Now showing items 81-100 of 3933

  • Age-dependent patterns of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. 

    Brooks-Pollock, Ellen; Conlan, Andrew J. K.; Mitchell, Andrew P.; Blackwell, R; McKinley, Trevelyan J.; Wood, James L. N. (BioMed Central, 2013-10-16)
    Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is an important livestock disease, seriously impacting cattle industries in both industrialised and pre-industrialised countries. Like TB in other mammals, infection is life long and, if undiagnosed, ...
  • Age-related changes in the effects of strength training on lower leg muscles in healthy individuals measured using MRI 

    Psatha, M; Wu, Z; Gammie, F; Ratkevicius, A; Wackerhage, H; Redpath, TW; Gilbert, FJ; Meakin, JR; Aspden, RM (BMJ Publishing Group, 2017)
    Background: We previously measured the rate of regaining muscle strength during rehabilitation of lower leg muscles in patients following lower leg casting. Our primary aim in this study was to measure the rate of ...
  • Agent-based hierarchical production planning and scheduling in make-to-order manufacturing system 

    He, N; Zhang, DZ; Li, Q (Elsevier, 2013-08-29)
    Nowadays, manufacturing organisations face increasing pressures from the frequent change in product type, continuous demand fluctuation and unexpected change in customer requirements. In order to survive in the turbulent ...
  • Aharonov-Bohm quantum rings in high-Q microcavities 

    Alexeev, Arseny; Shelykh, I.A.; Portnoi, M.E. (American Physical Society, 2013)
    A single-mode microcavity with an embedded Aharonov-Bohm quantum ring, which is pierced by a magnetic flux and subjected to a lateral electric field, is studied theoretically. It is shown that external electric and magnetic ...
  • Airflow energy harvesting with high wind velocities for industrial applications 

    Chew, ZJ; Tuddenham, SB; Zhu, M (IOP Publishing, 2016)
    An airflow energy harvester capable of harvesting energy from vortices at high speed is presented in this paper. The airflow energy harvester is implemented using a modified helical Savonius turbine and an electromagnetic ...
  • An algorithm for Monte Carlo time-dependent radiation transfer 

    Harries, TJ (Oxford University Press (OUP) / Royal Astronomical Society, 2011-09-11)
    A new Monte Carlo algorithm for calculating time-dependent radiative transfer under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium is presented. Unlike flux-limited diffusion, the method is polychromatic, includes ...
  • Algorithmic corrections for localization microscopy with sCMOS cameras - characterisation of a computationally efficient localization approach 

    Lin, R; Clowsley, AH; Jayasinghe, ID; Baddeley, D; Soeller, C (Optical Society of America, 2017-05-10)
    Modern sCMOS cameras are attractive for single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) due to their high speed but suffer from pixel non-uniformities that can affect localization precision and accuracy. We present a ...
  • All-frequency reflectionlessness 

    Philbin, Thomas G. (IOP Publishing, 2015-12-11)
    We derive planar permittivity profiles that do not reflect perpendicularly exiting radiation of any frequency. The materials obey the Kramers-Kronig relations and have no regions of gain. Reduction of the Casimir force by ...
  • All-graphene photodetectors 

    Withers, Freddie; Bointon, Thomas H.; Craciun, Monica F.; Russo, Saverio (American Chemical Society, 2013)
    We investigate the optoelectronic properties of novel graphene/FeCl3-intercalated few-layer graphene (FeCl3-FLG, dubbed graphexeter) heterostructures using photovoltage spectroscopy. We observe a prominent photovoltage ...
  • All-Optical Generation of Surface Plasmons in Graphene 

    Constant, Thomas J.; Hornett, Samuel M.; Chang, D.E.; Hendry, Euan (Cornell University, 2015-05-01)
    Here we present an all-optical plasmon coupling scheme, utilising the intrinsic nonlinear optical response of graphene. We demonstrate coupling of free-space, visible light pulses to the surface plasmons in a planar, ...
  • Alleviating health risks associated with rainwater harvesting 

