SeDAR - Semantic Detection and Ranging: Humans can localise without LiDAR, can robots?
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Reason for embargo
Currently under an indefinite embargo pending publication by IEEE. No embargo required on publication.
How does a person work out their location using a floorplan? It is probably safe to say that we do not explicitly measure depths to every visible surface and try to match them against different pose estimates in the floorplan. And yet, this is exactly how most robotic scan-matching algorithms operate. Similarly, we do not extrude the 2D geometry present in the floorplan into 3D and try to align it to the real-world. And yet, this is how most vision-based approaches localise. Humans do the exact opposite. Instead of depth, we use high level semantic cues. Instead of extruding the floorplan up into the third dimension, we collapse the 3D world into a 2D representation. Evidence of this is that many of the floorplans we use in everyday life are not accurate, opting instead for high levels of discriminative landmarks. In this work, we use this insight to present a global localisation approach that relies solely on the semantic labels present in the floorplan and extracted from RGB images. While our approach is able to use range measurements if available, we demonstrate that they are unnecessary as we can achieve results comparable to state-of-the-art without them.
This is the author accepted manuscript.
2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 21 - 25 May 2018, Brisbane, Australia