Numerical wave propagation on the hexagonal C-grid
Journal of Computational Physics
Inertio-gravity mode and Rossby mode dispersion properties are examined for discretizations of the linearized rotating shallow water equations on a regular hexagonal C-grid in planar geometry. It is shown that spurious non-zero Rossby mode frequencies found by previous authors in the f-plane case can be avoided by an appropriate discretization of the Coriolis terms. Three generalizations of this discretization that conserve energy even for non-constant Coriolis parameter are presented. A quasigeostrophic ββ-plane analysis is carried out to investigate the Rossby mode dispersion properties of these three schemes. The Rossby mode dispersion relation is found to have two branches. The primary branch modes are good approximations, in terms of both structure and frequency, to corresponding modes of the continuous governing equations, and offer some improvements over a quadrilateral C-grid scheme. The secondary branch modes have vorticity structures approximating those of small-scale modes of the continuous governing equations, suggesting that the hexagonal C-grid might have an advantage in terms of resolving extra Rossby modes; however, the frequencies of the secondary branch Rossby modes are much smaller than those of the corresponding continuous modes, so this potential advantage is not fully realized.
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Computational Physics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 227, Issue 11 (2008), DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2008.02.010
Vol. 227 (11), pp. 5836 - 5858