A protocol to determine valid V˙O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients.
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
© 2013. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
OBJECTIVES: Measuring aerobic fitness (V˙O2max) via a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test is an important clinical tool in cystic fibrosis. This study sought to establish: (1) the validity of traditional criteria to verify maximal efforts during a ramp cardiopulmonary exercise test; and (2) whether V˙O2 measured during an exhaustive cardiopulmonary exercise test represents a valid V˙O2max in paediatric patients, using a subsequent exhaustive supramaximal (Smax) exercise test. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Fourteen patients (7-18 years; 10 males) completed an exhaustive ramp test to determine V˙O2max. Following 15-min recovery, Smax (110% ramp peak power output) was performed. RESULTS: Ramp test V˙O2peak was significantly higher than V˙O2 documented at traditional endpoint criteria, including a RER of 1.00 (0.99±0.47 L min(-1) vs. 1.83±0.78 L min(-1), p<0.001) and 1.10 (1.36±0.59 L min(-1) vs. 1.83±0.78 L min(-1), p<0.001), despite 100% of patients satisfying these two criteria. Only 23% and 75% of patients satisfied the 95% age-predicted heart rate (HR) maximum and 180 b min(-1) criteria. Whilst mean ramp and Smax V˙O2peak were not significantly different (1.83±0.78 L min(-1) vs. 1.82±0.67 L min(-1); p=0.88), at the individual level Smax elicited a 'meaningful' (>9%) increase in V˙O2peak (range 9.9-38.3%) compared with V˙O2peak from the ramp test in 3 of 14 cases (21.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Traditional criteria significantly underestimate V˙O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients. Conversely, Smax can confirm when 'true' V˙O2max is achieved. The use of Smax following cardiopulmonary exercise test represents an appropriate method to measure V˙O2max in young cystic fibrosis patients.
NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility
Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust Hospital
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2013, Vol. 16, pp. 539 - 544
Place of publication