Social identity and the attitude–behaviour relationship: effects of anonymity and accountability

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Social identity and the attitude–behaviour relationship: effects of anonymity and accountability

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Title: Social identity and the attitude–behaviour relationship: effects of anonymity and accountability
Author: Smith, Joanne, R.
Terry, Deborah, J.
Hogg, Michael, A.
Citation: European Journal of Social Psychology, 37 (2), March 2007: pp. 239-257
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Journal: European Journal of Social Psychology
Date Issued: 2007-03
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10036/49434
DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.356
Links: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1823/home
Abstract: Two experiments examined the impact of anonymity and accountability on the expression of group-mediated attitude-behaviour consistency. In Study 1, low and high identifiers (N?=?106) were exposed to an attitude-congruent norm and provided information about their intentions under anonymous and in-group accountable conditions. In Study 2, salience of identity was manipulated, and participants (N?=?185) were exposed to either an attitude-congruent or an attitude-incongruent norm, and provided information on their intentions and behaviour under anonymous and in-group accountable conditions. In both studies, accountability elicited group-normative attitudes and behaviour among individuals for whom the group was not a salient basis for self-definition. When the group was a salient basis for self-definition, the expression of attitude-consistent intentions and behaviour was greater in anonymous conditions. It is suggested that strategic effects, such as those that occur in the presence of an in-group audience, influence displays of group-normative attitude–behaviour consistency.
Type: Article
Description: This is the author's post-print version of an article published in the European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol 37, No 2: pp.239-257. The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Keywords: social identityattitude-behaviour relationsaccountabilityanonymitygroup dynamicsattitude behaviour relationship
ISSN: 0046-2772


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