Conscious motor processing and movement self-consciousness: two dimensions of personality that influence laparoscopic training.
Journal of Surgical Education
© 2014. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
BACKGROUND: Identifying personality factors that account for individual differences in surgical training and performance has practical implications for surgical education. Movement-specific reinvestment is a potentially relevant personality factor that has a moderating effect on laparoscopic performance under time pressure. Movement-specific reinvestment has 2 dimensions, which represent an individual's propensity to consciously control movements (conscious motor processing) or to consciously monitor their 'style' of movement (movement self-consciousness). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the moderating effects of the 2 dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment in the learning and updating (cross-handed technique) of laparoscopic skills. METHODS: Medical students completed the Movement-Specific Reinvestment Scale, a psychometric assessment tool that evaluates the conscious motor processing and movement self-consciousness dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment. They were then trained to a criterion level of proficiency on a fundamental laparoscopic skills task and were tested on a novel cross-handed technique. Completion times were recorded for early-learning, late-learning, and cross-handed trials. RESULTS: Propensity for movement self-consciousness but not conscious motor processing was a significant predictor of task completion times both early (p = 0.036) and late (p = 0.002) in learning, but completion times during the cross-handed trials were predicted by the propensity for conscious motor processing (p = 0.04) rather than movement self-consciousness (p = 0.21). CONCLUSION: Higher propensity for movement self-consciousness is associated with slower performance times on novel and well-practiced laparoscopic tasks. For complex surgical techniques, however, conscious motor processing plays a more influential role in performance than movement self-consciousness. The findings imply that these 2 dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment have a differential influence in the learning and updating of laparoscopic skills.
This work was supported by a GRF grant from the Research Grants Council, University Grants Committee, Hong Kong (HKU752211H).
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Journal of Surgical Education, 2014, Vol. 71, Issue 6, pp. 798 - 804
Place of publication
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Exploring 'Optimal' States of Consciousness in Michael Chekhov's Psychological Gesture: Towards a New Phenomenological Paradigm Mastrokalou, Effrosyni Efrosini (University of ExeterDrama, 2017-05-10)This thesis examines key concepts from philosophers Nishida Kitaro, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Fredriche Nietzsche and applies them to elements of Michael Chekhov’s practice of acting. The three philosophers, in different ...
The potential contribution of psychosynthesis to education : an interview-based exploration of educators’ experiences of working with members of the ‘New Generations’ who are developing towards self-actualisation and self-transcendence. Trotta, Patrizia (University of ExeterEducation, 2012-12-07)The intention behind this research was to reveal through two interpretive, inter-related studies the perceived needs of differently-labelled youth, collectively addressed in this thesis as ‘the New Generations’, exploring ...
The Significance of Edward Said’s Notion of “Secular” Criticism in his Work on Islam and the Problematic of Palestine-Israel Keyes, Colleen Marie (University of ExeterTheology, 2014-03-11)The present study argues that the central notion and practice unifying Edward Said’s oeuvre is that of “secular” criticism, which he conceives of as the defining activity and tool of the humanistic intellectual. We also ...