Now showing items 277-296 of 1294

  • Early Detection of Progressive Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Severity Index. 

    Skalli, W; Vergari, C; Ebermeyer, E; Courtois, I; Drevelle, X; Kohler, R; Abelin-Genevois, K; Dubousset, J (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016-10-24)
    STUDY DESIGN: Early detection of progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was assessed based on 3D quantification of the deformity. OBJECTIVE: Based on 3D quantitative description of scoliosis curves, the aim is ...
  • The early history of stellar spin: The theory of accretion onto young stellar objects 

    Pudritz, RE; Matt, S (EDP Sciences, 2014-01-08)
    The interaction of the magnetospheres of forming stars with their surrounding protostellar disks results in magnetospheric accretion flow onto the star. How is the associated angular momentum of accreting material channelled? ...
  • Early Results from VLT-SPHERE: Long-Slit Spectroscopy of 2MASS 0122-2439B, a Young Companion Near the Deuterium Burning Limit 

    Hinkley, Sasha; Bowler, Brendan P.; Vigan, Arthur; Aller, Kimberley M.; Liu, M.C.; Mawet, Dimitri; Matthews, Elisabeth; Wahhaj, Zahed; Kraus, Stefan; Baraffe, I.; Chabrier, G. (American Astronomical Society, 2015-05-19)
    We present 0.95–1.80 µm spectroscopy of the ∼12–27 MJup companion orbiting the faint (R∼13.6), young (∼120Myr) M-dwarf 2MASS J01225093–2439505 (“2M0122–2439B”) at 1.′′5 separation (50 AU). Our coronagraphic long-slit ...
  • Early transverse tubule development begins in utero in the sheep heart. 

    Munro, ML; Soeller, C (Springer Verlag, 2017-01-06)
    The ventricular cardiomyocytes of adult mammals contain invaginations of the plasma membrane known as transverse (t)-tubules. These regular structures are essential for the synchronisation of excitation-contraction (EC) ...
  • The Earth as an extrasolar transiting planet: Earth's atmospheric composition and thickness revealed by Lunar eclipse observations 

    Vidal-Madjar, A.; Arnold, L.; Ehrenreich, D.; Ferlet, R.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Bouchy, F.; Segransan, D.; Boisse, I.; Hebrard, G.; Moutou, C.; Desert, J.-M.; Sing, David K.; Cabanac, R.; Nitschelm, C.; Bonfils, X.; Delfosse, X.; Desort, M.; Diaz, R.F.; Eggenberger, A.; Forveille, T.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Lovis, C.; Pepe, F.; Perrier, C.; Pont, F.; Santos, N.C.; Udry, S. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2010)
    Context. An important goal within the quest for detecting an Earth-like extrasolar planet, will be to identify atmospheric gaseous bio-signatures. Aims. Observations of the light transmitted through the Earth’s atmosphere, ...
  • The EChO science case 

