Examining movement-specific reinvestment and performance in demanding contexts
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Two experiments examined the roles of the dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment (movement selfconsciousness and conscious motor processing) on performance under demanding conditions. In Experiment 1, novice golfers practiced a golf putting task and were tested under low- and high-anxiety conditions. Conscious motor processing was not associated with putting proficiency or movement variability; however, movement self-consciousness was positively associated with putting proficiency and appeared to be negatively associated with variability of impact velocity in low-anxiety conditions, but not in high-anxiety conditions. Increased anxiety and effort possibly left few attention resources for movement self-consciousness under high anxiety. In Experiment 2, participants performed a quiet standing task in single- and dual-task conditions. Movement self-consciousness was positively associated with performance when attention demands were low (single task) but not when attention demands were high (dual task). The findings provide insight into the differential influence of the two dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment under demanding conditions.
The work was supported in part by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Project No. HKU 750311H)
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Human Kinetics via http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2014-0220
Vol. 37, pp. 327 - 338