Now showing items 56-75 of 1823

  • Anthropogenic noise increases fish mortality by predation 

    Simpson, SD; Radford, AN; Nedelec, SL; Ferrari, MCO; Chivers, DP; McCormick, MI; Meekan, MG (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-02-05)
    Noise-generating human activities affect hearing, communication and movement in terrestrial and aquatic animals, but direct evidence for impacts on survival is rare. We examined effects of motorboat noise on post-settlement ...
  • Anthropogenic noise playback impairs embryonic development and increases mortality in a marine invertebrate. 

    Nedelec, SL; Radford, AN; Simpson, SD; Nedelec, B; Lecchini, D; Mills, SC (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07-31)
    Human activities can create noise pollution and there is increasing international concern about how this may impact wildlife. There is evidence that anthropogenic noise may have detrimental effects on behaviour and physiology ...
  • Anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon fluxes from land to ocean 

    Regnier, P; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Mackenzie, FT; Gruber, N; Janssens, IA; Laruelle, GG; Lauerwald, R; Luyssaert, S; Andersson, AJ; Arndt, S; Arnosti, C; Borges, AV; Dale, AW; Gallego-Sala, Angela V.; Goddéris, Y; Goossens, N; Hartmann, J; Heinze, C; Ilyina, T; Joos, F; Larowe, DE; Leifeld, J; Meysman, FJR; Munhoven, G; Raymond, PA; Spahni, R; Suntharalingam, P; Thullner, M (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-06-09)
    A substantial amount of the atmospheric carbon taken up on land through photosynthesis and chemical weathering is transported laterally along the aquatic continuum from upland terrestrial ecosystems to the ocean. So far, ...
  • Antibiotic cycling versus mixing: the difficulty of using mathematical models to definitively quantify their relative merits. 

    Pena-Miller, R; Beardmore, Robert (American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2010-10)
    We ask the question Which antibiotic deployment protocols select best against drug-resistant microbes: mixing or periodic cycling? and demonstrate that the statistical distribution of the performances of both sets of ...
  • Anticipating ubiquitous computing: Logics to forecast technological futures 

    Kinsley, Samuel (Elsevier, 2011-03)
    Visions of the future predict spaces apparently teaming with ever more novel and pervasive technologies. Significant amongst such forecasts is the notion of ‘ubiquitous computing’ (ubicomp), understood as an affordance or ...
  • Antioxidant supplementation during early development reduces parasite load but does not affect sexual ornament expression in adult ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus 

    Orledge, JM; Blount, Jonathan D.; Hoodless, AN; Royle, NJ (Wiley/ British Ecological Society, 2012-03-12)
    1. The ‘parasite-mediated sexual selection’ (PMSS) hypothesis predicts that exaggerated male ornamentation could provide a signal to females of a males ability to resist parasites. Empirical tests of the PMSS have been ...
  • Anxiety, Attentional Control, and Performance Impairment in Penalty Kicks 

    Wilson, Mark R.; Wood, G; Vine, Samuel J. (HUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC, 2009-12)
    The current study sought to test the predictions of attentional control theory (ACT) in a sporting environment. Fourteen experienced footballers took penalty kicks under low- and high-threat counterbalanced conditions while ...
  • AP39, a novel mitochondria-targeted hydrogen sulfide donor, stimulates cellular bioenergetics, exerts cytoprotective effects and protects against the loss of mitochondrial DNA integrity in oxidatively stressed endothelial cells in vitro. 

    Szczesny, B; Módis, K; Yanagi, K; Coletta, C; Le Trionnaire, S; Perry, A; Wood, ME; Whiteman, M; Szabo, C (Elsevier, 2014-04-19)
    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of the recently synthesized mitochondrially-targeted H2S donor, AP39 [(10-oxo-10-(4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2-dithiol-5yl)phenoxy)decyl) triphenylphosphonium bromide], ...
  • Applying generalizability theory to examine the antecedents of perceived coach support 

    Coussens, Adam H.; Rees, T; Freeman, P (Human Kinetics, 2015-02)
    Although social support is integral to the coaching process, there is only a limited understanding of the antecedents of perceived coach support. We applied generalizability theory to examine perceived coach support and ...
  • Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts 

    Littlechild, JA (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015-08-19)
    Archaeal enzymes are playing an important role in industrial biotechnology. Many representatives of organisms living in “extreme” conditions, the so-called Extremophiles, belong to the archaeal kingdom of life. This paper ...
  • Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies 

