Evaluation of Mass-Spring-Damper Models for Dynamic Interaction Between Walking Humans and Civil Structures
Springer / Society for Experimental Mechanics
© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2017
Reason for embargo
Under indefinite embargo due to publisher policy.
Dynamic interaction between walking humans and vibrating flexible structures is one of the main challenges when simulating human-induced vibrations. To account for this interaction, several mass-spring-damper (MSD) models featuring different parameters have recently been proposed. This paper compares the performance of six experimentally-based MSD models of walking humans available in the literature. The simulated vibration responses of these models were compared with experimental measurements of four human test subjects walking on a full-scale flexible footbridge. Numerical simulations were carried out for two cases: non-interactive and interactive models using the above mentioned MSD models. Moreover, for each case two models of walking forces were used: previously measured continuous walking forces (from a treadmill test) for the corresponding test subjects and a deterministic walking force function from design guidelines. It is demonstrated that neglecting human-structure interaction in the simulations can result in a significant overestimation of the vibration responses. By utilising any of the interactive models of walking people, the accuracy of the vibration response predictions can be improved. The best performance was obtained when both the measured walking forces and the interactive model were used.
The authors are grateful for the College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences in the University of Exeter for the financial support they provided for the first author and his PhD programme. The authors would also like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for grant reference EP/E018734/1
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Springer via the DOI in this record
Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)
Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 2: Proceedings of IMAC-XXXV,: 35th International Modal Analysis Conference, 30 January - 2 February 2017, Garden Grove, California, USA, pp. 169-177