Rumination decreases parental problem-solving effectiveness in dysphoric postnatal mothers
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Author version made available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
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Background Postnatal depression is associated with poorer parenting quality, but there are few studies examining maternal-specific cognitive processes that may impact on parenting quality. In this study, we examined the impact of rumination on parental problem-solving effectiveness in dysphoric and non-dysphoric postnatal mothers. Methods Fifty-nine mothers with a infant aged 12 months and under, 20 of whom had a Beck Depression Score II (BDI-II) score ≥ 14, and 39 who scored less than 14 on the BDI-II were randomly assigned to either a rumination or distraction condition. Problem-solving effectiveness was assessed post-induction with the “Postnatal Parental Problem-Solving Task” (PPST), which was adapted from the Means Ends Problem-solving task. Parental problem-solving confidence was also assessed. Results Dysphoric ruminating mothers exhibited poorer problem-solving effectiveness and poorer confidence regarding their problem-solving compared to dysphoric distracting, non-dysphoric distracting, and non-dysphoric ruminating mothers. Limitations A self-report measure of depressed mood was used. Conclusions Rumination may be a key mechanism associated with both depressive mood and maternal parenting quality during the postnatal period.
Author version of paper published by Elsevier in Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. The definitive published version is available via the record DOI, published June 2015
Vol. 47, pp. 18 - 24