The effects of perceived and received support on objective performance outcome.
European Journal of Sport Science
Taylor & Francis
In this study, we examined the main and stress-buffering effects of perceived and received support upon objective performance outcome. The sample consisted of 123 male British high performance golfers, mean age 25.3 years (SD = 5.4). Participants completed measures of perceived support, stressors, stress, and received support before competitions. After the competitions, performance outcome (number of shots) was recorded. When both types of support were considered separately, there were significant main effects for perceived (ΔR2 = .08, b = -.81, p < .01) and received support (ΔR2 = .05, b = -.68, p < .01) on performance. There were also significant stress-buffering effects for perceived (ΔR2 = .03, b = -.48, p = .02) and received support (ΔR2 = .06, b = -.61, p < .01). When both types of support were considered simultaneously, the significant main effect (DR2 = .09, p < .01) was primarily attributable to perceived support (b = -.63, p = .02). The significant stress-buffering effect (DR2 = .06, p = .01) was primarily attributable to received support (b = -.56, p = .04). These results demonstrate the beneficial influence of social support on performance. The findings highlight the need to recognise the distinction between perceived and received support, both in terms of theory and the design of social support interventions with athletes.
This is a postprint of an article published in European Journal of Sport Science, 2008, Vol. 8, Issue 6, pp. 359 – 368 © 2008 copyright Taylor & Francis. European Journal of Sport Science is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tejs20
European Journal of Sport Science, 2008, Vol. 8, Issue 6, pp. 359 - 368