Browsing Mathematics Research Institute (MRI) by Title
Now showing items 1332 of 68

Conditions for sinktosource transitions and runaway feedbacks from the land carbon cycle
(Cambridge University Press, 200602)The first GCM climatecarbon cycle simulation indicated that the land biosphere could provide a significant acceleration of 21st century climate change (Cox et al. 2000). In this numerical experiment the carbon storage was ... 
Convergence to local random attractors
(Taylor & Francis, 2003)Random attractors allow one to classify qualitative and quantitative aspects of the longtime behaviour of stochastically forced systems viewed as random dynamical systems (RDS) in an analogous way to attractors for ... 
Cycling chaotic attractors in two models for dynamics with invariant subspaces
(American Institute of Physics, 2004)Nonergodic attractors can robustly appear in symmetric systems as structurally stable cycles between saddletype invariant sets. These saddles may be chaotic giving rise to "cycling chaos." The robustness of such attractors ... 
Decelerating defects and nonergodic critical behaviour in a unidirectionally coupled map lattice
(Elsevier, 2003)We examine a coupled map lattice (CML) consisting of an infinite chain of logistic maps coupled in one direction by inhibitory coupling. We find that for sufficiently strong coupling strength there are dynamical states ... 
Discrete computation using a perturbed heteroclinic network
(Elsevier, 2005)Transient synchronization into clusters appears in many biological and physical systems and seems to be important for computation within neural systems. In this paper we show how one can robustly and effectively perform ... 
Dynamics on networks of cluster states for globally coupled phase oscillators
(Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2007)Systems of globally coupled phase oscillators can have robust attractors that are heteroclinic networks. We investigate such a heteroclinic network between partially synchronized states where the phases cluster into three ... 
Effective diffusion of scalar fields in a chaotic flow
(American Institute of Physics, 2008)The advection of a tracer field in a fluid flow can create complex scalar structures and increase the effect of weak diffusion by orders of magnitude. One tool to quantify this is to measure the flux of scalar across contour ... 
Effects of frozen soil on soil temperature, spring infiltration, and runoff: results from the PILPS 2(d) experiment at Valdai, Russia
(American Meteorological Society, 20091218)The Project for Intercomparison of LandSurface Parameterization Schemes phase 2(d) experiment at Valdai, Russia, offers a unique opportunity to evaluate land surface schemes, especially snow and frozen soil parameterizations. ... 
Elliptic behaviour in the sawtooth standard map
(Elsevier, 1997)This paper examines the standard map with sawtooth nonlinearity when the eigenvalues of the Jacobian lie on the unit circle. This is an areapreserving map of the torus to itself that is linear except on a line on which ... 
Encoding via conjugate symmetries of slow oscillations for globally coupled oscillators
(American Physical Society, 2004)We study properties of the dynamics underlying slow cluster oscillations in two systems of five globally coupled oscillators. These slow oscillations are due to the appearance of structurally stable heteroclinic connections ... 
Energycrossing number relations for braided magnetic fields
(American Physical Society, 1993)This Letter derives lower bounds on the energy of braided magnetic fields, based on crossing number techniques pioneered by Freedman and He. Mean crossing numbers are defined for magnetic fields inside a cylinder; for ... 
Explicit representation of subgrid heterogeneity in a GCM land surface scheme
(American Meteorological Society, 2003)A land surface scheme that may be run with or without a tiled representation of subgrid heterogeneity and includes an implicit atmospheric coupling scheme is described. Simulated average surface air temperatures and diurnal ... 
Extreme Sensitivity to Detuning for Globally Coupled Phase Oscillators
(American Physical Society, 2006)We discuss the sensitivity of a population of coupled oscillators to differences in their natural frequencies, i.e., to detuning. We argue that for three or more oscillators, one can get great sensitivity even if the ... 
Fast simulation of phasechange processes in chalcogenide alloys using a Gillespietype cellular automata approach
(American Institute of Physics, 2008)A stochastic cellular automata simulator capable of spatiotemporal modeling of the crystallization and amorphization behavior of phasechange materials during the complex annealing cycles used in optical and electrical ... 
Fractal properties of forest fires in Amazonia as a basis for modelling pantropical burnt area.
(European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2014)Current methods for modelling burnt area in dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs) involve complex fire spread calculations, which rely on many inputs, including fuel characteristics, wind speed and countless parameters. ... 
Front propagation in a phase field model with phasedependent heat absorption
(Elsevier, 2006)We present a model for the spatiotemporal behaviour of films exposed to radiative heating, where the film can change reversibly between amorphous (glassy) and crystalline states. Such phase change materials are used ... 
GLACE: the global land–atmosphere coupling experiment. Part I: overview
(American Meteorological Society, 2006)The Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) is a model intercomparison study focusing on a typically neglected yet critical element of numerical weather and climate modeling: land–atmosphere coupling strength, ... 
GLACE: the global land–atmosphere coupling experiment. Part II: analysis
(American Meteorological Society, 2006)The 12 weather and climate models participating in the Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) show both a wide variation in the strength of land–atmosphere coupling and some intriguing commonalities. In this ... 
Group theoretic conditions for existence of robust relative homoclinic trajectories
(Cambridge University Press, 2002)We consider robust relative homoclinic trajectories (RHTs) for Gequivariant vector fields. We give some conditions on the group and representation that imply existence of equivariant vector fields with such trajectories. ... 
Hopf bifurcation with cubic symmetry and instability of ABC
(Royal Society, 2003)We examine the dynamics of generic Hopf bifurcation in a system that is symmetric under the action of the rotational symmetries of the cube. We classify the generic branches of periodic solutions at bifurcation; there are ...