Cycling chaos: its creation, persistence and loss of stability in a model of nonlinear magnetoconvection
Rucklidge, Alastair M.
We examine a model system where attractors may consist of a heteroclinic cycle between chaotic sets; this `cycling chaos' manifests itself as trajectories that spend increasingly long periods lingering near chaotic invariant sets interspersed with short transitions between neighbourhoods of these sets. This behaviour can be robust (i.e., structurally stable) for systems with symmetries and provides robust examples of non-ergodic attractors in such systems; we examine bifurcations of this state. We discuss a scenario where an attracting cycling chaotic state is created at a blowout bifurcation of a chaotic attractor in an invariant subspace. This is a novel scenario for the blowout bifurcation and causes us to introduce the idea of set supercriticality to recognise such bifurcations. The robust cycling chaotic state can be followed to a point where it loses stability at a resonance bifurcation and creates a series of large period attractors. The model we consider is a 9th order truncated ODE model of three-dimensional incompressible convection in a plane layer of conducting fluid subjected to a vertical magnetic field and a vertical temperature gradient. Symmetries of the model lead to the existence of invariant subspaces for the dynamics; in particular there are invariant subspaces that correspond to regimes of two-dimensional flows. Stable two-dimensional chaotic flow can go unstable to three-dimensional flow via the cross-roll instability. We show how the bifurcations mentioned above can be located by examination of various transverse Liapunov exponents. We also consider a reduction of the ODE to a map and demonstrate that the same behaviour can be found in the corresponding map.
Copyright © 1998 Elsevier. NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work accepted for publication by Elsevier. Changes resulting from the publishing process, including peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting and other quality control mechanisms, may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Physica D, Vol 122, Issues 1-4, 1998, DOI:10.1016/S0167-2789(98)00174-2
Vol. 122 (1-4), pp. 134-154