Now showing items 259-278 of 2808

  • Bright-white beetle scales optimise multiple scattering of light 

    Burresi, M; Cortese, L; Pattelli, L; Kolle, M; Vukusic, P; Wiersma, DS; Steiner, U; Vignolini, S (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
    Whiteness arises from diffuse and broadband reflection of light typically achieved through optical scattering in randomly structured media. In contrast to structural colour due to coherent scattering, white appearance ...
  • The Brightest Young Star Clusters in NGC 5253 

    Calzetti, D; Johnson, KE; Adamo, A; Gallagher III, JS; Andrews, JE; Smith, LJ; Clayton, GC; Lee, JC; Sabbi, E; Ubeda, L; Kim, H; Ryon, JE; Thilker, D; Bright, SN; Zackrisson, E; Kennicutt, RC; Mink, SED; Whitmore, BC; Aloisi, A; Chandar, R; Cignoni, M; Cook, D; Dale, DA; Elmegreen, BG; Elmegreen, DM; Evans, AS; Fumagalli, M; Gouliermis, DA; Grasha, K; Grebel, EK; Krumholz, MR; Walterbos, R; Wofford, A; Brown, TM; Christian, C; Dobbs, C; Herrero, A; Kahre, L; Messa, M; Nair, P; Nota, A; Oestlin, G; Pellerin, A; Sacchi, E; Schaerer, D; Tosi, M (American Astronomical Society, 2015-09-24)
    The nearby dwarf starburst galaxy NGC5253 hosts a number of young, massive star clusters, the two youngest of which are centrally concentrated and surrounded by thermal radio emission (the `radio nebula'). To investigate ...
  • Brillouin scattering study on the single-crystal elastic properties of natrolite and analcime zeolites 

    Sanchez-Valle, Carmen; Sinogeikin, Stanislav V.; Lethbridge, Zoe A. D.; Walton, Richard I.; Smith, Christopher W.; Evans, Kenneth E.; Bass, Jay D. (American Institute of Physics, 2005)
    The Brillouin light-scattering technique was used to investigate the single-crystal elastic properties of two aluminosilicate zeolites, natrolite (NAT) and analcime (ANA), at ambient conditions. An inversion of the acoustic ...
  • Preparation of Extracellular Matrix Protein Fibers for Brillouin Spectroscopy 

    Edginton, RS; Mattana, S; Caponi, S; Fioretto, D; Green, E; Winlove, CP; Palombo, F (Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE), 2016-09-15)
    Brillouin spectroscopy is an emerging technique in the biomedical field. It probes the mechanical properties of a sample through the interaction of visible light with thermally induced acoustic waves or phonons propagating ...
  • Broad range of 2050 warming from an observationally constrained large climate model ensemble 

    Rowlands, Daniel J.; Frame, David J.; Ackerley, Duncan; Aina, Tolu; Booth, Ben B.B.; Christensen, Carl; Collins, Matthew; Faull, Nicholas; Forest, Chris E.; Grandey, Benjamin S.; Gryspeerdt, Edward; Highwood, Eleanor J.; Ingram, William J.; Knight, Sylvia; Lopez, Ana; Massey, Neil; McNamara, Frances; Meinshausen, Nicolai; Piani, Claudio; Rosier, Suzanne M.; Sanderson, Benjamin M.; Smith, Leonard A.; Stone, Daithi A.; hurston, Milo; Yamazaki, Kuniko; Yamazak, Y. Hiro; Allen, Myles R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2012)
    Incomplete understanding of three aspects of the climate system—equilibrium climate sensitivity, rate of ocean heat uptake and historical aerosol forcing—and the physical processes underlying them lead to uncertainties in ...
  • Broad-band polarization conversion from a finite periodic structure in the microwave regime 

    Hallam, B. T.; Lawrence, Christopher R.; Hooper, Ian R.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics, 2004)
    A reflection grating demonstrating extraordinarily broad-band polarization conversion in a nondiffractive regime has been studied at microwave frequencies. This single-element structure has been fabricated by electrolessly ...
  • Broadband and broadangle extraordinary acoustic transmission through subwavelength apertures surrounded by fluids 

    Carretero-Palacios, S.; Murray, Alasdair R.J.; Martín-Moreno, L.; Hibbins, Alastair P. (IOP Publishing for Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, 2014)
    We present a mechanism for ultra-broadband transmission of acoustic waves through subwavelength hole arrays. Different fluids surrounding (or filling) the holes are considered, which allows tuning of the band of maximum ...
  • Broadband and efficient plasmonic control in the near-infrared and visible via strong interference of surface plasmon polaritons 

    Gan, C.H.; Nash, Geoffrey R. (Optical Society of America, 2013)
    Broadband and tunable control of surface plasmon polaritons in the near-infrared and visible spectrum is demonstrated theoretically and numerically with a pair of phased nanoslits. We establish, with simulations supported ...
  • Broadband and low loss high refractive index metamaterials in the microwave regime 

