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Welcome to the research outputs of the University of Exeter School of Biosciences, part of the College of Life and Environmental Sciences

Recent Submissions

  • The evolution of transmission mode 

    Antonovics, J; Wilson, AJ; Forbes, MR; Hauffe, HC; Kallio, ER; Leggett, HC; Longdon, B; Okamura, B; Sait, SM; Webster, JP (Royal Society, 2017-05-05)
    This article reviews research on the evolutionary mechanisms leading to different transmission modes. Such modes are often under genetic control of the host or the pathogen, and often in conflict with each other via ...
  • Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) as a resource for farmland insect pollinators: quantifying floral traits in conventional varieties and breeding systems 

    Carruthers, JM; Cook, SM; Wright, GA; Osborne, JL; Clark, SJ; Swain, JL; Haughton, AJ (Wiley, 2017)
    Oilseed rape (OSR; Brassica napus L.) is a major crop in temperate regions and provides an important source ofnutrition to many of the yield-enhancing insect flower visitors that consume floral nectar. The manipulation ...
  • Explaining negative kin discrimination in a cooperative mammal society 

    Thompson, FJ; Cant, MA; Marshall, HH; Vitikainen, E; Sanderson, JL; Nichols, HJ; Gilchrist, JS; Bell, MBV; Young, AJ; Hodge, SJ; Johnstone, RA (National Academy of Sciences, 2017)
    Kin selection theory predicts that, where kin discrimination is possible, animals should typically act more favourably towards closer genetic relatives, and direct aggression towards less closely related individuals. ...
  • Standing and travelling waves in a spherical brain model: The Nunez model revisited 

    Visser, S; Nicks, R; Faugeras, O; Coombes, S (Elsevier for North-Holland, 2017-03)
    The Nunez model for the generation of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is naturally described as a neural field model on a sphere with space-dependent delays. For simplicity, dynamical realisations of this model either ...
  • Sampling, isolating and identifying microplastics ingested by fish and invertebrates 

    Lusher, AL; Welden, NA; Sobral, P; Cole, M (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-10-24)
    Microplastic debris (<5 mm) is a prolific environmental pollutant, found worldwide in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. Interactions between biota and microplastics are prevalent, and there is growing evidence ...
  • A novel method for preparing microplastic fibers 

    Cole, M (Springer Nature, 2016-10-03)
    Microscopic plastic (microplastic, 0.1 µm-5 mm) is a widespread pollutant impacting upon aquatic ecosystems across the globe. Environmental sampling has revealed synthetic fibers are prevalent in seawater, sediments and ...
  • Ecological role of vertebrate scavengers in urban ecosystems in the UK 

    Inger, R; Cox, DTC; Per, E; Norton, BA; Gaston, KJ (Wiley Open Access, 2016-09-09)
    Recent research has demonstrated how scavenging, the act of consuming dead animals, plays a key role in ecosystem structure, functioning, and stability. A growing number of studies suggest that vertebrate scavengers also ...
  • Key role in ecosystem functioning of scavengers reliant on a single common species. 

    Inger, R; Per, E; Cox, DTC; Gaston, KJ (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-07-12)
    The importance of species richness in maintaining ecosystem function in the field remains unclear. Recent studies however have suggested that in some systems functionality is maintained by a few abundant species. Here we ...
  • Artificial night-time light alters trophic interactions of intertidal invertebrates 

    Underwood, CN; Davies, TW; Queirós, AM (Wiley for British Ecological Society, 2017)
    Summary 1. Despite being globally widespread in coastal regions, the impacts of light pollution on intertidal ecosystems has received little attention. Intertidal species exhibit many night-time dependent ecological ...
  • Diversity in warning coloration is easily recognised by avian predators 

    Arenas, LM; Stevens, M (Wiley / European Society for Evolutionary Biology (ESEB), 2017)
    Warning coloration is a widespread strategy to alert predators about prey unprofitability. The success of this strategy partly depends on predators being able to learn and recognise certain signals as indicators of toxicity, ...
  • A Noise Trimming and Positional Significance of Transposon Insertion System to Identify Essential Genes in Yersinia pestis 

