Submaximal exercise pulmonary gas exchange in left heart disease patients with different forms of pulmonary hypertension.
Journal of Cardiac Failure
© 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Reason for embargo
BACKGROUND: We determined whether pulmonary gas exchange indices during submaximal exercise are different in heart-failure (HF) patients with combined post- and pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PPC-PH) vs. HF patients with isolated post-capillary PH (IPC-PH) or no-PH. METHODS & RESULTS: Pulmonary hemodynamics and pulmonary gas exchange were assessed during rest and submaximal exercise in 39 HF patients undergoing right-heart catheterization. Post-hemodynamic evaluation, patients were classified as having no-PH (n=11), IPC-PH (n=12) or PPC-PH (n=16). At an equivalent oxygen consumption, end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2) and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) were greater in no-PH and IPC-PH vs. PPC-PH patients (36.1±3.2 vs. 31.7±4.5 vs. 26.2±4.7 mmHg and 97±2 vs. 96 ±3 vs. 91±1%, respectively). Conversely, dead-space ventilation (VD/VT) and the ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (V̇E/V̇CO2 ratio) were lower in no-PH and IPC-PH vs. PPC-PH patients (0.37±0.05 vs. 0.38±0.04 vs. 0.47±0.03 and 38±5 vs. 42±8 vs. 51±8, respectively). The exercise-induced change in VD/VT, V̇E/V̇CO2 ratio and PETCO2 correlated significantly with the change in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, diastolic pressure difference and transpulmonary pressure gradient in PPC-PH patients only. CONCLUSION: Noninvasive pulmonary gas exchange indices during submaximal exercise are different in HF patients with combined post-and pre-capillary PH compared to patients with isolated post-capillary PH or no-PH.
American Heart Association
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Available online 14 April 2015