    Campbell, T.; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy; Hooper, Ian R. (American Institute of Physics, 2013)
    A broadband, low-loss, isotropic, high refractive index metamaterial comprising an array of close-packed cubic elements of cross-linked square metal plates is demonstrated in the microwave regime. The structuring of the ...
  • Broadband impedance-matched electromagnetic structured ferrite composite in the megahertz range 

    Parke, L.; Youngs, I.J.; Hibbins, Alastair P.; Sambles, J. Roy (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014)
    A high refractive-index structured ferrite composite is designed to experimentally demonstrate broadband impedance matching to free-space. It consists of an array of ferrite cubes that are anisotropically spaced, thereby ...
  • Brown dwarfs and very low mass stars in the Hyades cluster : a dynamically evolved mass function 

    Bouvier, Jerome; Kendall, T.R.; Meeus, G.; Testi, L.; Moraux, E.; Stauffer, J.R.; James, D.; Cuillandre, J.C.; Irwin, J.; McCaughrean, M.J.; Baraffe, I.; Bertin, E. (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2008)
    We conducted a search for brown dwarfs (BDs) and very low mass (VLM) stars in the 625 Myr-old Hyades cluster in order to derive the cluster's mass function across the stellar-substellar boundary. We performed a deep (I=23, ...
  • BSim: an agent-based tool for modeling bacterial populations in systems and synthetic biology. 

    Gorochowski, TE; Matyjaszkiewicz, Antoni; Todd, T; Oak, N; Kowalska, K; Reid, S; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Savery, NJ; Grierson, CS; Di Bernardo, Mario (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2012)
    Large-scale collective behaviors such as synchronization and coordination spontaneously arise in many bacterial populations. With systems biology attempting to understand these phenomena, and synthetic biology opening up ...
  • Buckling behavior of carbon nanotubes under bending: from ripple to kink 

    Wang, CG; Liu, YP; Al-Ghalith, J; Dumitrică, T; Wadee, M. Khurram; Tan, HF (Elsevier, 2016-06)
    This paper elucidates the buckling behavior of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) under bending. CNTs are modeled as continuous thin-wall circular tubes, and their buckling is governed by equations that take into account of the ...
  • Buckling of scroll waves 

    Dierckx, H.; Verschelde, H.; Selsil, O.; Biktashev, V. N. (American Physical Society, 2012)
    A scroll wave in a sufficiently thin layer of an excitable medium with negative filament tension can be stable nevertheless due to filament rigidity. Above a certain critical thickness of the medium, such scroll wave will ...
  • The Build-up to Eruptive Solar Events Viewed as the Development of Chiral Systems 

    Martin, Sara F.; Panasenco, Olga; Berger, M.A.; Engvold, Oddbjorn; Lin, Yong; Pevtsov, Alexei A.; Srivastava, Nandita (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2012)
    When we examine the chirality or observed handedness of the chromospheric and coronal structures involved in the long-term build-up to eruptive events, we find that they evolve in very specific ways to form two and only ...
  • Building a better future: An exploration of beliefs about climate change and perceived need for adaptation within the building industry 

    Morton, Thomas A.; Bretschneider, Pamela; Coley, David; Kershaw, Tristan (Elsevier, 2011)
    The present research explored beliefs about climate change among an important yet relatively understudied population: representatives of the building industry. We also assessed the perceived adequacy of current climate-related ...
  • Building a traceable climate model hierarchy with multi-level emulators 

    Giang T. Tran; Kevin I. C. Oliver; András Sóbester; David J. J. Toal; Philip B. Holden; Robert Marsh; Challenor, PG; Neil R. Edwards (Copernicus Publications, 2016-04-18)
    To study climate change on multi-millennial timescales or to explore a model's parameter space, efficient models with simplified and parameterised processes are required. However, the reduction in explicitly modelled ...
  • A Ca2+-based computational model for NMDA receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity at individual post-synaptic spines in the Hippocampus. 

    Rackham, OJ; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Ganesh, A; Mellor, JR (Frontiers, 2010)
    Associative synaptic plasticity is synapse specific and requires coincident activity in pre-synaptic and post-synaptic neurons to activate NMDA receptors (NMDARs). The resultant Ca(2+) influx is the critical trigger for ...
  • CADDIES: A New Framework for Rapid Development of Parallel Cellular Automata Algorithms for Flood Simulation 

    Guidolin, Michele; Duncan, Andrew; Ghimire, Bidur; Gibson, Mike; Keedwell, Edward; Chen, Albert S.; Djordjevic, Slobodan; Savic, Dragan (IWA (International Water Association), 2012-07-20)
    A recent trend in the development of flood simulation algorithms shows the move toward fast simplified models instead of slow full hydrodynamic models. CADDIES is a research project that aims to develop a real/near-real ...
  • CADDIES: a new framework for rapid development of parallel cellular automata algorithms for flood simulation 

    Guidolin, Michele; Duncan, Andrew; Ghimire, B; Gibson, M; Keedwell, Edward; Chen, Albert S.; Djordjevic, Slobodan; Savic, Dragan (2012)
    Cellular automata (CA) algorithms can be used for quickly describing models of complex systems using simple rules. CADDIES is a new EPSRC and industry-sponsored project that aims to use the computational speed of CA ...