Aerobic function and muscle deoxygenation dynamics during ramp exercise in children
Breese, Brynmor C.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
Reason for embargo
Publisher embargo 12 months
PURPOSE: To characterise changes in deoxyhemoglobin ([HHb]) response dynamics in boys and girls during ramp incremental exercise to investigate whether the reduced peak oxygen uptake (peakV˙O2) in girls is associated with a poorer matching of muscle O2 delivery to muscle O2 utilisation, as evidenced by a more rapid increase in [HHb]. METHODS: 52 children (31 boys, 9.9 ± 0.6 years, 1.38 ± 0.07 m, 31.70 ± 5.78 kg) completed ramp incremental exercise on a cycle ergometer during which pulmonary gas exchange and muscle oxygenation parameters were measured. RESULTS: When muscle [HHb] was expressed against absolute work rate and V˙O2, girls had an earlier change in [HHb] as evidenced by the lower c/d parameter (Girls: 54 ± 20 W vs Boys: 67 ± 19 W, P=0.023; Girls: 0.82 ± 0.28 L·min vs. Boys: 0.95 ± 0.19 L·min, P=0.055) and plateau (Girls: 85 ± 12 W vs. Boys: 99 ± 18 W, P=0.031; Girls: 1.02 ± 0.25 L·min vs. Boys: 1.22 ± 0.28 L·min, P=0.014). However, when expressed against relative work-rate or V˙O2, there were no sex differences in [HHb] response dynamics (all P>0.20). Significant correlations were observed between absolute and fat-free mass normalised peak V˙O2 and the HHb c/d and plateau parameters when expressed against absolute work-rate or V˙O2. Furthermore, when entered into a multiple regression model, the [HHb] plateau against absolute V˙O2 contributed 12% of the variance in peak V˙O2 after adjusting for fat-free mass, gas exchange threshold, and body fatness (model R =0.81, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The sex-difference in peak V˙O2 in 9-10 year old children is, in part, related to sex-specific changes in muscle O2 extraction dynamics during incremental exercise.
This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Vol. 47 (9), pp. 1877-1884