A Systematic Review of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation for Prospective Memory Deficits as a Consequence of Acquired Brain Injury
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Cambridge University Press (CUP): 12 months
Reason for embargo
Objective: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. Method: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals. Literature searches were conducted using variants of the terms brain injury, stroke, encephalitis, meningitis, and tumour, combined with variants of the terms rehabilitation and prospective memory. Results: Of the 435 papers identified, 11 were included in the review. Findings demonstrated a variety of interventions to alleviate PM deficits, including compensatory strategies (e.g., external memory aids) that provide either content-specific or content-free cueing, and remediation strategies (e.g., meta-cognitive training programmes) aimed at improving the self-monitoring of personal goals. Risk of bias for individual studies was considered and the strengths and limitations of each of the included studies and the review itself were discussed. Conclusions: Interventions utilised with adults can be effective; PM abilities can be improved by utilising simple reminder systems and performance can be generalised to facilitate everyday PM functioning. There is, however, a lack of research of PM interventions conducted with children with ABI, and paediatric interventions need to consider on-going cognitive maturation.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Cambridge University Press via the DOI in this record.
Published online: 19 January 2017