Copula-based frequency analysis of overflow and flooding in urban drainage systems
Journal of Hydrology
The performance evaluation of urban drainage systems is essentially based on accurate characterisation of rainfall events, where a particular challenge is development of the joint distributions of dependent rainfall variables such as duration and depth. In this study, the copula method is used to separate the dependence structure of rainfall variables from their marginal distributions and the different impacts of dependence structure and marginal distributions on system performance are analysed. Three one-parameter Archimedean copulas, including Clayton, Gumbel, and Frank families, are fitted and compared for different combinations of marginal distributions that cannot be rejected by statistical tests. The fitted copulas are used, through the Monte Carlo simulation method, to generate synthetic rainfall events for system performance analysis in terms of sewer flooding and Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) discharges. The copula method is demonstrated using an urban drainage system in the UK, and the cumulative probability distributions of maximum flood depth at critical nodes and CSO discharge volume are calculated. The results obtained in this study highlight the importance of taking into account the dependence structure of rainfall variables in the context of urban drainage system evaluation and also reveal the different impacts of dependence structure and marginal distributions on the probabilities of sewer flooding and CSO volume. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Hydrology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Hydrology (2014), DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.12.006
Vol. 510, pp. 49 - 58