Attitude-behaviour consistency: the role of group norms, attitude accessibility, and mode of behavioural decision-making
Smith, Joanne R.
Terry, Deborah J.
University of Exeter - Joanne Smith (at the time of publication, the author was at the University of Queensland, Australia)
European Journal of Social Psychology
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
The interplay between two perspectives that have recently been applied in the attitude area—the social identity approach to attitude-behaviour relations (Terry & Hogg, 1996) and the MODE model (Fazio, 1990a)—was examined in the present research. Two experimental studies were conducted to examine the role of group norms, group identification, attitude accessibility, and mode of behavioural decision-making in the attitude-behaviour relationship. In Study 1 (Nu=u211), the effects of norms and identification on attitude-behaviour consistency as a function of attitude accessibility and mood were investigated. Study 2 (Nu=u354) replicated and extended the first experiment by using time pressure to manipulate mode of behavioural decision-making. As expected, the effects of norm congruency varied as a function of identification and mode of behavioural decision-making. Under conditions assumed to promote deliberative processing (neutral mood/low time pressure), high identifiers behaved in a manner consistent with the norm. No effects emerged under positive mood and high time pressure conditions. In Study 2, there was evidence that exposure to an attitude-incongruent norm resulted in attitude change only under low accessibility conditions. The results of these studies highlight the powerful role of group norms in directing individual behaviour and suggest limited support for the MODE model in this context.
This is the author's post-print version of an article published in the European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol 33, No 5: pp.591-608. The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
European Journal of Social Psychology, 33 (5), September/October 2003: pp. 591-608