Now showing items 101-120 of 477

  • The Earth as an extrasolar transiting planet: Earth's atmospheric composition and thickness revealed by Lunar eclipse observations 

    Vidal-Madjar, A.; Arnold, L.; Ehrenreich, D.; Ferlet, R.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Bouchy, F.; Segransan, D.; Boisse, I.; Hebrard, G.; Moutou, C.; Desert, J.-M.; Sing, David K.; Cabanac, R.; Nitschelm, C.; Bonfils, X.; Delfosse, X.; Desort, M.; Diaz, R.F.; Eggenberger, A.; Forveille, T.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Lovis, C.; Pepe, F.; Perrier, C.; Pont, F.; Santos, N.C.; Udry, S. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2010)
    Context. An important goal within the quest for detecting an Earth-like extrasolar planet, will be to identify atmospheric gaseous bio-signatures. Aims. Observations of the light transmitted through the Earth’s atmosphere, ...
  • The effect of episodic accretion on the phase transition of CO and CO2 in low-mass star formation 

    Vorobyov, Eduard I.; Baraffe, I.; Harries, Tim J.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2013)
    We study the evaporation and condensation of CO and CO_2 during the embedded stages of low-mass star formation by using numerical simulations. We focus on the effect of luminosity bursts, similar in magnitude to FUors and ...
  • Effect of episodic accretion on the structure and the lithium depletion of low-mass stars and planet-hosting stars 

    Baraffe, I.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences, 2010)
    Following up our recent analysis devoted to the impact of non steady accretion on the location of young low-mass stars or brown dwarfs in the Herzsprung-Russell diagram, we perform a detailed analysis devoted to the effect ...
  • Effect of hydroperoxides on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties 

    Hale, John P.; Winlove, C. Peter; Petrov, Peter G. (Biophysical Society, 2011)
    We investigate the effect of oxidative stress on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties in vitro using detailed analysis of the membrane thermal fluctuation spectrum. Two different oxidants, the cytosol-soluble ...
  • The effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation 

    Price, Daniel J.; Bate, Matthew R. (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2008)
    We examine the effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation by performing simulations following the self-gravitating collapse of a turbulent molecular cloud to form stars in ideal magnetohydrodynamics. The collapse ...
  • The Effect of Magnetic Topology on Thermally-Driven Wind: Towards a General Formulation of the Braking Law 

    Reville, Victor; Brun, Allan Sacha; Matt, Sean P.; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui F. (American Astronomical Society, 2015)
    Stellar wind is thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for ...
  • Efficiency of Exciton and Charge Carrier Photogeneration in a Semiconducting Polymer 

    Hendry, Euan; Schins, Juleon M.; Candeias, L. P.; Siebbeles, L. D. A.; Bonn, Mischa (American Physical Society, 2004)
    We determine the efficiencies for the formation of excitons and charge carriers following ultrafast photoexcitation of a semiconducting polymer (MEH-PPV). The simultaneous, quantitative determination of exciton and charge ...
  • Efficiency of radiative emission from thin films of a light-emitting conjugated polymer 

    Wasey, J. A. E.; Safanov, A.; Samuel, I. D. W.; Barnes, William L. (American Physical Society, 2001)
    We examine the efficiency of radiative emission from thin layers of light-emitting conjugated polymers. We compare our experimental results for photoluminescence of the conjugated polymer poly(2-methoxy, 5-(2′-ethyl-hexyloxy) ...
  • Efficient coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation using a bi-grating 

    Worthing, P. T.; Barnes, William L. (American Institute of Physics, 2001)
    A nanostructured surface in the form of a bi-grating is shown to efficiently couple surface plasmon polaritons to free-space radiation in the visible part of the spectrum. Coupling was achieved for all propagation directions ...
  • Eight new T4.5-T7.5 dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS large area survey data release 1 

