Working Memory Capacity and Generalization in Predictive Learning.
McLaren, Ian P.L.
Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Cognitive Science Society
The relationship between working memory and deliberative processing was examined in a human contingency learning experiment that employed the combined positive and negative patterning procedure of Shanks and Darby (1998). Participants with a large working memory capacity showed generalization consistent with the application of an opposites rule (i.e., a compound and its elements signal opposite outcomes), whilst individuals with a small working memory capacity showed generalization consistent with surface similarity. Working memory capacity was assessed via the Operation Span task (Turner & Engle, 1989). Implications for associative, inferential, and dual-process accounts of human learning are discussed.
British Council grant
Expanding the Space of Cognitive Science, Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston, Massachusetts, July 20-23, 2011
© 2011 Cognitive Science Society.
Wills, AJ, Barrasin, TJ & McLaren, IPL . (2011). Working Memory Capacity and Generalization in Predictive Learning. In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, & T.F. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the