Now showing items 179-198 of 2371

  • A Bayesian methodology for estimating uncertainty of decisions in safety-critical systems 

    Schetinin, Vitaly; Fieldsend, Jonathan E.; Partridge, Derek; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Everson, Richard M.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Hernandez, Adolfo (IOS Press, 2006)
    Uncertainty of decisions in safety-critical engineering applications can be estimated on the basis of the Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique of averaging over decision models. The use of decision tree (DT) ...
  • Bayesian model choice in cumulative link ordinal regression models 

    McKinley, Trevelyan J.; Morters, Michelle K.; Wood, James L. N. (International Society for Bayesian Analysis (ISBA), 2015-01-28)
    The use of the proportional odds (PO) model for ordinal regression is ubiquitous in the literature. If the assumption of parallel lines does not hold for the data, then an alternative is to specify a non-proportional odds ...
  • Bayesian Spectral Analysis with Student-t Noise 

    Christmas, JT (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-06-01)
    We introduce a Bayesian spectral analysis model for one-dimensional signals where the observation noise is assumed to be Student-t distributed, for robustness to outliers, and we estimate the posterior distributions of the ...
  • Bayesian unsupervised learning with multiple data types 

    Agius, Phaedra; Ying, Yiming; Campbell, Colin (Walter de Gruyter, 2009)
    We propose Bayesian generative models for unsupervised learning with two types of data and an assumed dependency of one type of data on the other. We consider two algorithmic ap- proaches, based on a correspondence model ...
  • A BEMT model for a high solidity, hubless and ducted tidal stream turbine 

    Allsop, S; Peyrard, C; Thies, PR (Tidal Energy Research Group, 2016-03)
    A Blade Element Momentum Theory (BEMT) model for ‘conventional’ 3 bladed designs of Tidal Stream Turbine (TST) is presented, with validations from scale model experiments carried out in a cavitation tunnel. Assumptions and ...
  • Benchmarking energy consumption and CO2 emissions from rainwater harvesting systems: an improved method by proxy 

    Ward, Sarah; Butler, David; Memon, Fayyaz (IWA (International Water Association), 2010)
    Life cycle analyses (LCAs) show the main operational energy contribution for rainwater-harvesting (RWH) systems come from ultraviolet (UV) disinfection and pumping rainwater from tank to building. Simple methods of estimating ...
  • The Benefits of Laser Scanning & 3D Modelling in Accident Investigation: In a Mining Context 

    Foster, P.J.; Jobling-Purser, J; Coggan, John; Eyre, Matthew (Maney on behalf of the Institute and The AusIMM, 2015-06-16)
    Accurate reconstruction of the facts and causes surrounding accidents is critical if the mining industry is to learn from incidents and prevent future events. Effective accident investigation and training are essential ...
  • A bias-corrected decomposition of the Brier score 

    Ferro, Christopher A.T.; Fricker, Thomas E. (Royal Meteorological Society, 2012)
    The Brier score is a widely used measure of performance for probabilistic forecasts of event occurrences and is often decomposed additively into three terms that quantify the reliability and resolution of the forecasts and ...
  • Biclustering models for structured microarray data 

    Turner, Heather L.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Hemingway, Cheryl A. (IEEE, 2005)
    Microarrays have become a standard tool for investigating gene function and more complex microarray experiments are increasingly being conducted. For example, an experiment may involve samples from several groups or may ...
  • Bidirectional transport and pulsing states in a multi-lane ASEP model 

    Lin, Congping; Steinberg, Gero; Ashwin, Peter (IOP Publishing, 2011)
    In this paper, we introduce an ASEP-like transport model for bidirectional motion of particles on a multi-lane lattice. The model is motivated by {\em in vivo} experiments on organelle motility along a microtubule (MT), ...
  • Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Niño Southern Oscillation. 

    Krauskopf, Bernd; Sieber, J. (Royal Society, 2014)
    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops ...
  • Bifurcation to heteroclinic cycles and sensitivity in three and four coupled phase oscillators 

    Ashwin, Peter; Burylko, Oleksandr; Maistrenko, Yuri (Elsevier, 2008)
    We study the bifurcation and dynamical behaviour of the system of N globally coupled identical phase oscillators introduced by Hansel, Mato and Meunier, in the cases N=3 and N=4. This model has been found to exhibit robust ...
  • Bio-inspired iridescent layer-by-layer assembled cellulose nanocrystal Bragg stacks 

    Tzeng, P.; Hewson, D.J.; Vukusic, Peter; Eichhorn, Stephen J.; Grunlan, J.C. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015)
    Layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly was used to fabricate a synthetic analogue of the color producing multilayered structure commonly found in many biological systems, particularly Coleoptera. The resulting iridescent films ...
  • Bioavailability of nanoscale metal oxides TiO(2), CeO(2), and ZnO to fish 

    Johnston, B.D.; Scown, Tessa M.; Moger, Julian; Cumberland, Susan A.; Baalousha, Mohamed; Linge, Kathryn; van Aerle, Ronny; Jarvis, Kym; Lead, Jamie R.; Tyler, Charles R. (American Chemical Society, 2010-02-01)
    Nanoparticles (NPs) are reported to be a potential environmental health hazard. For organisms living in the aquatic environment, there is uncertainty on exposure because of a lack of understanding and data regarding the ...
  • Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: A model sensitivity study 

    Pacifico, F; Folberth, GA; Sitch, S; Haywood, JM; Rizzo, LV; Malavelle, FF; Artaxo, P (European Geosciences Union, 2015-03-10)
    © Author(s) 2015. The HadGEM2 earth system climate model was used to assess the impact of biomass burning on surface ozone concentrations over the Amazon forest and its impact on vegetation, under present-day climate ...
  • Biomechanics of fibrous proteins of the extracellular matrix studied by Brillouin scattering 

    Palombo, F; Winlove, CP; Edginton, RS; Green, E; Stone, N; Caponi, S; Madami, M; Fioretto, D (Royal Society, 2014-10-08)
    Brillouin light scattering (BLS) spectroscopy is a technique that is able to detect thermally excited phonons within a material. The speed of propagation of these phonons can be determined from the magnitude of the Brillouin ...
  • Bistability in feedback circuits as a byproduct of evolution of evolvability 

    Kuwahara, Hiroyuki; Soyer, Orkun S. (2012)
    Noisy bistable dynamics in gene regulation can underlie stochastic switching and is demonstrated to be beneficial under fluctuating environments. It is not known, however, if fluctuating selection alone can result in ...
  • Black Hole Lasers Revisited 

    Leonhardt, Ulf; Philbin, Thomas G. (Springer, 2007)
    The production of Hawking radiation by a single horizon is not dependent on the high-frequency dispersion relation of the radiated field. When there are two horizons, however, Corley and Jacobson have shown that superluminal ...
  • Blind source separation for non-stationary mixing 

    Everson, Richard M.; Roberts, Stephen (2000)
    Blind source separation attempts to recover independent sources which have been linearly mixed to produce observations. We consider blind source separation with non-stationary mixing, but stationary sources. The linear ...
  • Blowout bifurcation in a system of coupled chaotic lasers 

    Ashwin, Peter; Terry, John R.; Thornburg, K. Scott; Roy, Rajarshi (American Physical Society, 1998)
    We show that loss of synchronization of two identical coupled chaotic class B lasers can occur via a blowout bifurcation. This occurs when a transverse Lyapunov exponent governing the stability of a synchronized subspace ...