Amino acids intake and physical fitness among adolescents
Gracia Marco, L
de Henauw, S
© The Author(s) 2017. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
The aim was to investigate whether there was an association between amino acid (AA) intake and physical fitness and if so, to assess whether this association was independent of carbohydrates intake. European adolescents (n=1481, 12.5-17.5-yrs) were measured. Intake was assessed via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls. Lower and upper-limbs muscular fitness was assessed by standing long jump and handgrip strength tests, respectively. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the 20-m shuttle run test. Physical activity was objectively measured. Socioeconomic status was obtained via questionnaires. Lower-limbs muscular fitness seems to be positively associated with tryptophan, histidine and methionine intake in boys, regardless of center, age, socioeconomic status, physical activity and total energy intake (model 1). However, these associations disappeared once carbohydrates intake was controlled for (model 2). In girls, only proline intake seems to be positively associated with lower-limbs muscular fitness (model 2) while cardiorespiratory fitness seems to be positively associated with leucine (model 1) and proline intake (models 1 and 2). None of the observed significant associations remained significant once multiple testing was controlled for. In conclusion, we failed to detect any associations between any of the evaluated AAs and physical fitness after taking into account the effect of multiple testing.
The authors gratefully acknowledge all participating children and adolescents, and their parents and teachers, for their collaboration. The HELENA study took place with the financial support of the European Community Sixth RTD Framework Programme (Contract FOOD-CT: 2005-007034). Nevertheless, the content of this paper reflects the authors’ views alone, and the European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein. European Commission had no role in the design, analysis or writing of this article.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Springer Verlag via the DOI in this record.
Published online 17 March 2017