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Welcome to the research outputs of the University of Exeter Department of Geography, part of the College of Life and Environmental Sciences

Recent Submissions

  • Social fit of coral reef governance varies among individuals 

    Turner, RA; Forster, J; Fitzsimmons, C; Gill, D; Mahon, R; Peterson, A; Stead, S (Wiley, 2017)
    Improved natural resource governance is critical for the effective conservation of ecosystems, and the well-being of societies that depend on them. Understanding the social fit of institutional arrangements in different ...
  • Diverse landscapes beneath Pine Island Glacier influence ice flow 

    Bingham, RG; Vaughan, DG; King, EC; Davies, D; Cornford, SL; Smith, AM; Arthern, RJ; Brisbourne, AM; De Rydt, J; Graham, AGC; Spagnolo, M; Marsh, OJ; Shean, DE (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-11-20)
    The retreating Pine Island Glacier (PIG), West Antarctica, presently contributes ~5–10% of global sea-level rise. PIG’s retreat rate has increased in recent decades with associated thinning migrating upstream into tributaries ...
  • Elevated CO2 degassing rates prevented the return of Snowball Earth during the Phanerozoic 

    Mills, BJW; Scotese, CR; Walding, NG; Shields, GA; Lenton, TM (Springer Nature, 2017-10-24)
    The Cryogenian period (~720-635 Ma) is marked by extensive Snowball Earth glaciations. These have previously been linked to CO2 draw-down, but the severe cold climates of the Cryogenian have never been replicated during ...
  • Correction of Sensor Saturation Effects in MODIS Oceanic Particulate Inorganic Carbon 

    Land, PE; Shutler, JD; Smyth, TJ (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017)
    The highly reflective nature of high particulate inorganic carbon (PIC) from calcifying plankton, such as surface blooms of Emiliana-huxleyi in the latter stages of their life cycle, can cause the saturation of the MODerate ...
  • Spatial assessment of intertidal seagrass meadows using optical imaging systems and a lightweight drone 

    Duffy, JP; Pratt, L; Anderson, K; Land, PE; Shutler, JD (Elsevier, 2017-11-05)
    Seagrass ecosystems are highly sensitive to environmental change. They are also in global decline and under threat from a variety of anthropogenic factors. There is now an urgency to establish robust monitoring methodologies ...
  • Vanishing Points: an essay on landscape, memory and belonging 

    Wylie, JW (Geographical Society of Ireland / Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2017-05)
    This is a paper about the ambivalent relationships we can have with the landscapes we grew up in, with senses of belonging and nationality, and with memory itself. To approach and specify these themes, the paper aims to ...
  • The effect of drought on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release from peatland soil and vegetation sources 

    Ritson, JP; Brazier, RE; Graham, NJD; Freeman, C; Templeton, MR; Clark, JM (European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications, 2017-06-16)
    Drought conditions are expected to increase in frequency and severity as the climate changes, representing a threat to carbon sequestered in peat soils. Downstream water treatment works are also at risk of regulatory ...
  • Salt-marsh testate amoebae as precise and widespread indicators of sea-level change 

    Barnett, RL; Newton, TL; Charman, DJ; Roland Gehrels, W (Elsevier, 2016-11-24)
    Salt-marsh sediments are routinely used to reconstruct sea-level changes over past millennia. These reconstructions bridge an important gap between geological and instrumental sea-level records, and provide insights into ...
  • On the recent elevation changes at the Flade Isblink Ice Cap, northern Greenland 

    Rinne, EJ; Shepherd, A; Palmer, S; Van Den Broeke, MR; Muir, A; Ettema, J; Wingham, D (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2011-09-21)
    We have used Radar Altimeter 2 (RA-2) onboard ESA's EnviSAT and Geosciences Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) onboard NASA's ICESat to map the elevation change of the Flade Isblink Ice Cap (FIIC) in northern Greenland. Based ...
  • Basal topographic controls on rapid retreat of Humboldt Glacier, northern Greenland 

    Carr, JR; Vieli, A; Stokes, CR; Jamieson, SSR; Palmer, SJ; Christoffersen, P; Dowdeswell, JA; Nick, FM; Blankenship, DD; Young, DA (Cambridge University Press (CUP) / International Glaciological Society, 2015-01-01)
    Discharge from marine-terminating outlet glaciers accounts for up to half the recent mass loss from the Greenland ice sheet, yet the causal factors are not fully understood. Here we assess the factors controlling the ...
  • Modelling the transfer of supraglacial meltwater to the bed of Leverett Glacier, Southwest Greenland 

    Clason, CC; Mair, DWF; Nienow, PW; Bartholomew, ID; Sole, A; Palmer, S; Schwanghart, W (European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications, 2015-01-22)
    Meltwater delivered to the bed of the Greenland Ice Sheet is a driver of variable ice-motion through changes in effective pressure and enhanced basal lubrication. Ice surface velocities have been shown to respond rapidly ...
  • BedMachine v3: Complete Bed Topography and Ocean Bathymetry Mapping of Greenland From Multibeam Echo Sounding Combined With Mass Conservation 