    Ward, SL; Butler, D; Daly, B; Deegan, AM; Maganha de Almeida, AC; Lennox, I (NRC Research Press, 2017-03-31)
    Perceived and real public health risks associated with the quality of water from alternative water sources and supply systems, such as rainwater harvesting (RWH) and grey water reuse, continue to restrict their uptake in ...
  • Almost sure convergence of maxima for chaotic dynamical systems 

    Holland, Mark P.; Nicol, Matthew; Török, János (Cornell University Library, 2016-03-21)
    Suppose (f,X,ν) is a measure preserving dynamical system and ϕ:X→R is an observable with some degree of regularity. We investigate the maximum process M n :=max{X 1 ,…,X n } , where X i =ϕ∘f i is a time series of observations ...
  • Alteration and vein mineralisation within the Lizard complex, south Cornwall: Constraints on the timing of serpentinisation. 

    Power, M.R.; Shail, R.K.; Alexander, A.C.; Scott, P.W. (The Ussher Society, 1997-02)
    Two distinct episodes of serpentinisation have been identified within the peridotites of the Lizard complex. The first episode (primary serpentinisation) is represented by the complex and pervasive hydration of the Lizard ...
  • Altered intrinsic excitability of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in aged PDAPP mice 

    Tamagnini, F; Novelia, J; Kerrigan, TL; Brown, JT; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Randall, AD (Frontiers, 2015-10-14)
    Amyloidopathy involves the accumulation of insoluble amyloid b (Ab) species in the brain’s parenchyma and is a key histopathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Work on transgenic mice that overexpress Ab ...
  • Altered intrinsic pyramidal neuron properties and pathway-specific synaptic dysfunction underlie aberrant hippocampal network function in a mouse model of Tauopathy. 

    Booth, Clair A.; Witton, J; Nowacki, J; Tsaneva-Atanasova, Krasimira; Jones, MW; Randall, AD; Brown, JT (Society for Neuroscience -, 2016-01-13)
    The formation and deposition of tau protein aggregates is proposed to contribute to cognitive impairments in dementia by disrupting neuronal function in brain regions, including the hippocampus. We used a battery of in ...
  • An alternative calculation of the Casimir forces between birefringent plates 

    Philbin, Thomas G.; Leonhardt, Ulf (American Physical Society, 2008)
    Barash has calculated the Casimir forces between parallel birefringent plates with optical axes parallel to the plate boundaries [Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn.\ Zaved., Radiofiz., {\bf 12}, 1637 (1978)]. The interesting new feature ...
  • Alternative Infill Strategies for Expensive Multi-Objective Optimisation 

    Rahat, A; Everson, RM; Fieldsend, JE (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2017-07-15)
    Many multi-objective optimisation problems incorporate computationally or financially expensive objective functions. State-of-the-art algorithms therefore construct surrogate model(s) of the parameter space to objective ...
  • Alternative stable scroll waves and conversion of autowave turbulence 

    Foulkes, A. J.; Barkley, D.; Biktashev, V. N.; Biktasheva, I. V. (American Institute of Physics, 2010)
    Rotating spiral and scroll waves (vortices) are investigated in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model of excitable media. The focus is on a parameter region in which there exists bistability between alternative stable vortices with ...
  • Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface temperature. 

    Harris, PP; Huntingford, C; Cox, PM (Royal Society, 2008-05-27)
    The Hadley Centre coupled climate-carbon cycle model (HadCM3LC) predicts loss of the Amazon rainforest in response to future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the atmospheric component of HadCM3LC is ...
  • AMBER closure and differential phases: accuracy and calibration with a beam commutation 

    Millour, F; Petrov, RG; Vannier, M; Kraus, S (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2008-07-28)
    The first astrophysical results of the VLTI focal instrument AMBER have shown the importance of the differential and closure phase measures, which are supposed to be much less sensitive to atmospheric and instrumental ...