Ks-Band Detection of Thermal Emission and Color Constraints to CoRoT-1b: A Low-Albedo Planet with Inefficient Atmospheric Energy Redistribution and a Temperature Inversion
Rogers, Justin C.
Sing, David K.
IOP Publishing for American Astronomical Society
We report the detection in Ks-band of the secondary eclipse of the hot Jupiter CoRoT-1b from time series photometry with the ARC 3.5 m telescope at Apache Point Observatory. The eclipse shows a depth of 0.336 ± 0.042% and is centered at phase 0.5022+0.0023 −0.0027, consistent with a zero eccentricity orbit (e cos ω = 0.0035+0.0036 −0.0042). We perform the first optical to near-infrared multi-band photometric analysis of an exoplanet’s atmosphere and constrain the reflected and thermal emissions by combining our result with the recent 0.6, 0.71, and 2.09 μm secondary eclipse detections by Snellen et al., Gillon et al., and Alonso et al. Comparing the multi-wavelength detections to stateof- the-art radiative-convective chemical-equilibrium atmosphere models, we find the near-infrared fluxes difficult to reproduce. The closest blackbody-based and physical models provide the following atmosphere parameters: a temperature T = 2460+80 −160 K; a very low Bond albedo AB = 0.000+0.081 −0.000; and an energy redistribution parameter Pn = 0.1, indicating a small but nonzero amount of heat transfer from the day to nightside. The best physical model suggests a thermal inversion layer with an extra optical absorber of opacity κe = 0.05 cm2 g−1, placed near the 0.1 bar atmospheric pressure level. This inversion layer is located 10 times deeper in the atmosphere than the absorbers used in models to fit mid-infrared Spitzer detections of other irradiated hot Jupiters.
Space Telescope Science Institute
NASA - Hubble Fellowship grant (awarded by the STScI)
National Science Foundation
Copyright © 2009 IOP Publishing / American Astronomical Society
Vol. 707 (2), pp. 1707-1716