Contesting the "Nature" Of Conformity: what Milgram and Zimbardo's studies really show
Public Library of Science
Copyright: © 2012 Haslam, Reicher. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Understanding of the psychology of tyranny is dominated by classic studies from the 1960s and 1970s: Milgram's research on obedience to authority and Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. Supporting popular notions of the banality of evil, this research has been taken to show that people conform passively and unthinkingly to both the instructions and the roles that authorities provide, however malevolent these may be. Recently, though, this consensus has been challenged by empirical work informed by social identity theorizing. This suggests that individuals' willingness to follow authorities is conditional on identification with the authority in question and an associated belief that the authority is right.
This is the final version of the article. Available from Public Library of Science via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 10 (11), article e1001426
Place of publication
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rabinovich, Anna; Morton, TA; Landon, E; Neill, C; Mason-Brown, S; Burdett, L (Wiley, 2013-06-12)In three experimental studies, we investigated the effect of the content of group-directed feedback on categorization of the feedback source as an ingroup or an outgroup member. In all studies, feedback valence (criticism ...
Brent, LJN (Elsevier Masson, 2015-02-12)Friend of a friend relationships, or the indirect connections between people, influence our health, well-being, financial success and reproductive output. As with humans, social behaviours in other animals often occur ...
Brakes, P; Dall, SRX (Frontiers Media, 2016-05-19)The three orders which comprise the extant marine mammals exhibit a wide range of behaviors, varying social structures and differences in social information use. Human impacts on marine mammals and their environments are ...