Now showing items 179-198 of 3863

  • Appraising infrastructure for new towns in Ireland 

    Hunt, Dexter V.L.; Lombardi, D. Rachel; Jefferson, I.; Rogers, Chris D.F.; Butler, David; Memon, Fayyaz (ICE Publishing, 2012)
    Over a 20 year period 1996–2016, a new 223 ha town is being developed 10 miles west of Dublin's city centre on the south side of Lucan, County Dublin, in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). This €4 billion ‘Adamstown’ development ...
  • The appropriate spatial resolution of future weather files for building simulation 

    Eames, M; Kershaw, T; Coley, D (Taylor & Francis, 2011-08-31)
    Building thermal modelling packages require weather data to predict representative internal conditions. Typically, around the world, reference weather years of various forms are used which are created from observations at ...
  • Approximate Bayesian Computation and simulation-based inference for complex stochastic epidemic models 

    McKinley, TJ; Vernon, I; Andrianakis, I; McCreesh, N; Oakley, JE; Nsubuga, RN; Goldstein, M; White, RG (Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS), 2017)
    Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) and other simulation-based inference methods are becoming increasingly used for inference in complex systems, due to their relative ease-of-implementation. We briefly review some of ...
  • Approximate Expressions for the Magnetic Potential and Fields of Two-Dimensional, Asymmetrical Magnetic Recording Heads 

    Aziz, Mustafa M.; Edress-Mohamed, A; Wright, D (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-10-19)
    Two-dimensional asymmetrical magnetic head are characterised by parallel inclination of the semi-infinite, inner gap walls, and where the gap length and head-to-underlayer separation are small compared to the other dimensions ...
  • Approximate pole-placement controller using inverse plant dynamics for floor vibration control 

    Nyawako, Donald S.; Reynolds, Paul; Hudson, Malcolm J. (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2013-06-04)
    Past research and field trials have demonstrated the viability of active vibration control (AVC) technologies for the mitigation of human induced vibrations in problematic floors. They make use of smaller units than their ...
  • AppTCP: The design and evaluation of application-based TCP for e-VLBI in fast long distance networks 

    Wang, G; Wu, Y; Dou, K; Ren, Y; Li, J (Elsevier, 2014-10)
    Electric Very Long Baseline Interferometry (e-VLBI) is a typical astronomical interferometry used in radio astronomy. It allows observations of an object that are made simultaneously by many radio telescopes to be combined, ...
  • Architecture design study and technology roadmap for the Planet Formation Imager (PFI) 

    Monnier, JD; Ireland, MJ; Kraus, S; Baron, F; Creech-Eakman, M; Dong, R; Isella, A; Merand, A; Michael, E; Minardi, S; Mozurkewich, D; Petrov, R; Rinehard, S; ten Brummelaar, T; Vasisht, G; Wishnow, E; Young, J; Zhu, Z (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2016-08-04)
    The Planet Formation Imager (PFI) Project has formed a Technical Working Group (TWG) to explore possible facility architectures to meet the primary PFI science goal of imaging planet formation in situ in nearby starforming ...
  • Arctic amplification decreases temperature variance in Northern mid- to high-latitudes 

    Screen, James A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
    Changes in climate variability are arguably more important for society and ecosystems than changes in mean climate, especially if they translate into altered extremes [1, 2, 3]. There is a common perception and growing ...
  • The Arctic Predictability and Prediction on Seasonal-to-Interannual TimEscales (APPOSITE) data set version 1 

    Day, JJ; Tietsche, S; Collins, M; Goessling, HF; Guemas, V; Guillory, A; Hurlin, WJ; Ishii, M; Keeley, SPE; Matei, D; Msadek, R; Sigmond, M; Tatebe, H; Hawkins, E (Geoscientific Model Development, 2016-06-29)
    .Recent decades have seen significant developments in climate prediction capabilities at seasonal-to-interannual timescales. However, until recently the potential of such systems to predict Arctic climate had rarely been ...
  • The Arctic predictability and prediction on seasonal-to-interannual timescales (APPOSITE) data set version 1 

    Day, JJ; Tietsche, S; Collins, M; Goessling, HF; Guemas, V; Guillory, A; Hurlin, WJ; Ishii, M; Keeley, SPE; Matei, D; Msadek, R; Sigmond, M; Tatebe, H; Hawkins, E
    Recent decades have seen significant developments in seasonal-to-interannual timescale climate prediction capabilities. However, until recently the potential of such systems to predict Arctic climate had not been assessed. ...
  • Are changes in global precipitation constrained by the tropospheric energy budget? 

