Cancer patients enrolled in a smoking cessation clinical trial: characteristics and correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence
Journal of Addiction
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Copyright © 2018 Andrew Miele et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reason for embargo
Currently under an indefinite embargo pending publication by the publisher. No embargo required on publication
Introduction: A substantial proportion of cancer patients continue to smoke after their diagnosis but relatively few studies have evaluated correlates of nicotine dependence and smoking rate in this population, which could help guide smoking cessation interventions. Aim: This study evaluated correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence in a sample of 207 cancer patients. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis using multiple linear regression evaluated disease, demographic, affective, and tobacco-seeking correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence. Smoking rate was assessed using a timeline follow-back assessment of cigarettes smoked per day. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence measured levels of nicotine dependence. Results: The primary analysis, using multiple linear regression predicting nicotine dependence, showed an association with smoking to alleviate a sense of addiction from the Reasons for Smoking Scale and tobacco-seeking behavior from the Concurrent Choice Task (p < .05), but not with affect measured by the HADS and PANAS (p > .05). Multiple linear regression predicting smoking rates prior to pre-quit visit also showed an association with smoking to alleviate addiction (p < .05). ANOVA showed that Caucasian participants reported greater rates of smoking compared to other reported races. Conclusions: The results suggest that behavioral smoking cessation interventions that focus on helping patients to manage tobacco-seeking behavior, rather than mood management interventions, could help cancer patients to quit smoking, as this data could be used to help tailor treatments for this population.
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Hindawi Publishing Corporation via the DOI in this record
Vol. 2018, article 2438161