Now showing items 321-340 of 4262

  • Benchmark problems for continuum radiative transfer. High optical depths, anisotropic scattering, and polarisation 

    Pinte, C; Harries, TJ; Min, M; Watson, AM; Dullemond, CP; Woitke, P; Menard, F; Duran-Rojas, MC (EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO), 2009-03-11)
    Aims. Solving the continuum radiative transfer equation in high opacity media requires sophisticated numerical tools. In order to test the reliability of such tools, we present a benchmark of radiative transfer codes in a ...
  • Benchmarking and developing numerical Finite Element models of volcanic deformation 

    Hickey, J; Gottsmann, J (Elsevier, 2014-06)
    Volcanic deformation during an unrest episode can provide valuable insights into potential magmatic plumbing system dynamics. Paramount to this is a model linking the recorded ground movement to the causative source ...
  • Benchmarking energy consumption and CO2 emissions from rainwater harvesting systems: an improved method by proxy 

    Ward, Sarah; Butler, David; Memon, Fayyaz (IWA (International Water Association), 2010)
    Life cycle analyses (LCAs) show the main operational energy contribution for rainwater-harvesting (RWH) systems come from ultraviolet (UV) disinfection and pumping rainwater from tank to building. Simple methods of estimating ...
  • Benchmarking the Multi-dimensional Stellar Implicit Code MUSIC 

    Goffrey, T; Pratt, J; Viallet, M; Baraffe, I; Popov, MV; Walder, R; Folini, D; Geroux, C; Constantino, T (arXiv.org, 2016-10-31)
    We present the results of a numerical benchmark study for the MUlti-dimensional Stellar Implicit Code (MUSIC) based on widely applicable two- and three-dimensional compressible hydrodynamics problems relevant to stellar ...
  • The Benefits of Laser Scanning & 3D Modelling in Accident Investigation: In a Mining Context 

    Foster, P.J.; Jobling-Purser, J; Coggan, John; Eyre, Matthew (Maney on behalf of the Institute and The AusIMM, 2015-06-16)
    Accurate reconstruction of the facts and causes surrounding accidents is critical if the mining industry is to learn from incidents and prevent future events. Effective accident investigation and training are essential ...
  • Best practice report - installation procedures 

    Maisondieu, C; Johanning, L; Weller, S (MERIFIC, 2014-03)
    This report is a deliverable of MERiFIC Task 3. 6: ‘Installation Procedures’ and has been produced in a cross border collaboration between IFREMER and the University of Exeter. In this report different elements are ...
  • Best practice report – mooring of floating marine renewable energy devices 

    Weller, S; Johanning, L; Davies, P (MERIFIC, 2013-09)
    This report is a deliverable of MERiFIC Work Package 3: ‘Dynamic Behaviour of Marine Energy Devices’ involving the collaboration of IFREMER (Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer) in France and the ...
  • Best practice report – operation and maintenance requirements 

    Weller, S; Maisondieu, C; Johanning, L; Weller, S (MERIFIC, 2014-01)
    This report is a deliverable of MERiFIC Work Package 3.6: ‘Operation and Maintenance requirements’ and has been produced as a cross border collaboration between IFREMER and the University of Exeter. The report provides ...
  • Best practices for post-processing ensemble climate forecasts, part I: selecting appropriate recalibration methods 

    Sansom, PG; Ferro, CAT; Stephenson, DB; Goddard, L; Mason, SJ (American Meteorological Society, 2016)
    This study describes a systematic approach to selecting optimal statistical recalibration methods and hindcast designs for producing reliable probability forecasts on seasonal-to-decadal time scales. A new recalibration ...
  • Beyond in-phase and anti-phase coordination in a model of joint action 

    Avitabile, D; Słowiński, P; Bardy, B; Tsaneva-Atanasova, K (Springer Verlag (Germany), 2016-06-08)
    In 1985, Haken, Kelso and Bunz proposed a system of coupled nonlinear oscillators as a model of rhythmic movement patterns in human bimanual coordination. Since then, the Haken–Kelso–Bunz (HKB) model has become a modelling ...
  • Beyond spatial scalability limitations with a massively parallel method for linear oscillatory problems 

    Schreiber, M; Peixoto, P; Haut, T; Wingate, B (SAGE Publications, 2017-02-03)
    This paper presents, discusses and analyses a massively parallel-in-time solver for linear oscillatory PDEs, which is a key numerical component for evolving weather, ocean, climate and seismic models. The time parallelization ...
  • Beyond von-Neumann computing with nanoscale phase-change memory devices 

    Wright, CD; Hosseini, P; Vazquez-Diosdado, JA (Wiley, 2013-05-13)
    Historically, the application of phase-change materials and devices has been limited to the provision of non-volatile memories. Recently however the potential has been demonstrated for using phase-change devices as the ...
  • A bias-corrected decomposition of the Brier score 

    Ferro, Christopher A.T.; Fricker, Thomas E. (Royal Meteorological Society, 2012)
    The Brier score is a widely used measure of performance for probabilistic forecasts of event occurrences and is often decomposed additively into three terms that quantify the reliability and resolution of the forecasts and ...
  • Biclustering models for structured microarray data 

    Turner, Heather L.; Bailey, Trevor C.; Krzanowski, Wojtek J.; Hemingway, Cheryl A. (IEEE, 2005)
    Microarrays have become a standard tool for investigating gene function and more complex microarray experiments are increasingly being conducted. For example, an experiment may involve samples from several groups or may ...
  • Bidirectional transport and pulsing states in a multi-lane ASEP model 

    Lin, Congping; Steinberg, Gero; Ashwin, Peter (IOP Publishing, 2011)
    In this paper, we introduce an ASEP-like transport model for bidirectional motion of particles on a multi-lane lattice. The model is motivated by {\em in vivo} experiments on organelle motility along a microtubule (MT), ...
  • Bielectron vortices in two-dimensional Dirac semimetals 

    Downing, CA; Portnoi, ME (Springer Nature, 2017-10-12)
    Searching for new states of matter and unusual quasi-particles in emerging materials and especially low-dimensional systems is one of the major trends in contemporary condensed matter physics. Dirac materials, which host ...
  • Bielectron vortices in two-dimensional Dirac semimetals 

    Downing, CA; Portnoi, ME (Springer Nature, 2017-10-12)
    Searching for new states of matter and unusual quasi-particles in emerging materials and especially low-dimensional systems is one of the major trends in contemporary condensed matter physics. Dirac materials, which host ...
  • Bifurcation analysis of a rigid impact oscillator with bilinear damping 

    Zhang, L; Jiang, H; Liu, Y (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018-03-12)
    This paper studies a rigid impact oscillator with bilinear damping developed as the mechanical model of an impulsive switched system. The stability and the bifurcation of periodic orbits in the impact oscillator are ...
  • Bifurcation Analysis of a Two-Compartment Hippocampal Pyramidal Cell Model 

    Atherton, LA; Prince, LY; Tsaneva-Atanasova, KT (Springer Verlag, 2016-05-25)
    The Pinsky-Rinzel model is a non-smooth 2-compartmental CA3 pyramidal cell model that has been used widely within the field of neuroscience. Here we propose a modified (smooth) system that captures the qualitative behaviour ...
  • Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Niño Southern Oscillation. 

    Krauskopf, Bernd; Sieber, J. (Royal Society, 2014)
    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops ...