Now showing items 65-84 of 2888

  • Alterations in mosquito behaviour by malaria parasites: potential impact on force of infection 

    Cator, LJ; Lynch, PA; Thomas, MB; Read, AF (BioMed Central, 2014-05-01)
    BACKGROUND: A variety of studies have reported that malaria parasites alter the behaviour of mosquitoes. These behavioural alterations likely increase transmission because they reduce the risk of vector death during parasite ...
  • An alternative approach to transfer functions? Testing the performance of a functional trait-based model for testate amoebae 

    van Bellen, S; Mauquoy, D; Payne, RJ; Roland, TP; Hughes, PDM; Daley, TJ; Loader, NJ; Street-Perrotte, FA; Rice, EM; Pancotto, VA (Elsevier, 2016-12-12)
    Transfer functions are now widely available to infer past environmental conditions from biotic assemblages. Existing transfer functions are based on species assemblages but an alternative is to characterize assemblages ...
  • Alternative evolutionary paths to bacterial antibiotic resistance cause distinct collateral effects. 

    Barbosa, C; Trebosc, V; Kemmer, C; Rosenstiel, P; Beardmore, R; Schulenburg, H; Jansen, G (Oxford University Press, 2017-05-23)
    When bacteria evolve resistance against a particular antibiotic, they may simultaneously gain increased sensitivity against a second one. Such collateral sensitivity may be exploited to develop novel, sustainable antibiotic ...
  • An alternative transdiagnostic mechanistic approach to affective disorders illustrated with research from clinical psychology 

    Watkins, E.R (Sage, 2015-04-10)
    Current psychiatric classification adopts a disorder-focused diagnostic approach, as exemplified within ICD-11 and DSM-V. Although this approach has improved reliability of categorisation, its validity and utility has been ...
  • Amazon Basin forest pyrogenic carbon stocks: First estimate of deep storage 

    Koele, N; Bird, M; Haig, J; Marimon-Junior, BH; Marimon, BS; Phillips, OL; de Oliveira, EA; Quesada, CA; Feldpausch, TR (Elsevier, 2017-11-15)
    Amazon Basin forest soils contain considerable soil organic carbon stocks; however, the contribution of soil pyrogenic carbon (PyC) to the total is unknown. PyC is derived from local fires (historical and modern) and ...
  • Amazon forest response to repeated droughts 

    Feldpausch, TR; Phillips, OL; Brienen, RJW; Gloor, E; Lloyd, J; Lopez-Gonzalez, G; Monteagudo-Mendoza, A; Malhi, Y; Alarcón, A; Álvarez Dávila, E; Alvarez-Loayza, P; Andrade, A; Aragao, LEOC; Arroyo, L; Aymard C., GA; Baker, TR; Baraloto, C; Barroso, J; Bonal, D; Castro, W; Chama, V; Chave, J; Domingues, TF; Fauset, S; Groot, N; Honorio C., E; Laurance, S; Laurance, WF; Lewis, SL; Licona, JC; Marimon, BS; Marimon-Junior, BH; Mendoza Bautista, C; Neill, DA; Oliveira, EA; Oliveira dos Santos, C; Pallqui Camacho, NC; Pardo-Molina, G; Prieto, A; Quesada, CA; Ramírez, F; Ramírez-Angulo, H; Réjou-Méchain, M; Rudas, A; Saiz, G; Salomão, RP; Silva-Espejo, JE; Silveira, M; ter Steege, H; Stropp, J; Terborgh, J; Thomas-Caesar, R; van der Heijden, GMF; Vásquez Martinez, R; Vilanova, E; Vos, VA (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2016-07-01)
    The Amazon Basin has experienced more variable climate over the last decade, with a severe and widespread drought in 2005 causing large basin-wide losses of biomass. A drought of similar climatological magnitude occurred ...
  • Amino acids intake and physical fitness among adolescents 

    Gracia Marco, L; Bel-Serrat, S; Cuenca-Garcia, M; Gonzalez-Gross, M; Pedrero-Chamizo, R; Manios, Y; Marcos, A; Molnar, D; Widhalm, K; Polito, A; Vanhelst, J; Hagströmer, M; Sjöström, M; Kafatos, A; de Henauw, S; Gutierrez, A; Castillo, MJ (Springer Verlag, 2017)
    The aim was to investigate whether there was an association between amino acid (AA) intake and physical fitness and if so, to assess whether this association was independent of carbohydrates intake. European adolescents ...
  • Amplification of a cytochrome P450 gene is associated with resistance to neonicotinoid insecticides in the aphid Myzus persicae. 

    Puinean, AM; Foster, SP; Oliphant, L; Denholm, I; Field, LM; Millar, NS; Williamson, MS; Bass, C (Public Library of Science, 2010-06-24)
    The aphid Myzus persicae is a globally significant crop pest that has evolved high levels of resistance to almost all classes of insecticide. To date, the neonicotinoids, an economically important class of insecticides ...
  • Amygdala and dlPFC abnormalities, with aberrant connectivity and habituation in response to emotional stimuli in females with BPD. 

    Dudas, RB; Mole, TB; Morris, LS; Denman, C; Hill, E; Szalma, B; Evans, D; Dunn, B; Fletcher, P; Voon, V (Elsevier, 2016-10-27)
    BACKGROUND: Little is known about the frontolimbic abnormalities thought to underlie borderline personality disorder (BPD). We endeavoured to study regional responses, as well as their connectivity and habituation during ...
  • Analysing animal social network dynamics: the potential of stochastic actor-oriented models 

    Fisher, DN; Ilany, A; Silk, MJ; Tregenza, T (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017-03)
    Animals are embedded in dynamically changing networks of relationships with conspecifics. These dynamic networks are fundamental aspects of their environment, creating selection on behaviours and other traits. However, ...
  • Analysis of climate paths reveals potential limitations on species range shifts 

    Early, Regan; Sax, Dov F. (Wiley, 2011)
    Forecasts of species endangerment under climate change usually ignore the processes by which species ranges shift. By analysing the 'climate paths' that range shifts might follow, and two key range-shift processes--dispersal ...
  • Analysis of known bacterial protein vaccine antigens reveals biased physical properties and amino acid composition 

    Mayers, Carl; Duffield, Melanie; Rowe, Sonya; Miller, Julie; Lingard, Bryan; Hayward, Sarah; Titball, Richard W. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2003)
    Many vaccines have been developed from live attenuated forms of bacterial pathogens or from killed bacterial cells. However, an increased awareness of the potential for transient side-effects following vaccination has ...
  • Analysis of ontogenetic growth trends in two marine Antarctic bivalves Yoldia eightsi and Laternula elliptica: Implications for sclerochronology 

    Román-González, A; Scourse, JD; Butler, PG; Reynolds, DJ; Richardson, CA; Peck, LS; Brey, T; Hall, IR (Elsevier, 2016-05-11)
    There is an increasing use of marine species as palaeoclimate recorders for the marine realm. These archives provide novel baseline records of past oceanographic variability in regions devoid of instrumental observations. ...
  • An Analysis of the Size and Direction of the Association between Mental Toughness and Olympic Distance Personal Best Triathlon Times 

    Jones, MI; Parker, JK (Elsevier, 2017-05-12)
    Athletes, coaches, sport psychology practitioners, and researchers suggest that mental toughness represents an important construct that is associated with athletic performance. Unfortunately, the absence of real-world ...
  • An analysis of waves underlying grid cell firing in the medial enthorinal cortex 

    Wedgwood, KCA; Bonilla-Quintana, M; O'Dea, RD; Coombes, S (BioMed Central / SpringerOpen, 2017-08-25)
    Layer II stellate cells in the medial enthorinal cortex (MEC) express hyperpolarisation-activated cyclic-nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels that allow for rebound spiking via an Ih current in response to hyperpolaris- ing ...
  • Analysis of whole genome sequencing for the Escherichia coli O157:H7 typing phages 

    Cowley, Lauren A.; Beckett, Stephen J.; Chase-Topping, Margo; Perry, Neil; Dallman, Tim J.; Gally, David L.; Jenkins, Claire (BioMed Central, 2015-04-08)
    Background: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli O157 can cause severe bloody diarrhea and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Phage typing of E. coli O157 facilitates public health surveillance and outbreak investigations, ...
  • The ancestral symbiont sensor kinase CSK links photosynthesis with gene expression in chloroplasts. 

    Puthiyaveetil, S; Kavanagh, TA; Cain, P; Sullivan, JA; Newell, CA; Gray, JC; Robinson, C; van der Giezen, M; Rogers, MB; Allen, John F. (2008-07-22)
    We describe a novel, typically prokaryotic, sensor kinase in chloroplasts of green plants. The gene for this chloroplast sensor kinase (CSK) is found in cyanobacteria, prokaryotes from which chloroplasts evolved. The CSK ...
  • Ancient diversification of eukaryotic MCM DNA replication proteins. 

    Aves, Stephen; Richards, Thomas A; Liu, Yuan (BioMed Central, 2009)
    Yeast and animal cells require six mini-chromosome maintenance proteins (Mcm2-7) for pre-replication complex formation, DNA replication initiation and DNA synthesis. These six individual MCM proteins form distinct heterogeneous ...
  • Ancient pre-glacial erosion surfaces preserved beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet 

    Rose, K.C.; Ross, N; Jordan, T.A.; Bingham, R.G.; Corr, H.F.J.; Le Brocq, A.M.; Ferraccioli, F; Rippin, D.M.; Siegert, M.J. (European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications, 2015-02-16)
    present ice-penetrating radar evidence for ancient (pre-glacial) and extensive erosion surfaces preserved beneath the upstream Institute and Möller ice streams, West Antarctica. Radar data reveal a smooth, laterally ...
  • Andean microrefugia: testing the Holocene to predict the Anthropocene 

    Valencia, BG; Matthews-Bird, F; Urrego, DH; Williams, JJ; Gosling, WD; Bush, M (Wiley for New Phytologist Trust, 2016-07-04)
    Summary Microrefugia are important for supporting populations during periods of unfavourable climate change and in facilitating rapid migration as conditions ameliorate. With ongoing anthropogenic climate change, ...