    Lodieu, N.; Pinfield, D.J.; Leggett, S.K.; Jameson, R.F.; Mortlock, D.J.; Warren, S.J.; Burningham, B.; Lucas, P.W.; Chiu, K.; Liu, M.C.; Venemans, B.P.; McMahon, R.G.; Allard, F.; Baraffe, I.; Navascue, D.B.Y.; Carraro, G.; Casewell, S.L.; Chabrier, G.; Chappelle, R.J.; Clarke, F.; Day-Jones, A.C.; Deacon, N.R.; Dobbie, P.D.; Folkes, S.L.; Hambly, N.C.; Hewett, P.C.; Hodgkin, S.T.; Jones, H.R.A.; Kendall, T.R.; Magazzu, A.; Martin, E.L.; McCaughrean, M.J.; Nakajima, T.; Pavlenko, Y.; Tamura, M.; Tinney, C.G.; Osorio, M.R.Z. (Oxford University Press for Royal Astronomical Society, 2007)
    We present eight new T4.5-T7.5 dwarfs identified in the UKIRT (United Kingdom Infrared Telescope) Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Large Area Survey (LAS) Data Release 1 (DR1). In addition we have recovered the T4.5 dwarf ...
  • Electric dipole moment oscillations in Aharonov-Bohm quantum rings 

    Alexeev, Arseny; Portnoi, M.E. (American Physical Society, 2012)
    Magneto-oscillations of the electric dipole moment are predicted and analyzed for a single-electron nanoscale ring pierced by a magnetic flux (an Aharonov-Bohm ring) and subjected to an electric field in the ring's plane. ...
  • Electromagnetic energy-momentum in dispersive media 

    Philbin, Thomas G. (American Physical Society, 2011)
    The standard derivations of electromagnetic energy and momentum in media take Maxwell’s equations as the starting point. It is well known that for dispersive media this approach does not directly yield exact expressions ...
  • Electromagnetic resonances of a multilayer metal-dielectric stack 

    Gadsdon, Martyn Richard; Parsons, J.; Sambles, J. Roy (Optical Society of America, 2009)
    The electromagnetic resonances of multilayer metal–dielectric stacks are investigated. These structures support periodic bandpass regions, whose band edges may be predicted by considering the character of the fields inside ...
  • Electromagnetic response of closely spaced metal meshes 

    Taylor, Melita C.; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Physical Society, 2012)
    The electromagnetic transmittance of a double layer of identical square arrays of square holes (mesh) in a perfectly conducting sheet is analytically modeled using a modal matching technique. The structure supports families ...
  • Electron transport in TiO2 probed by THz time-domain spectroscopy 

    Hendry, Euan; Wang, F.; Shan, Jie; Heinz, Tony F.; Bonn, Mischa (American Physical Society, 2004)
    Electron transport in crystalline TiO2 (rutile phase) is investigated by frequency-dependent conductivity measurements using THz time-domain spectroscopy. Transport is limited by electron-phonon coupling, resulting in a ...
  • Electron-phonon scattering at the intersection of two Landau levels 

    Golovach, V.N.; Portnoi, M.E. (American Physical Society, 2006)
    We predict a double-resonant feature in the magnetic field dependence of the phonon-mediated longitudinal conductivity σxx of a two-subband quasi-two-dimensional electron system in a quantizing magnetic field. The two sharp ...
  • Electron-vibron coupling in suspended carbon nanotube quantum dots 

    Mariani, Eros; von Oppen, Felix (American Physical Society, 2009)
    Motivated by recent experiments, we investigate the electron-vibron coupling in suspended carbon nanotube quantum dots, starting with the electron-phonon coupling of the underlying graphene layer. We show that the coupling ...
  • Emission of light through thin silver films via near-field coupling to surface plasmon polaritons 

    Winter, G.; Barnes, William L. (American Institute of Physics, 2006)
    We show that the emission of light from a dye layer through an adjacent thin silver film is maximal for a silver thickness of approximately 50 nm. This effect is explained as the result of competition between enhancement ...
  • The end of star formation in Chamaeleon I?: A LABOCA census of starless and protostellar cores 

    Belloche, A.; Schuller, F.; Parise, B.; André, P.; Hatchell, Jennifer; Jørgensen, J.K.; Bontemps, S.; Weiss, A.; Menten, K.M.; Muders, D. (EDP Sciences, 2011)
    Context. Chamaeleon I is the most active region in terms of star formation in the Chamaeleon molecular cloud complex. Although it is one of the nearest low-mass star forming regions, its population of prestellar and ...
  • Enhanced microwave transmission through a patterned metal film 

    Kelly, Robert J.; Lockyear, Matthew J.; Suckling, James R.; Sambles, J. Roy; Lawrence, Christopher R. (American Institute of Physics, 2007)
    Selective transmission of radiation through a two-dimensional array of subwavelength slits in an otherwise opaque thin metal film is presented at microwave frequencies. Individual slits are modified with the addition of ...