Now showing items 228-247 of 2700

  • Bio-inspired iridescent layer-by-layer assembled cellulose nanocrystal Bragg stacks 

    Tzeng, P.; Hewson, D.J.; Vukusic, Peter; Eichhorn, Stephen J.; Grunlan, J.C. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015)
    Layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly was used to fabricate a synthetic analogue of the color producing multilayered structure commonly found in many biological systems, particularly Coleoptera. The resulting iridescent films ...
  • Bioavailability of nanoscale metal oxides TiO(2), CeO(2), and ZnO to fish 

    Johnston, B.D.; Scown, Tessa M.; Moger, Julian; Cumberland, Susan A.; Baalousha, Mohamed; Linge, Kathryn; van Aerle, Ronny; Jarvis, Kym; Lead, Jamie R.; Tyler, Charles R. (American Chemical Society, 2010-02-01)
    Nanoparticles (NPs) are reported to be a potential environmental health hazard. For organisms living in the aquatic environment, there is uncertainty on exposure because of a lack of understanding and data regarding the ...
  • Biomass burning related ozone damage on vegetation over the Amazon forest: A model sensitivity study 

    Pacifico, F; Folberth, GA; Sitch, S; Haywood, JM; Rizzo, LV; Malavelle, FF; Artaxo, P (European Geosciences Union, 2015-03-10)
    © Author(s) 2015. The HadGEM2 earth system climate model was used to assess the impact of biomass burning on surface ozone concentrations over the Amazon forest and its impact on vegetation, under present-day climate ...
  • Biomechanics of fibrous proteins of the extracellular matrix studied by Brillouin scattering 

    Palombo, F; Winlove, CP; Edginton, RS; Green, E; Stone, N; Caponi, S; Madami, M; Fioretto, D (Royal Society, 2014-10-08)
    Brillouin light scattering (BLS) spectroscopy is a technique that is able to detect thermally excited phonons within a material. The speed of propagation of these phonons can be determined from the magnitude of the Brillouin ...
  • Bistability in feedback circuits as a byproduct of evolution of evolvability 

    Kuwahara, Hiroyuki; Soyer, Orkun S. (2012)
    Noisy bistable dynamics in gene regulation can underlie stochastic switching and is demonstrated to be beneficial under fluctuating environments. It is not known, however, if fluctuating selection alone can result in ...
  • Black Hole Lasers Revisited 

    Leonhardt, Ulf; Philbin, Thomas G. (Springer, 2007)
    The production of Hawking radiation by a single horizon is not dependent on the high-frequency dispersion relation of the radiated field. When there are two horizons, however, Corley and Jacobson have shown that superluminal ...
  • Blind source separation for non-stationary mixing 

    Everson, Richard M.; Roberts, Stephen (2000)
    Blind source separation attempts to recover independent sources which have been linearly mixed to produce observations. We consider blind source separation with non-stationary mixing, but stationary sources. The linear ...
  • Blowout bifurcation in a system of coupled chaotic lasers 

    Ashwin, Peter; Terry, John R.; Thornburg, K. Scott; Roy, Rajarshi (American Physical Society, 1998)
    We show that loss of synchronization of two identical coupled chaotic class B lasers can occur via a blowout bifurcation. This occurs when a transverse Lyapunov exponent governing the stability of a synchronized subspace ...
  • Blue, surface-emitting, distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers 

    Heliotis, G.; Xia, R.; Bradley, D. D. C.; Turnbull, G. A.; Samuel, I. D. W.; Andrew, P.; Barnes, William L. (American Institute of Physics, 2003)
    We report the fabrication of optically-pumped solid-state distributed feedback lasers utilizing two blue-light-emitting semiconducting polyfluorenes as gain media. The lasers were readily fabricated by solution deposition ...
  • Boundary-layer effects on acoustic transmission through narrow slit cavities 

    Ward, GP; Lovelock, RK; Murray, AR; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy; Smith, JD (American Physical Society, 2015-07-21)
    We explore the slit-width dependence of the resonant transmission of sound in air through both a slit array formed of aluminum slats and a single open-ended slit cavity in an aluminum plate. Our experimental results accord ...
  • Bounded real and positive real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems 

    Guiver, Chris; Opmeer, Mark R. (American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013)
    Bounded real balanced truncation for infinite-dimensional systems is considered. This provides reduced order finite-dimensional systems that retain bounded realness. We obtain an error bound analogous to the finite-dimensional ...
  • Bounds on the dynamics of sink populations with noisy immigration 

    Eager, Eric Alan; Guiver, Chris; Hodgson, David J.; Rebarber, Richard; Stott, Iain; Townley, Stuart (Elsevier, 2014)
    Sink populations are doomed to decline to extinction in the absence of immigration. The dynamics of sink populations are not easily modelled using the standard framework of per capita rates of immigration, because numbers ...
  • Highway bridge live loading assessment and load carrying estimation using a health monitoring system 

