Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: Evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking

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Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: Evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking

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dc.contributor.author Wills, A. J. en_GB
dc.contributor.author Lavric, Aureliu en_GB
dc.contributor.author Croft, G. S. en_GB
dc.contributor.author Hodgson, T. L. en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2007-09-25T09:25:14Z en_GB
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-25T12:00:45Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T14:54:45Z
dc.date.issued 2007 en_GB
dc.description.abstract Prediction error ("surprise") affects the rate of learning: We learn more rapidly about cues for which we initially make incorrect predictions than Cues for Which our initial predictions are correct. The current studies employ electrophysiological measures to reveal early attentional differentiation of events that differ in their previous involvement in errors of predictive judgment. Error-related events attract more attention, as evidenced by features of event-related scalp potentials previously implicated in selective visual attention (selection negativity, augmented anterior N1). The earliest differences detected occurred around [20 msec after stimulus onset, and distributed source localization (LORETA) indicated that the interior temporal regions were one source of the earliest differences. In addition, stimuli associated with the production of prediction errors show higher dwell times in an eye-tracking procedure. Our data support the view that early attentional processes play a role in human associative learning. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by a BBSRC grant 9/S17109, and EC Framework 6 project grant 516542 (NEST) to the first author. en_GB
dc.format.extent 1385632 bytes en_GB
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_GB
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2007, 843-854 en_GB
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10036/13784 en_GB
dc.language.iso en_US en_GB
dc.publisher MIT Press en_GB
dc.relation.url http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1162/jocn.2007.19.5.843 en_GB
dc.subject Selective attention en_GB
dc.subject Neural substrate en_GB
dc.subject frontal cortex en_GB
dc.subject human brain en_GB
dc.subject reward en_GB
dc.subject blocking en_GB
dc.subject model en_GB
dc.subject localization en_GB
dc.subject components en_GB
dc.subject stimuli en_GB
dc.title Predictive learning, prediction errors, and attention: Evidence from event-related potentials and eye tracking en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB
dc.date.available 2007-09-25T09:25:14Z en_GB
dc.date.available 2011-01-25T12:00:45Z en_US
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T14:54:45Z
dc.identifier.issn 0898-929X en_GB
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience en_GB


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