    Yang, ZR; Bullifent, HL; Moore, K; Paszkiewicz, K; Saint, RJ; Southern, SJ; Champion, OL; Senior, NJ; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Oyston, PCF; Atkins, TP; Titball, RW (Springer Nature, 2017-02-06)
    Massively parallel sequencing technology coupled with saturation mutagenesis has provided new and global insights into gene functions and roles. At a simplistic level, the frequency of mutations within genes can indicate ...
  • Trehalase plays a role in macrophage colonization and virulence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in insect and mammalian hosts 

    Vanaporn, M; Sarkar-Tyson, M; Kovacs-Simon, A; Ireland, PM; Pumirat, P; Korbsrisate, S; Titball, RW; Butt, A (Taylor & Francis, 2016-07-01)
    Trehalose is a disaccharide formed from two glucose molecules. This sugar molecule can be isolated from a range of organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants and invertebrates. Trehalose has a variety of functions including ...
  • Does sex really matter? Explaining intraspecies variation in ocean acidification responses 

    Ellis, RP; Davison, W; Queirós, AM; Kroeker, KJ; Calosi, P; Dupont, S; Spicer, JI; Wilson, RW; Widdicombe, S; Urbina, MA (Royal Society, 2017-02-01)
    Ocean acidification (OA) poses a major threat to marine ecosystems globally, having significant ecological and economic importance. The number and complexity of experiments examining the effects of OA has substantially ...
  • A new analysis of hypoxia tolerance in fishes using a database of critical oxygen level (P crit) 

    Rogers, NJ; Urbina, MA; Reardon, EE; McKenzie, DJ; Wilson, RW (Oxford University Press (OUP) for Society for Experimental Biology (SEB), 2016)
    Hypoxia is a common occurrence in aquatic habitats, and it is becoming an increasingly frequent and widespread environmental perturbation, primarily as the result of anthropogenic nutrient enrichment and climate change. ...
  • siRNA-mediated Silencing of Peroxisomal Genes in Mammalian Cells 

    Schrader, TA; Schrader, M (Humana Press (Springer Imprint), 2017)
    RNAi technologies are a valuable tool in the identification and investigation of proteins which are involved in peroxisome biogenesis and function. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has developed into the most commonly used ...
  • Determination of Peroxisomal pH in Living Mammalian Cells Using pHRed 

    Godinho, L; Schrader, M (Humana Press (Springer Imprint), 2017)
    Organelle pH homeostasis is crucial for maintaining proper cellular function. The nature of the peroxisomal pH remains somewhat controversial, with several studies reporting conflicting results. Here, we describe in detail ...
  • Predicting the targeting of tail-anchored proteins to subcellular compartments in mammalian cells 

    Costello, J; Castro, I; Camoes, F; Schrader, TA; McNeall, D; Yang, J; Giannopoulou, EA; Gomes, S; Pogenberg, V; Bonekamp, N; Ribeiro, D; Wilmanns, M; Jedd, G; Islinger, M; Schrader, M (Company of Biologists, 2017)
    Tail-anchored (TA) proteins contain a single transmembrane domain (TMD) at the Cterminus, anchoring them to organelle membranes where they mediate a variety of critical cellular processes. Mutations in individual TA proteins ...
  • Detection and immunolabelling of peroxisomal proteins 

    Schrader, TA; Islinger, M; Schrader, M (Humana Press (Springer Imprint), 2017)
    Peroxisomes are essential organelles in mammals which contribute to cellular lipid metabolism and redox homeostasis. The spectrum of their functions in human health and disease is far from being complete, and unexpected ...
  • The making of a mammalian peroxisome, version 2.0: mitochondria get into the mix 

    Schrader, M; Pellegrini, L (Nature Publishing Group for Congregazione dei Figli dell'Immacolata Concezione (CFIC), Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Istituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata (IDI-IRCCS), 2017)
    A recent report from the laboratory of Heidi McBride (McGill University) presents a role for mitochondria in the de novo biogenesis of peroxisomes in mammalian cells (1). Peroxisomes are essential organelles responsible ...

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