Interaction between Walking Humans and Structures in Vertical Direction: A Literature Review
Shock and Vibration
Realistic simulation of the dynamic effects of walking pedestrians on structures is still a considerable challenge. This is mainly due to the inter- and intra-subject variability of humans and their bodies and difficult-to-predict loading scenarios, including multipedestrian walking traffic and unknown human-structure interaction (HSI) mechanisms. Over the past three decades, several attempts have been made to simulate walking HSI in the lateral direction. However, research into the mechanisms of this interaction in the vertical direction, despite its higher likelihood and critical importance, is fragmented and incoherent. It is, therefore, difficult to apply and codify. This paper critically reviews the efforts to date to simulate walking HSI in the vertical direction, and highlights the key areas that need further investigation.
The authors acknowledge the financial support, which came from the University of Sheffield doctoral scholarship for Dr Shahabpoor and the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for the following research grants: • Platform Grant EP/G061130/2 (Dynamic performance of large civil engineering structures: an integrated approach to management, design and assessment), • Standard Grant EP/I029567/1 (Synchronisation in dynamic loading due to multiple pedestrians and occupants of vibration-sensitive structures). And • Frontier Engineering Grant EP/K03877X/1 (Modelling complex and partially identified engineering problems: Application to the individualised multiscale simulation of the musculoskeletal system).
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