    Mills, JA; Teplitsky, C; Arroyo, B; Charmantier, A; Becker, PH; Birkhead, TR; Bize, P; Blumstein, DT; Bonenfant, C; Boutin, S; Bushuev, A; Cam, E; Cockburn, A; Côté, SD; Coulson, JC; Daunt, F; Dingemanse, NJ; Doligez, B; Drummond, H; Espie, RH; Festa-Bianchet, M; Frentiu, F; Fitzpatrick, JW; Furness, RW; Garant, D; Gauthier, G; Grant, PR; Griesser, M; Gustafsson, L; Hansson, B; Harris, MP; Jiguet, F; Kjellander, P; Korpimäki, E; Krebs, CJ; Lens, L; Linnell, JD; Low, M; McAdam, A; Margalida, A; Merilä, J; Møller, AP; Nakagawa, S; Nilsson, JÅ; Nisbet, IC; van Noordwijk, AJ; Oro, D; Pärt, T; Pelletier, F; Potti, J; Pujol, B; Réale, D; Rockwell, RF; Ropert-Coudert, Y; Roulin, A; Sedinger, JS; Swenson, JE; Thébaud, C; Visser, ME; Wanless, S; Westneat, DF; Wilson, Alastair J.; Zedrosser, A (Elsevier (Cell Press), 2015-10)
    The recent trend for journals to require open access to primary data included in publications has been embraced by many biologists, but has caused apprehension amongst researchers engaged in long-term ecological and ...
  • Are Inventory Based and Remotely Sensed Above-Ground Biomass Estimates Consistent? 

    Hill, TC; Williams, M; Bloom, AA; Mitchard, ETA; Ryan, CM (Public Library of Science, 2013-09-19)
    Carbon emissions resulting from deforestation and forest degradation are poorly known at local, national and global scales. In part, this lack of knowledge results from uncertain above-ground biomass estimates. It is ...
  • Are the effects of response inhibition on gambling long-lasting? 

    Verbruggen, Frederick; Adams, Rachel; van 't Wout, Felice; Stevens, Tobias; McLaren, Ian P.L.; Chambers, Christopher D. (Public Library of Science, 2013)
    A recent study has shown that short-term training in response inhibition can make people more cautious for up to two hours when making decisions. However, the longevity of such training effects is unclear. In this study ...
  • Are the effects of response inhibition on gambling long-lasting? - dataset 

    Verbruggen, Frederick (University of Exeter, 2013-02-28)
    Behavioural data and R scripts (analyses) for two behavioural experiments. This data is related to the PLoS ONE paper 'Are the Effects of Response Inhibition on Gambling Long-Lasting?'. View the full text by following ...
  • Are there right hemisphere contributions to visually-guided movement? Manipulating left hand reaction time advantages in dextrals 

    Carey, DP; Otto-de Haart, E. Grace; Buckingham, G; Dijkerman, H. Chris; Hargreaves, Eric L.; Goodale, MA (Frontiers Media, 2015-08-28)
    Many studies have argued for distinct but complementary contributions from each hemisphere in the control of movements to visual targets. Investigators have attempted to extend observations from patients with unilateral ...
  • Arguably big biology: Sociology, spatiality and the knockout mouse project 

    Davies, Gail (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013-12)
    Following the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP), a critical challenge has been how to make biological sense of the amassed sequence data and translate this into clinical applications. A range of large biological ...
  • The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire. 

    Freeman, P; Coffee, P; Moll, T; Rees, T; Sammy, N (Human Kinetics, 2014-04)
    To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across ...
  • Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness 

    Davies, Thomas W.; Bennie, Jonathan; Inger, Richard; Gaston, Kevin J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2013)
    Artificial light is globally one of the most widely distributed forms of anthropogenic pollution. However, while both the nature and ecological effects of direct artificial lighting are increasingly well documented, those ...
  • Artistry and analysis: student experiences of UK practice-based doctorates in art and design 

    Allen-Collinson, Jacquelyn (Taylor and Francis: Routledge, 2005-11)
    During the last decade, doctoral education has been the focus of much international academic attention. This period has also witnessed the rapid growth of practice-based research degrees in art and design in the UK. To ...
  • Ascorbate deficiency influences the leaf cell wall glycoproteome in Arabidopsis thaliana 

    Sultana, N; Florance, Hannah; Johns, A; Smirnoff, Nicholas (Wiley, 2014-01-06)
    The cell wall forms the first line of interaction between the plant and the external environment. Based on the observation that ascorbate-deficient vtc mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana have increased cell wall peroxidase ...