The effects of perceived and received support on self-confidence.
Journal of Sports Sciences
Taylor & Francis
A sample of 222 university athletes (mean age 19.8 years, s = 2.0), ranging in standard from university second team to international competitor, completed a measure of perceived support 2 weeks before an important competition or match. On the day before the competition or match, the athletes completed measures of stressors, stress, received support, and self-confidence. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses revealed the following key findings: (i) main effects for both perceived (DeltaR2 = 0.11) and received support (DeltaR2 = 0.14) upon self-confidence; (ii) stress-buffering effects for both perceived (DeltaR2 = 0.02) and received (DeltaR2 = 0.07) support upon self-confidence; (iii) when both aspects of support were considered simultaneously, stress-buffering effects were primarily attributable to the influence of received support. These results demonstrate the beneficial impact of social support on self-confidence, both directly and by reducing the negative effect of stress on self-confidence. Our findings emphasize the need to recognize the distinction between perceived and received support, both in terms of theory and the design of social support interventions with athletes.
types: Journal Article
Copyright © 2007 Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410600982279
Vol. 25, Issue 9, pp. 1057 - 1065
Place of publication