    Lambert, F. Hugo; Allen, Myles R. (American Meteorological Society, 2009)
    A tropospheric energy budget argument is used to analyze twentieth-century precipitation changes. It is found that global and ocean-mean general circulation model (GCM) precipitation changes can be understood as being due ...
  • Are large submarine landslides temporally random or do uncertainties in available age constraints make it impossible to tell? 

    Pope, EL; Talling, PJ; Urlaub, M; Hunt, JE; Clare, MA; Challenor, Peter G. (Elsevier, 2015-07-29)
    © 2015. Large (>1km3) submarine landslides can potentially generate very destructive tsunamis and damage expensive sea floor infrastructure. It is therefore important to understand their frequency and triggers, and whether ...
  • Are pre-main-sequence stars older than we thought? 

    Naylor, Tim (Oxford University Press / Royal Astronomical Society, 2009)
    We fit the colour–magnitude diagrams of stars between the zero-age main-sequence and terminal-age main sequence in young clusters and associations. The ages we derive are a factor of 1.5–2 longer than the commonly used ...
  • Are pre-MS stars older than we thought? 

    Naylor, T; Mayne, NJ (Cambridge University Press (CUP) for International Astronomical Union (IAU), 2010-10-21)
    We present a consistent age ordering for young clusters and groups determined using the contraction of stars through their pre-main-sequence phase. We compare these with ages derived from the evolution of the upper ...
  • Are turbulent spheres suitable initial conditions for star-forming clouds? 

    Rey-Raposo, Ramon; Dobbs, Clare; Duarte-Cabral, A. (Oxford University Press for Royal Astronomical Society, 2014)
    To date, most numerical simulations of molecular clouds, and star formation within them, assume a uniform density sphere or box with an imposed turbulent velocity field. In this work, we select molecular clouds from galactic ...
  • ARMA modelled time-series classification for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure 

    Carden, E.P.; Brownjohn, James (Elsevier, 2008-02)
    Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the subject of a great deal of ongoing research leading to the capability that reliable remote monitoring of civil infrastructure would allow a shift from schedule-based to condition-based ...
  • The art and science of climate model tuning 

    Hourdin, F; Mauritsen, T; Gettelman, A; Golaz, J-C; Balaji, V; Duan, Q; Folini, D; Ji, D; Klocke, D; Qian, Y; Rauser, F; Rio, C; Tomassini, L; Watanabe, M; Williamson, D (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-08)
    We survey the rationale and diversity of approaches for tuning, a fundamental aspect of climate modeling which should be more systematically documented and taken into account in multi-model analysis. The process of ...
  • Artificial development of connections in SHRUTI networks using a multi-objective genetic algorithm 

    Townsend, J; Keedwell, EC; Galton, A (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013-07-10)
    SHRUTI is a model of how first-order logic can be represented and reasoned upon using a network of spiking neurons in an attempt to model the brain’s ability to perform reasoning. This paper extends the biological ...
  • Artificial intelligence techniques for flood risk management in urban environments 

    Sayers, W.; Savic, Dragan; Kapelan, Zoran; Kellagher, Richard (Elsevier, 2014)
    Urban flooding is estimated to cause £270 million pounds worth of damage each year in England and Wales alone. There has, therefore, been a clear need to develop improved methods of identifying intervention strategies to ...
  • An artificial neural network-based rainfall runoff model for improved drainage network modelling 

    Walker, David; Keedwell, EC; Savić, Dragan; Kellagher, R (City University of New York (CUNY): CUNY Academic Works, 2014-08-17)
    Modelling rainfall-runoff processes enables hydrologists to plan their response to flooding events. Urban drainage catchment modelling requires rainfall-runoff models as a prerequisite. In the UK, one of the main software ...