    Tinetti, G; Drossart, P; Eccleston, P; Hartogh, P; Isaak, K; Linder, M; Lovis, C; Micela, G; Ollivier, M; Puig, L; Ribas, I; Snellen, I; Allard, BSF; Barstow, J; Cho, J; Coustenis, A; Cockell, C; Correia, A; Decin, L; Kok, RD; Deroo, P; Encrenaz, T; Forget, F; Glasse, A; Griffith, C; Guillot, T; Koskinen, T; Lammer, H; Leconte, J; Maxted, P; Mueller-Wodarg, I; Nelson, R; North, C; Pallé, E; Pagano, I; Piccioni, G; Pinfield, D; Selsis, F; Sozzetti, A; Stixrude, L; Tennyson, J; Turrini, D; Beaulieu, MZ-OJ-P; Grodent, D; Guedel, M; Luz, D; Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU; Ray, T; Rickman, H; Selig, A; Banaszkiewicz, MSM; Barlow, M; Bowles, N; Branduardi-Raymont, G; Foresto, VCD; Gerard, J-C; Gizon, L; Hornstrup, A; Jarchow, C; Kerschbaum, F; Kovacs, G; Lagage, P-O; Lim, T; Lopez-Morales, M; Malaguti, G; Pace, E; Pascale, E; Vandenbussche, B; Wright, G; Adriani, GRZA; Azzollini, R; Balado, A; Bryson, I; Burston, R; Colomé, J; Foresto, VCD; Crook, M; Giorgio, AD; Griffin, M; Hoogeveen, R; Ottensamer, R; Irshad, R; Middleton, K; Morgante, G; Pinsard, F; Rataj, M; Reess, J-M; Savini, G; Schrader, J-R; Stamper, R; Abe, BWL; Abreu, M; Achilleos, N; Ade, P; Adybekian, V; Affer, L; Agnor, C; Agundez, M; Alard, C; Alcala, J; Prieto, CA; Floriano, FJA; Altieri, F; Iglesias, CAA; Amado, P; Andersen, A; Aylward, A; Baffa, C; Bakos, G; Ballerini, P; Banaszkiewicz, M; Barber, RJ; Barrado, D; Barton, EJ; Batista, V; Bellucci, G; Avilés, JAB; Berry, D; Bézard, B; Biondi, D; Błęcka, M; Boisse, I; Bonfond, B; Bordé, P; Börner, P; Bouy, H; Brown, L; Buchhave, L; Budaj, J; Bulgarelli, A; Burleigh, M; Cabral, A; Capria, MT; Cassan, A; Cavarroc, C; Cecchi-Pestellini, C; Cerulli, R; Chadney, J; Chamberlain, S; Charnoz, S; Jessen, NC; Ciaravella, A; Claret, A; Claudi, R; Coates, A; Cole, R; Collura, A; Cordier, D; Covino, E; Danielski, C; Damasso, M; Deeg, HJ; Delgado-Mena, E; Vecchio, CD; Demangeon, O; Sio, AD; Wit, JD; Dobrijévic, M; Doel, P; Dominic, C; Dorfi, E; Eales, S; Eiroa, C; Contreras, ME; Esposito, M; Eymet, V; Fabrizio, N; Fernández, M; Castella, BF; Figueira, P; Filacchione, G; Fletcher, L; Focardi, M; Fossey, S; Fouqué, P; Frith, J; Galand, M; Gambicorti, L; Gaulme, P; López, RJG; Garcia-Piquer, A; Gear, W; Gerard, J-C; Gesa, L; Giani, E; Gianotti, F; Gillon, M; Giro, E; Giuranna, M; Gomez, H; Gomez-Leal, I; Hernandez, JG; Merino, BG; Graczyk, R; Grassi, D; Guardia, J; Guio, P; Gustin, J; Hargrave, P; Haigh, J; Hébrard, E; Heiter, U; Heredero, RL; Herrero, E; Hersant, F; Heyrovsky, D; Hollis, M; Hubert, B; Hueso, R; Israelian, G; Iro, N; Irwin, P; Jacquemoud, S; Jones, G; Jones, H; Justtanont, K; Kehoe, T; Kerschbaum, F; Kerins, E; Kervella, P; Kipping, D; Koskinen, T; Krupp, N; Lahav, O; Laken, B; Lanza, N; Lellouch, E; Leto, G; Goldaracena, JL; Lithgow-Bertelloni, C; Liu, SJ; Cicero, UL; Lodieu, N; Lognonné, P; Lopez-Puertas, M; Lopez-Valverde, MA; Rasmussen, IL; Luntzer, A; Machado, P; MacTavish, C; Maggio, A; Maillard, J-P; Magnes, W; Maldonado, J; Mall, U; Marquette, J-B; Mauskopf, P; Massi, F; Maurin, A-S; Medvedev, A; Michaut, C; Miles-Paez, P; Montalto, M; Rodríguez, PM; Monteiro, M; Montes, D; Morais, H; Morales, JC; Morales-Calderón, M; Morello, G; Martín, AM; Moses, J; Bedon, AM; Alcaino, FM; Oliva, E; Orton, G; Palla, F; Pancrazzi, M; Pantin, E; Parmentier, V; Parviainen, H; Ramírez, KYP; Peralta, J; Perez-Hoyos, S; Petrov, R; Pezzuto, S; Pietrzak, R; Pilat-Lohinger, E; Piskunov, N; Prinja, R; Prisinzano, L; Polichtchouk, I; Poretti, E; Radioti, A; Ramos, AA; Rank-Lüftinger, T; Read, P; Readorn, K; López, RR; Rebordão, J; Rengel, M; Rezac, L; Rocchetto, M; Rodler, F; Béjar, VJS; Lavega, AS; Sanromá, E; Santos, N; Forcada, JS; Scandariato, G; Schmider, F-X; Scholz, A; Scuderi, S; Sethenadh, J; Shore, S; Showman, A; Sicardy, B; Sitek, P; Smith, A; Soret, L; Sousa, S; Stiepen, A; Stolarski, M; Strazzulla, G; Tabernero, HM; Tanga, P; Tecsa, M; Temple, J; Terenzi, L; Tessenyi, M; Testi, L; Thompson, S; Thrastarson, H; Tingley, BW; Trifoglio, M; Torres, JM; Tozzi, A; Turrini, D; Varley, R; Vakili, F; Val-Borro, MD; Valdivieso, ML; Venot, O; Villaver, E; Vinatier, S; Viti, S; Waldmann, I; Waltham, D; Ward-Thompson, D; Waters, R; Watkins, C; Watson, D; Wawer, P; Wawrzaszk, A; White, G; Widemann, T; Winek, W; Wiśniowski, T; Yelle, R; Yung, Y; Yurchenko, SN (Springer Verlag, 2015-11-29)
    The discovery of almost 2000 exoplanets has revealed an unexpectedly diverse planet population. Observations to date have shown that our Solar System is certainly not representative of the general population of planets in ...
  • An eclipse of the X-ray flux from the dwarf nova OY Carinae in quiescence 