    Morlighem, M; Williams, CN; Rignot, E; An, L; Arndt, JE; Bamber, JL; Catania, G; Chauché, N; Dowdeswell, JA; Dorschel, B; Fenty, I; Hogan, K; Howat, I; Hubbard, A; Jakobsson, M; Jordan, TM; Kjeldsen, KK; Millan, R; Mayer, L; Mouginot, J; Noël, BPY; O'Cofaigh, C; Palmer, S; Rysgaard, S; Seroussi, H; Siegert, MJ; Slabon, P; Straneo, F; van den Broeke, MR; Weinrebe, W; Wood, M; Zinglersen, KB (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2017-09-18)
    Greenland's bed topography is a primary control on ice flow, grounding line migration, calving dynamics, and subglacial drainage. Moreover, fjord bathymetry regulates the penetration of warm Atlantic water (AW) that rapidly ...
  • Greenland subglacial lakes detected by radar 

    Palmer, SJ; Dowdeswell, JA; Christoffersen, P; Young, DA; Blankenship, DD; Greenbaum, JS; Benham, T; Bamber, J; Siegert, MJ (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2013-12-09)
    Subglacial lakes are an established and important component of the basal hydrological system of the Antarctic ice sheets, but none have been reported from Greenland. Here we present airborne radio echo sounder (RES) ...
  • Extensive winter subglacial water storage beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet 

    Chu, W; Schroeder, DM; Seroussi, H; Creyts, TT; Palmer, SJ; Bell, RE (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2016-12-28)
    Surface meltwater that reaches the base of the Greenland Ice Sheet exerts a fundamental impact on ice flow, but observations of catchment-wide movement and distribution of subglacial water remain limited. Using radar-sounding ...
  • Stand dynamics modulate water cycling and mortality risk in droughted tropical forest 

    da Costa, ACL; Rowland, L; Oliveira, RS; Oliveira, AAR; Binks, OJ; Salmon, Y; Vasconcelos, SS; Junior, JAS; Ferreira, LV; Poyatos, R; Mencuccini, M; Meir, P (Wiley, 2017-07-28)
    Transpiration from the Amazon rainforest generates an essential water source at a global and local scale. However, changes in rainforest function with climate change can disrupt this process, causing significant reductions ...
  • The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions 

    Rabin, SS; Melton, JR; Lasslop, G; Bachelet, D; Forrest, M; Hantson, S; Kaplan, JO; Li, F; Mangeon, S; Ward, DS; Yue, C; Arora, VK; Hickler, T; Kloster, S; Knorr, W; Nieradzik, L; Spessa, A; Folberth, GA; Sheehan, T; Voulgarakis, A; Kelley, DI; Colin Prentice, I; Sitch, S; Harrison, S; Arneth, A (European Geosciences Union (EGU) / Copernicus Publications, 2017-03-17)
    The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system ...
  • Present-day and future contribution of climate and fires to vegetation composition in the boreal forest of China 

    Wu, C; Venevsky, S; Sitch, S; Yang, Y; Wang, M; Wang, L; Gao, Y (Ecological Society of America:, 2017-08-03)
    Climate is well known as an important determinant of biogeography. Although climate is directly important for vegetation composition in the boreal forests, these ecosystems are strongly sensitive to an indirect effect of ...
  • Corrigendum: Solar cycles or random processes? Evaluating solar variability in Holocene climate records 

    Turner, TE; Swindles, GT; Charman, DJ; Langdon, PG; Morris, PJ; Booth, RK; Parry, LE; Nichols, JE (Springer Nature, 2016-06-27)
    A coding error in the Monte Carlo procedure for the determination of critical values in running correlation analysis (presented in Supplementary Data S8) has been brought to the attention of the authors.[...]
  • Reconstructing past seasonal to multi-centennial scale variability in the NE Atlantic Ocean using the long-lived marine bivalve mollusc Glycymeris glycymeris 

    Reynolds, DJ; Hall, IR; Slater, S; Scourse, JD; Halloran, PR; Sayer, MDJ (American Geophysical Union (AGU) / Wiley, 2017-10-05)
    The lack of long-term, highly resolved (annual to sub-annual) and absolutely dated baseline records of marine variability extending beyond the instrumental period (last ~50-100 years) hinders our ability to develop a ...
  • Biotic and human vulnerability to projected changes in ocean biogeochemistry over the 21st century 

    Mora, C; Wei, C-L; Rollo, A; Amaro, T; Baco, AR; Billett, D; Bopp, L; Chen, Q; Collier, M; Danovaro, R; Gooday, AJ; Grupe, BM; Halloran, PR; Ingels, J; Jones, DOB; Levin, LA; Nakano, H; Norling, K; Ramirez-Llodra, E; Rex, M; Ruhl, HA; Smith, CR; Sweetman, AK; Thurber, AR; Tjiputra, JF; Usseglio, P; Watling, L; Wu, T; Yasuhara, M (Public Library of Science, 2013-10-15)
    Ongoing greenhouse gas emissions can modify climate processes and induce shifts in ocean temperature, pH, oxygen concentration, and productivity, which in turn could alter biological and social systems. Here, we provide a ...

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