Marines, medics, and machismo: Lack of fit with masculine occupational stereotypes discourages men's participation
Ryan, Michelle K.
Haslam, S. Alexander
British Journal of Psychology
© 2014 The British Psychological Society. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Women have made substantial inroads into some traditionally masculine occupations (e.g., accounting, journalism) but not into others (e.g., military, surgery). Evidence suggests the latter group of occupations is characterized by hyper-masculine 'macho' stereotypes that are especially disadvantageous to women. Here, we explore whether such macho occupational stereotypes may be especially tenacious, not just because of their impact on women, but also because of their impact on men. We examined whether macho stereotypes associated with marine commandos and surgeons discourage men who feel that they are 'not man enough'. Study 1 demonstrates that male new recruits' (N = 218) perceived lack of fit with masculine commandos was associated with reduced occupational identification and motivation. Study 2 demonstrates that male surgical trainees' (N = 117) perceived lack of fit with masculine surgeons was associated with reduced identification and increased psychological exit a year later. Together, this suggests that macho occupational stereotypes may discourage the very men who may challenge them.
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2014
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Peters, K., Ryan, M. K. and Haslam, S. A. (2015), Marines, medics, and machismo: Lack of fit with masculine occupational stereotypes discourages men's participation. British Journal of Psychology, 106: 635–655, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1111/bjop.12106.
Vol. 106, pp. 635 - 655