American Astronomical Society, 2015)
    Stellar wind is thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for ...
  • Effect of metal intermixing on the Schottky barriers of Mo(100)/GaAs(100) interfaces 

    Hepplestone, SP; Sushko, PV (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-01-01)
    © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.The electronic and structural properties of Mo(100)/GaAs(100) interfaces and Mo diffusion into GaAs are explored using first principle calculations. Our results show that the interface undergoes ...
  • Effect of microplastic on the gills of the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas 

    Watts, AW; Mauricio A. Urbina, MU; Goodhead, RG; Moger, JJ; Lewis, CL; Galloway, TG (American Chemical Society, 2016-04-12)
    Microscopic plastic debris (microplastics, <5mm in diameter) is ubiquitous in the marine environment. Previous work has shown that microplastics may be ingested and inhaled by the shore crab Carcinus maenas although the ...
  • The effect of rotational disorder on the microwave transmission of checkerboard metal square arrays 

    Tremain, B; Durrant, CJ; Carter, IE; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy (Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Journals - Option C, 2015-11-16)
    The effect of rotational disorder on the microwave transmission through thin metallic checkerboard arrays has been experimentally studied. Broad resonant features below the onset of diffraction, attributed to electromagnetic ...
  • The effect of spin orbit interaction for superconductivity in the noncentrosymmetric superconductor CaIrSi3 

    Uzunok, HY; Ipsara, E; Tütüncü, HM; Srivastava, GP; Başoglu, A (Elsevier, 2016-04-25)
    We have carried out an ab initio study of the electronic, vibrational and electron-phonon interaction properties of the body-centred tetragonal CaIrSi3 by employing the density functional theory, a linear-response formalism, ...
  • Effect of structural disorder on quantum oscillations in graphite 

    Camargo, BC; Kopelevich, Y; Usher, Alan; Hubbard, SB (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2016-01-18)
    We have studied the effect of structural disorder on the de Haas van Alphen and Shubnikov de Haas quantum oscillations measured in natural, Kish, and highly oriented pyrolytic graphite samples at temperatures down to 30 ...
  • An effect of the curvature induced anisotropy on the spectrum of spin waves in a curved magnetic nanowire 

    Tkachenko, VS; Kuchko, AN; Kruglyak, VV (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-02-26)
    Within the framework of the solid state theory, an expression for the spectrum of spin waves propagating in a thin magnetic nanowire curled into a helix (spiral) is obtained. Its modification under the effect of a periodic ...
  • Effect of the stellar spin history on the tidal evolution of close-in planets 

    Bolmont, E; Raymond, SN; Leconte, J; Matt, Sean P. (EDP Sciences, 2012-08-10)
    Context. The spin rate of stars evolves substantially during their lifetime, owing to the evolution of their internal structure and to external torques arising from the interaction of stars with their environments and ...
  • Effect of transverse and longitudinal magnetic field on the excess conductivity of YBa2Cu3_zAlz07_g single crystals with a given topology of plane defects 

    Vovk, RV; Nazyrpv, ZF; Khadzhai, GY; Pinto Simoes, VM; Kruglyak, VV (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2013-08-27)
    The effect of a constant magnetic field to 12.7 kOe on the temperature dependences of electric conductivity of aluminum-doped YBaCuO single crystals with a system of unidirectional twinning boundaries has been investigated. ...
  • The effects of consistent chemical kinetics calculations on the pressure-temperature profiles and emission spectra of hot Jupiters 

    Drummond, B; Tremblin, P; Baraffe, I; Amundsen, DS; Mayne, N; Venot, O; Goyal, J (EDP Sciences, 2016-10-16)
    In this work we investigate the impact of calculating non-equilibrium chemical abundances consistently with the temperature structure for the atmospheres of highly-irradiated, close-in gas giant exoplanets. Chemical kinetics ...