Influence of iodide ingestion on nitrate metabolism and blood pressure following short-term dietary nitrate supplementation in healthy normotensive adults
Elsevier for Nitric Oxide Society
Reason for embargo
Uptake of inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) into the salivary circulation is a rate-limiting step for dietary NO3(-) metabolism in mammals. It has been suggested that salivary NO3(-) uptake occurs in competition with inorganic iodide (I(-)). Therefore, this study tested the hypothesis that I(-) supplementation would interfere with NO3(-) metabolism and blunt blood pressure reductions after dietary NO3(-) supplementation. Nine healthy adults (4 male, mean ± SD, age 20 ± 1 yr) reported to the laboratory for initial baseline assessment (control) and following six day supplementation periods with 140 mL·day(-1) NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice (8.4 mmol NO3(-)·day(-1)) and 198 mg potassium gluconate·day(-1) (nitrate), and 140 mL·day(-1) NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice and 450 μg potassium iodide·day(-1) (nitrate + iodide) in a randomized, cross-over experiment. Salivary [I(-)] was higher in the nitrate + iodide compared to the control and NIT trials (P < 0.05). Salivary and plasma [NO3(-)] and [NO2(-)] were higher in the nitrate and nitrate + iodide trials compared to the control trial (P < 0.05). Plasma [NO3(-)] was higher (474 ± 127 vs. 438 ± 117 μM) and the salivary-plasma [NO3(-)] ratio was lower (14 ± 6 vs. 20 ± 6 μM), indicative of a lower salivary NO3(-) uptake, in the nitrate + iodide trial compared to the nitrate trial (P < 0.05). Plasma and salivary [NO2(-)] were not different between the nitrate and nitrate + iodide trials (P > 0.05). Systolic blood pressure was lower than control (112 ± 13 mmHg) in the nitrate (106 ± 13 mmHg) and nitrate + iodide (106 ± 11 mmHg) trials (P < 0.05), with no differences between the nitrate and nitrate + iodide trials (P > 0.05). In conclusion, co-ingesting NO3(-) and I(-) perturbed salivary NO3(-) uptake, but the increase in salivary and plasma [NO2(-)] and the lowering of blood pressure were similar compared to NO3(-) ingestion alone. Therefore, increased dietary I(-) intake, which is recommended in several countries worldwide as an initiative to offset hypothyroidism, does not appear to compromise the blood pressure reduction afforded by increased dietary NO3(-) intake.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via the DOI in this record.
Vol. 63, pp. 13 - 20
Place of publication