    Moyo, P; Brownjohn, James; Omenzetter, P (Institution of Civil Engineers, 2015)
    The Land Transport Authority of Singapore has a continuing program of highway bridge upgrading, to refurbish and strengthen bridges to allow for increasing vehicle traffic and increasing axle loads. One subject of this ...
  • Bridge structural condition assessment using systematically validated finite-element model 

    Xia, Pin-Qi; Brownjohn, James (American Society of Civil Engineers, 2004-09)
    Structural condition assessment of highway bridges is largely based on visual observations described by subjective indices, and it is necessary to develop methodology for accurate and reliable condition assessment of ...
  • Briefing: Negotiating value at the research-practice interface in the water sector 

    Gormley-Gallagher, A; Amezaga, J; Shucksmith, J; Savic, D; Templeton, M; McAdam, E; Jeffrey, P (Thomas Telford (ICE Publishing), 2015-01-01)
    Lessons from experiences of managing an engineering doctorate programme are delineated in this paper, with particular emphasis on the relationship between research and practice. The paper reports on applied, practice-oriented ...
  • Bright-white beetle scales optimise multiple scattering of light 

    Burresi, M; Cortese, L; Pattelli, L; Kolle, M; Vukusic, P; Wiersma, DS; Steiner, U; Vignolini, S (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
    Whiteness arises from diffuse and broadband reflection of light typically achieved through optical scattering in randomly structured media. In contrast to structural colour due to coherent scattering, white appearance ...
  • The Brightest Young Star Clusters in NGC 5253 

    Calzetti, D; Johnson, KE; Adamo, A; Gallagher III, JS; Andrews, JE; Smith, LJ; Clayton, GC; Lee, JC; Sabbi, E; Ubeda, L; Kim, H; Ryon, JE; Thilker, D; Bright, SN; Zackrisson, E; Kennicutt, RC; Mink, SED; Whitmore, BC; Aloisi, A; Chandar, R; Cignoni, M; Cook, D; Dale, DA; Elmegreen, BG; Elmegreen, DM; Evans, AS; Fumagalli, M; Gouliermis, DA; Grasha, K; Grebel, EK; Krumholz, MR; Walterbos, R; Wofford, A; Brown, TM; Christian, C; Dobbs, C; Herrero, A; Kahre, L; Messa, M; Nair, P; Nota, A; Oestlin, G; Pellerin, A; Sacchi, E; Schaerer, D; Tosi, M (American Astronomical Society, 2015-09-24)
    The nearby dwarf starburst galaxy NGC5253 hosts a number of young, massive star clusters, the two youngest of which are centrally concentrated and surrounded by thermal radio emission (the `radio nebula'). To investigate ...
  • Brillouin scattering study on the single-crystal elastic properties of natrolite and analcime zeolites 

    Sanchez-Valle, Carmen; Sinogeikin, Stanislav V.; Lethbridge, Zoe A. D.; Walton, Richard I.; Smith, Christopher W.; Evans, Kenneth E.; Bass, Jay D. (American Institute of Physics, 2005)
    The Brillouin light-scattering technique was used to investigate the single-crystal elastic properties of two aluminosilicate zeolites, natrolite (NAT) and analcime (ANA), at ambient conditions. An inversion of the acoustic ...
  • Brillouin spectroscopy applied to protein fibers of the extracellular matrix 

    Edginton, RS; Mattana, S; Caponi, S; Fioretto, D; Green, E; Winlove, CP; Palombo, F (Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE), 2016)
    Brillouin spectroscopy is an emerging technique in the biomedical field. It probes the mechanical properties of a sample through the interaction of visible light with thermally induced acoustic waves or phonons propagating ...
  • Broad range of 2050 warming from an observationally constrained large climate model ensemble 

    Rowlands, Daniel J.; Frame, David J.; Ackerley, Duncan; Aina, Tolu; Booth, Ben B.B.; Christensen, Carl; Collins, Matthew; Faull, Nicholas; Forest, Chris E.; Grandey, Benjamin S.; Gryspeerdt, Edward; Highwood, Eleanor J.; Ingram, William J.; Knight, Sylvia; Lopez, Ana; Massey, Neil; McNamara, Frances; Meinshausen, Nicolai; Piani, Claudio; Rosier, Suzanne M.; Sanderson, Benjamin M.; Smith, Leonard A.; Stone, Daithi A.; hurston, Milo; Yamazaki, Kuniko; Yamazak, Y. Hiro; Allen, Myles R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012)
    Incomplete understanding of three aspects of the climate system—equilibrium climate sensitivity, rate of ocean heat uptake and historical aerosol forcing—and the physical processes underlying them lead to uncertainties in ...