Stressors, social support and psychological responses to sport injury in high and low-performance standard participants
Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Objective The purpose of the present study was to examine the main and buffering effect relationships between social support and psychological responses to sport injury with samples of high- and low-performance standard injured participants. Method High- (N = 147) and low-performance (N = 114) standard injured participants completed measures of perceived social support, injury-related stressors and psychological responses during physiotherapy clinic visits. Results Moderated hierarchical regression analyses revealed the following key findings: a) in the high-performance sample, there were significant (p < 0.05) main effects for social support in relation to psychological responses; b) in the low-performance sample, there were significant buffering effects for social support in relation to psychological responses. That is, in the low-performance sample, the detrimental relationships between stressors and psychological responses were reduced for those with high social support compared to those with low social support, but level of social support was relatively unimportant at low levels of stressors. Conclusion These results highlight that the relationships between social support, stressors, and psychological responses to sport injury may differ, depending upon the performance standard of the athlete. The impact of social support in the injury process may therefore be more complicated than first thought, and this has implications for interventions aimed at increasing social support for injured athletes.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise , 2010, Vol. 11, Issue 6, pp. 505 – 51 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.07.002
Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2010, Vol. 11, Issue 6, pp. 505 - 512