    Pratt, GW; Hassall, BJM; Naylor, T; Wood, JH (Oxford University Press (OUP) / Royal Astronomical Society, 1999-08-01)
    We present a phase-resolved ROSAT HRI X-ray light curve of the dwarf nova OY Car in quiescence. The X-ray flux is eclipsed at the same time as the optical eclipse of the primary, and the region of X -ray emission is ...
  • The effect of a wider initial separation on common envelope binary interaction simulations 

    Iaconi, R; Reichardt, T; Staff, J; De Marco, O; Passy, JC; Price, D; Wurster, J; Herwig, F (Oxford University Press, 2016-09-01)
    We present hydrodynamic simulations of the common envelope binary interaction between a giant star and a compact companion carried out with the adaptive mesh refinement code ENZO and the smooth particle hydrodynamics code ...
  • The Effect of Combined Magnetic Geometries on Thermally Driven Winds I: Interaction of Dipolar and Quadrupolar Fields 

    Finley, AJ; Matt, SP (American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing, 2017-08-10)
    Cool stars with outer convective envelopes are observed to have magnetic fields with a variety of geometries, which on large scales are dominated by a combination of the lowest order fi elds such as the dipole, quadrupole ...
  • The Effect of Combined Magnetic Geometries on Thermally Driven Winds II: Dipolar, Quadrupolar and Octupolar Topologies 

    Finley, AJ; Matt, SP (American Astronomical Society, 2018-02-15)
    During the lifetime of sun-like or low mass stars a significant amount of angular momentum is removed through magnetised stellar winds. This process is often assumed to be governed by the dipolar component of the magnetic ...
  • The effect of episodic accretion on the phase transition of CO and CO2 in low-mass star formation 

    Vorobyov, Eduard I.; Baraffe, I.; Harries, Tim J.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2013)
    We study the evaporation and condensation of CO and CO_2 during the embedded stages of low-mass star formation by using numerical simulations. We focus on the effect of luminosity bursts, similar in magnitude to FUors and ...
  • Effect of episodic accretion on the structure and the lithium depletion of low-mass stars and planet-hosting stars 

    Baraffe, I.; Chabrier, G. (EDP Sciences, 2010)
    Following up our recent analysis devoted to the impact of non steady accretion on the location of young low-mass stars or brown dwarfs in the Herzsprung-Russell diagram, we perform a detailed analysis devoted to the effect ...
  • The effect of extreme ionization rates during the initial collapse of a molecular cloud core (article) 

    Wurster, JH; Bate, MR; Price, DJ (Oxford University Press (OUP) / Royal Astronomical Society, 2018-02-14)
    What cosmic ray ionization rate is required such that a non-ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulation of a collapsing molecular cloud will follow the same evolutionary path as an ideal MHD simulation or as a purely ...
  • The effect of extreme ionization rates during the initial collapse of a molecular cloud core (dataset) 

    Wurster, James; Bate, Matthew; Price, Daniel J (University of Exeter, 2018-04-19)
    What cosmic ray ionization rate is required such that a non-ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulation of a collapsing molecular cloud will follow the same evolutionary path as an ideal MHD simulation or as a purely ...
  • Effect of hydroperoxides on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties 

    Hale, John P.; Winlove, C. Peter; Petrov, Peter G. (Biophysical Society, 2011)
    We investigate the effect of oxidative stress on red blood cell membrane mechanical properties in vitro using detailed analysis of the membrane thermal fluctuation spectrum. Two different oxidants, the cytosol-soluble ...
  • The effect of magnetic field on mean flow generation by rotating two-dimensional convection 

    Currie, LK (American Astronomical Society, 2016-11-11)
    Motivated by the significant interaction of convection, rotation, and magnetic field in many astrophysical objects, we investigate the interplay between large-scale flows driven by rotating convection and an imposed ...
  • The effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation 

    Price, Daniel J.; Bate, Matthew R. (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2008)
    We examine the effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation by performing simulations following the self-gravitating collapse of a turbulent molecular cloud to form stars in ideal magnetohydrodynamics. The collapse ...
  • The Effect of Magnetic Topology on Thermally-Driven Wind: Towards a General Formulation of the Braking Law 

    Reville, Victor; Brun, Allan Sacha; Matt, Sean P.; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui F. (American Astronomical Society, 2015)
    Stellar wind is thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for ...
  • Effect of metal intermixing on the Schottky barriers of Mo(100)/GaAs(100) interfaces 

    Hepplestone, SP; Sushko, PV (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-01-01)
    The electronic and structural properties of Mo(100)/GaAs(100) interfaces and Mo diffusion into GaAs are explored using first principle calculations. Our results show that the interface undergoes substantial atomic rearrangement ...
  • The effect of metallicity on the atmospheres of exoplanets with fully coupled 3D hydrodynamics, equilibrium chemistry, and radiative transfer (article) 

    Drummond, B; Mayne, NJ; Baraffe, I; Tremblin, P; Manners, J; Amundsen, D; Goyal, J; Acreman, D (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2018-01-03)
    In this work we have performed a series of simulations of the atmosphere of GJ 1214b assuming different metallicities using the Met Office Unified Model (UM). The UM is a general circulation model (GCM) that solves the ...