Modern discrimination: How perpetrators and targets interactively perpetuate social disadvantage
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published online in Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 2015, Vol. 3, pp. 142–146, DOI: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.04.001
Reason for embargo
Stereotypes and discriminatory behavior do not necessarily imply that people are explicitly devalued or actively excluded from attractive positions in society. Instead, these often implicitly communicate that any social disadvantages are due to individual shortcomings. Recent research has uncovered a number of mechanisms that explain how individuals may come to enact stereotypical expectations of others. Modern expressions of stereotypes are not easily recognized or perceived as discriminatory. Attempts to distance the self from the disadvantaged group to avoid discrimination are likely to backfire in different ways. Countering common beliefs, people are quite reluctant to confront discrimination or to claim unequal treatment. For all these reasons, modern discrimination tends to induce a cycle of self-fulfilling mechanisms that perpetuate group-based social disadvantage.
KNAW/SNS-REAAL Merian Award
NWO Vernieuwingsimpuls grant
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Vol. 3, pp. 142–146